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Volcanic activity worldwide 13 Oct 2013: Klyuchevskoy, White Island, Sakurajima, Karymsky, Popocaté...

Sunday Oct 13, 2013 17:03 PM |

Eruption from Klyuchevskoy volcano, Kamchatka (KVERT webcam)
Eruption from Klyuchevskoy volcano, Kamchatka (KVERT webcam)
Explosion from Sakurajima early this morning (Tarumizu webcam)
Explosion from Sakurajima early this morning (Tarumizu webcam)
Comparison of the eruption site in White Island before (l) and after the eruption on Friday evening(r)
Comparison of the eruption site in White Island before (l) and after the eruption on Friday evening(r)
Ash eruption from Reventador last Friday (IGPEN webcam)
Gorely (Southern Kamchatka): No changes in activity (strong degassing, moderate seismic activity) have occurred.

Klyuchevskoy (Kamchatka): The eruption continues with increasing strength from two locations, both at the summit vent, and at the flank vent between Klyuchevskoy and Kamen where a cinder cone is growing. Webcam images show violent strombolian activity and/or lava fountains at the summit vent, large lava flows on the NW, W and SW flanks and a continuous ash plume drifting to the SE (see video below).
KVERT reports strong seismicity with increased tremor (81.6 mcm/s amplitutde). Satellite data showed a big thermal anomaly over the volcano. Ash plumes extended 263 mi(425 km) to the south-east of the volcano.


Kizimen (Kamchatka): Extrusion of magma at the lava dome has been weak recently, but it remains active.

Karymsky (Kamchatka): Explosive activity of strombolian to weak vulanian type continues as evidenced by the presence of a ash plume that extended about 11 miles (18 km) east of the volcano yesterday. KVERT reports moderate seismic activity.

Shiveluch (Kamchatka): KVERT reports that the "growth of the lava dome continues - strong and moderate ash explosions up to 4-6 km a.s.l., fumarolic activity and incandescence of the dome summit, and hot avalanches accompany this process. Satellite data showed a thermal anomaly over the volcano."

Bezymianny (Central Kamchatka Depression): The nearby strong eruption of nearby Klyuchevskoy volcano obscures any seismic signal from Bezymianny, but according to KVERT, the lava dome remains active.

Sakurajima (Kyushu, Japan): After a couple of days with less violent and less frequent explosions, the volcano stepped up its activity again and produced a series of 6 eruptions yesterday alone, culminating in an explosion that sent an ash plume to 12,000 ft (3.6 km).
One of the eruptions during the night (in Japan, 15:22 UTC) is shown on these videos:
... [read more]

White Island (New Zealand): A moderate explosive eruption occurred at around 20:09pm NZDT last Friday, GeoNet writes. "The eruption lasted about 1 minute based on data from acoustic and seismic sensors, and was confirmed by subsequent analysis of web camera images during daylight hours." The Volcanic Alert Level was raised to Level 2 and the Aviation Colour Code to Orange.
"Observations from the web cameras show an explosive eruption producing an ash cloud column that expanded across the Main Crater floor. New mud deposited on the crater floor is evident in the web camera images from the crater rim this morning. The present activity is a continuation of the unrest observed at White Island for the past 15 months and hazardous eruptions of this type may occur with no warning. This eruption is larger than recent events and would have been life threatening to people on the island."
(Source: GeoNet)

Veniaminof (Alaska Peninsula, USA): The eruption continues. Seismicity remains elevated but partially masked by storm noise. Satellite and web camera images are obscured by clouds, but it is likely that lava effusion and minor ash emissions continue.(AVO)

Popocatépetl (Central Mexico): No changes have occurred. The volcano produces 1-2 generally weak emissions of steam and sometimes ash on average per hour.

Reventador (Ecuador): Intermittent small to moderate ash explosions continue.

Tungurahua (Ecuador): Activity has been comparably mild with strombolian explosions of varying size, steam and ash emissions causing some ash fall in nearby areas.

