BackgroundThe Vico volcano is classified as part of the Roman Magmatic Province; however, the Cimino volcano that Vico partially overlies technically belongs to the Tuscan Magmatic Province, based on geochemical affinity (Peccerillo, 2005). The Monte Cimino trachytic lava dome complex was active from 1.35-0.94 Ma (Peccerillo, 2005). The PT Ignimbrite was erupted about 1.3 million years ago. The adjacent Vico central volcano and caldera was active during three periods from 0.4 to 0.15 Ma (Sollevanti, 1983; Peccerillo, 2005). Period 1 was dominated by pyroclastics and minor lava flows, Period 2 involved the emplacement of intermediate to felsic lavas that constructed the main cone. The post-caldera activity of Period 3 produced mafic lavas, scoria, and phreatomagamtic products. Vico also has a few post-caldera monogenetic centers, the largest of which is the Monte Venere cone inside the caldera (Peccerillo, 2005). Four ignimbrite-producing eruptions related to caldera formation took place from about 0.25-0.144 million years ago.
Smithsonian / GVP volcano information
See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8