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Tolbachik volcano
Shield volcano 3682 m / 12,080 ft
Kamchatka, 55.83°N / 160.33°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
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Tolbachik volcano eruptions:
2012-13, 1975-76, 1973-74, 1970, 1968-69, 1967, 1966, 1965, 1964, 1962-63, 1961-62, 1959-60, 1958, 1956-57, 1955, 1954, 1947, 1940-41, 1939, 1936-37, 1931-32, 1904, 1793, 1790, 1789, 1788, 1769, 1740, 1739, 1699, 1550 (?), 1050 (?), 1000 (?), 950 (?), 900 (?), 550 (?), 450 (?), 400 (?), 350 (?), 250 (?), 150 (?), 50 AD (?), 100 BC (?), 200 BC (?), 700 BC (?), 750 BC (?), 800 BC (?), 1650 BC (?), 1750 BC (?), 2050 BC (?), 4550 BC (?), 5450 BC (?), 5600 BC (?), 6050 BC (?), 7600 BC (?)
Typical eruption style:
effusive fissure eruptions
Last earthquakes nearby
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Tolbachik volcano: eruption updates & news

Tolbachik Update. First photos of the eruption

Thursday Nov 29, 2012 10:31 AM | BY: VOLCANOBULLETIN

The Tolbachik fissure eruption at night, two areas of activity can clearly be seen. KVERT
The Tolbachik fissure eruption at night, two areas of activity can clearly be seen. KVERT
Photo showing the southern area of activity. Lava flows from the northern part of the activity can been seen on the upper right. KVERT
Photo showing the southern area of activity. Lava flows from the northern part of the activity can been seen on the upper right. KVERT
Photo showing the two eruptive fissures, located ton the S flank of Tolbachik. Eruptions have also been occurring from the summit.
Photo showing the two eruptive fissures, located ton the S flank of Tolbachik. Eruptions have also been occurring from the summit.
On 29 November, the Tokyo VAAC reported that ash plumes from Tolbachik reached heights of 3.5 km. The MODVOLC also detected thermal anomalies and a strong S02 output is seen. On 29 November, the KVERT reported that the fissure had opened up in two places (in the southern cone area); the first is located 4.5 km from Tolbachik and contains 4 or 5 eruptive vents, the second is located 6.5 km downstream from the volcano and has 2 or 3 eruptive vents. Ground observers reported that the eruption started as a series of small eruptions that progressed into two fissures. Explosions were heard in Kosyrevsk (40 km west), Maiskoye (56 km northwest) and even Klyuchi (70 km north).
Analysis of a MODIS satellite image taken at 01:00 (UTC) shows two lava flows. The flows are facing west. The northernmost flow may extend for 5 km, the southern flow may extend for 8 km.
The KVERT has raised the alert level from ORANGE to RED.

The first photos of the eruption have been published (see photos).
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Links / Sources:
Previous news
Wednesday, Nov 28, 2012
The Tokyo VAAC reported that an eruption of Tolbachik began at around 10:45 (GMT). An initial ash plume rose to a height of 10 KM; ash was seen in satellite images. ... [more]
Tuesday, Nov 27, 2012
In a special notice by the KVERT(Kamchatka Volcanic Eruption Response Team)on 27 November, the Alert Level was raised from GREEN to YELLOW. The volcano's last eruption was in 1975 with a large basaltic fissure eruption from its SSW flank dubbed 'the great Tolbachik fissure eruption' ... [more]

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