Volcano Activity Summary for 13 Oct 2013:

Currently erupting:

Ambrym (Vanuatu): active lava lakes in several craters (updated 16 Sep 2013)
Bagana (Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea): ash explosions (updated 3 Oct 2013)
Batu Tara (Sunda Islands, Indonesia): strombolian explosions, ash plumes up to 500 m, extrusion of a small lava dome with rockfalls (updated 10 Oct 2013)
Chirinkotan (Northern Kuriles): unspecified activity - possibly lava flows (updated 2 Sep 2013)
Cleveland (Aleutian Islands, Alaska): continuous small eruptions (updated 6 May 2013)
Colima (Western Mexico): lava flow on upper eastern flank (updated 19 Jul 2013)
Dukono (Halmahera): thermal anomaly, probably small explosive activity in summit crater (updated 10 Oct 2013)
Erebus (Antarctica): active lava lake in summit crater (updated 21 Jan 2012)
Erta Ale (Ethiopia): active lava lake in northern pit crater, active hornito with intermittend flow in southern crater (updated 11 Jan 2013)
Fuego (Guatemala): lava flow on upper southern flank, small to moderate explosions (updated 10 Oct 2013)
Grozny (Iturup Island): fumarolic activity (updated 3 Apr 2013)
Jebel Zubair (Red Sea): submarine eruption started 28 Sep 2013 (updated 11 Oct 2013)
Karkar (Northeast of New Guinea): possible ash eruption on 1 February (updated 15 Mar 2013)
Karymsky (Kamchatka): occasional small explosions, thermal anomaly (updated 13 Oct 2013)
Kilauea (Hawai'i): lava lakes in Halemau'uma'u and Pu'u 'O'o, lava flows on coastal flat and weakly active ocean entries (updated 13 Aug 2013)
Kizimen (Kamchatka): growing lava dome and incandescent rock avalanches (updated 13 Oct 2013)
Klyuchevskoy (Kamchatka): strombolian activity / lava fountains in summit crater, lava flows, flank eruption (updated 13 Oct 2013)
Marapi (Western Sumatra, Indonesia): occasional weak explosions (updated 14 Aug 2013)
Nyiragongo (DRCongo): active lava lake in summit crater (updated 12 Jun 2013)
Ol Doinyo Lengai (Tanzania): effusion of natrocarbonatite lava inside the crater (updated 8 Jul 2013)
Pacaya (Guatemala): strombolian activity and lava flow (updated 10 Oct 2013)
Paluweh (off Flores Island, Indonesia): active growing lava dome (updated 12 Aug 2013)
Rabaul (Tavurvur) (New Britain, Papua New Guinea): explosions and ash emissions (updated 1 Oct 2013)
Rausu (Hokkaido)
Reventador (Ecuador): ash explosions, occasional pyroclastic flows (updated 13 Oct 2013)
Sakurajima (Kyushu, Japan): constant ash emissions and strong explosions (updated 13 Oct 2013)
Santa María / Santiaguito (Guatemala): Santiaguito volcano (Guatemala): lava flow on south flank of dome becomes more active (updated 10 Oct 2013)
Semeru (East Java, Indonesia): growing lava dome, ash venting and small to moderate explosions (updated 25 Jul 2012)
Shiveluch (Kamchatka): slow dome growth, occasional explosions and pyroclastic flows (updated 13 Oct 2013)
Stromboli (Eolian Islands, Italy): continuing lava overflows (updated 10 Oct 2013)
Suwanose-jima (Ryukyu Islands): Mt Ontake volcano of Suwanose-jima Island, Japan (updated 12 Sep 2013)
Telica (Nicaragua): normal (low) seismic activity (updated 26 Sep 2013)
Tinakula (Santa Cruz Islands, Solomon Islands): increased activity at the volcano (updated 8 Feb 2013)
Tungurahua (Ecuador): degassing, earthquake swarm and inflation (updated 13 Oct 2013)
Ulawun (New Britain, Papua New Guinea): steaming, degassing (updated 1 Oct 2013)
Veniaminof (Alaska Peninsula, USA): effusion of lava flows (updated 13 Oct 2013)
Yasur (Tanna Island, Vanuatu): strong strombolian activity (level 3), crater currently closed (updated 10 Sep 2013)

Eruption warning / minor activity:

Bezymianny (Central Kamchatka Depression): slow lava flow extrusion from dome (updated 13 Oct 2013)
Dieng (Central Java): increased degassing (updated 28 Mar 2013)
Etna (Sicily, Italy): sporadic ash emissions from New SE crater (updated 10 Oct 2013)
Galeras (Colombia): sporadic ash emissions (updated 25 Jul 2013)
Gamkonora (Halmahera): seismic swam, minor ash emissions (updated 27 May 2013)
Heard (Australia, Southern Indian Ocean): likely lava lake in summit crater (updated 3 Oct 2013)
Ibu (Halmahera, Indonesia): growing lava dome, seismic unrest (updated 9 Jun 2013)
Iliwerung (Lesser Sunda Islands): possible submarine eruption from Mt Hobal on 20 August (updated 20 Aug 2013)
Iwo-Tori-shima (Ryukyu Islands): possible small ash eruption on 6 July 2013 (updated 6 Jul 2013)
Karangetang (Siau Island, Sangihe Islands, Indonesia): lava extrusion at summit crater, strombolian activity, glowing avalanches (updated 4 Sep 2013)
Kerinci (Sumatra): occasional ash explosions (updated 5 Jun 2013)
Ketoi (Kurile Islands, Russia)
Kikai (Ryukyu Islands): steaming at summit crater of Iodake, occasional weak glows (updated 5 Jun 2013)
Kirishima (Kyushu): degassing, slightly increased seismic activity (updated 30 Jul 2012)
Langila (New Britain, Papua New Guinea): occasional ash explosions (updated 11 Feb 2013)
Lokon-Empung (North Sulawesi, Indonesia): small explosions, lava flow? (updated 24 Sep 2013)
Manam (Papua New Guinea): occasional explosions (updated 12 Sep 2013)
Medvezhia (Kurile Islands, Russia): strong steaming, thermal anomaly (updated 17 Jan 2013)
Merapi (Central Java): moderate gas and ash plume on 22 july (updated 3 Oct 2013)
Nevado del Ruiz (Colombia): seismic unrest (updated 7 Oct 2013)
Nyamuragira (DRCongo): steaming/degassing from pit inside summit caldera (updated 18 Jul 2013)
Papandayan (West Java): strong hydrothermal activity, increased seismicity (updated 6 May 2013)
Poas (Costa Rica): occasional small phreatic explosions from lake (updated 22 Aug 2013)
Popocatépetl (Central Mexico): steam/gas/ash emissions (updated 13 Oct 2013)
Rasshua (Central Kuriles)
Raung (East Java): strombolian activity in summit crater (updated 5 Aug 2013)
Rincón de la Vieja (Costa Rica): small phreatic eruption on 11 April (updated 6 Oct 2012)
Sacabaya (Northern Chile, Bolivia and Argentina)
Tangkubanparahu (West Java): occasional phreatic explosions (updated 7 Oct 2013)
Turrialba (Costa Rica): ash venting, strong degassing (updated 24 Jul 2013)
Ubinas (Peru): occasional phreatic explosions (updated 20 Sep 2013)
White Island (New Zealand): strong degassing, volcanic tremor (updated 13 Oct 2013)

Previous news
Lightning inside the eruption cloud above Klyuchevskoy volcano (KVERT webcam)
Saturday, Oct 12, 2013
Klyuchevskoy (Kamchatka): (11 Oct) We posted the following time-lapse video of the eruption this morning (or evening, in Kamchatka time). At 08:30 UTC (17:30 local time), a new vent opened in the saddle between Klyuchevskoy and neighboring Kamen volcano, producing a fountain of lava and ash rising to about 7 km altitude. The KVERT webcam even captured lightning during this eruption: ... [more]
Map of yesterday's earthquakes under Etna (marker shows one of the two mag 2.7 events)
Friday, Oct 11, 2013
Etna (Sicily, Italy): (10 Oct) A swarm of shallow earthquakes occurred yesterday under the SE flank, below Monte Arcimis near Tarderia (Pedara) at depths of 2.7-5.6 km. The two largest events were magnitude 2.7 and felt by local residents. ... [more]
Current tremor signal (ESLN station, INGV Catania)
Thursday, Oct 10, 2013
Stromboli (Eolian Islands, Italy): Our friend Petra who climbed the volcano last night reports that activity is rather low at the moment. There were no explosions observed during the time spent at the summit (about one hour). ... [more]
Showa crater of Sakurajima with glow from strombolian activity this evening
Wednesday, Oct 09, 2013
Sakurajima (Kyushu, Japan): The volcano has had less (vulcanian) explosions, but showed near-constant strombolian activity and ash emissions today: ... [more]
Eruption from Klyuchevskoy volcano, Kamchatka (Photo: Sergey Krasnoshchokov).
Tuesday, Oct 08, 2013
Etna (Sicily, Italy): (7 Oct) Sporadic weak explosions from the New SE crater have continued. Currently, there are no signs of increasing activity. ... [more]

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