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Volcanic activity worldwide 5 Jan 2014: Sinabung, Santa María / Santiaguito, Pacaya, Fuego, Dukono, El Hierro

Sunday Jan 05, 2014 09:19 AM |

Map of yesterday's earthquakes at El Hierro
Map of yesterday's earthquakes at El Hierro
Pyroclastic flow from Sinabung yesterday
Pyroclastic flow from Sinabung yesterday
Small rock avalanche from the Caliente lava dome
Small rock avalanche from the Caliente lava dome
Strombolian activity from Fuego volcano (CONRED)
Strombolian activity from Fuego volcano (CONRED)
El Hierro (Canary Islands, Spain): The island has remained calm with not much signs of volcanic unrest. Two small earthquakes (magnitudes 2.8 and 1.7) occurred at approx 10 km depth east of La Restinga yesterday, but so far, there have not been new ones since.
Tremor is absent except perhaps on some of the stations in the western El Golfo area (CTAB station) and deformation has been stagnating.

Sinabung (Sumatra, Indonesia): The current eruption, characterized by the growing lava dome producing numerous explosions and pyroclastic flows, continues at increasing levels.
During yesterday, several (at least 5) pyroclastic flows (hot block and ash avalanches triggered by partial collapse of the unstable dome) traveled down on the southeastern side and reached lengths of up to 4 km, with associated ash plumes rising more than 4 km height to altitudes of 24,000 (7.3 km). The following video shows some of the flows through the VSI webcam:
... [read more]

Dukono (Halmahera): Mild to moderate explosions produce frequent small ash plumes detected by VAAC Darwin on satellite data.

Santa María / Santiaguito (Guatemala): The volcano observatory reports no changes in activity: abundant degassing, weak to moderate explosions with ash plumes rising 500-700 m and constant block avalanches from the lava flows on the east and SW flanks of the dome.

Pacaya (Guatemala): Mild strombolian activity continues with little changes. Incandescent ejections can be seen from the capital on clear nights.

Fuego (Guatemala): Occasional strombolian explosions are relatively strong, producing incandescent ejections up to 100-150 m above the crater and causing incandescent avalanches around the crater. Ash plumes rose to up to 500 m. Shock waves can often be felt accompanying the explosions.

Volcano Activity Summary for 5 Jan 2014:

Currently erupting:

Ambrym (Vanuatu): active lava lakes in several craters (updated 5 Dec 2013)
Bagana (Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea): ash explosions (updated 10 Dec 2013)
Batu Tara (Sunda Islands, Indonesia): strombolian explosions, ash plumes up to 500 m, extrusion of a small lava dome with rockfalls (updated 6 Nov 2013)
Colima (Western Mexico): explosions and lava flows (updated 5 Dec 2013)
Dukono (Halmahera): thermal anomaly, probably small explosive activity in summit crater (updated 5 Jan 2014)
Erebus (Antarctica): active lava lake in summit crater (updated 21 Jan 2012)
Erta Ale (Ethiopia): active lava lake in northern pit crater, active hornito with intermittend flow in southern crater (updated 11 Jan 2013)
Etna (Sicily, Italy): degassing, seismic unrest (updated 29 Dec 2013)
Fuego (Guatemala): strombolian explosions (updated 5 Jan 2014)
Ibu (Halmahera, Indonesia): growing lava dome, seismic unrest (updated 23 Oct 2013)
Karymsky (Kamchatka): occasional small explosions, thermal anomaly (updated 2 Jan 2014)
Kilauea (Hawai'i): lava lakes in Halemau'uma'u and Pu'u 'O'o, lava flows on coastal flat and weakly active ocean entries (updated 13 Aug 2013)
Nishino-shima (Volcano Islands, Japan): lava effusion enlarging the new island (updated 27 Dec 2013)
Nyiragongo (DRCongo): active lava lake in summit crater (updated 12 Jun 2013)
Ol Doinyo Lengai (Tanzania): effusion of natrocarbonatite lava inside the crater (updated 8 Jul 2013)
Pacaya (Guatemala): strombolian activity and lava flow (updated 5 Jan 2014)
Reventador (Ecuador): ash explosions, occasional pyroclastic flows (updated 14 Nov 2013)
Sakurajima (Kyushu, Japan): constant ash emissions and strong explosions (updated 24 Dec 2013)
Santa María / Santiaguito (Guatemala): Santiaguito volcano (Guatemala): lava flow on south flank of dome becomes more active (updated 5 Jan 2014)
Semeru (East Java, Indonesia): growing lava dome, ash venting and small to moderate explosions (updated 18 Oct 2013)
Shiveluch (Kamchatka): growing lava dome, incandescent avalanches, occasional explosions (updated 2 Jan 2014)
Sinabung (Sumatra, Indonesia): growing lava dome, pyroclastic flows, occasional explosions (updated 5 Jan 2014)
Stromboli (Eolian Islands, Italy): continuing lava overflows (updated 3 Nov 2013)
Suwanose-jima (Tokara Islands, Japan): strombolian to weak vulcanian explosions (updated 2 Jan 2014)
Yasur (Tanna Island, Vanuatu): ash emissions, weak strombolian explosions (updated 20 Nov 2013)
Zhupanovsky (Kamchatka, Russia): new explosive activity since 23 Oct (updated 6 Nov 2013)

Eruption warning / minor activity:

Barren Island (Indian Ocean): lava flows (?) (updated 23 Dec 2013)
Bezymianny (Central Kamchatka Depression): steaming, degassing (updated 2 Jan 2014)
Chaitén (Southern Chile and Argentina): degassing, possible renewed slow growth of lava dome (updated 24 Dec 2013)
Chirinkotan (Northern Kuriles): unspecified activity - possibly lava flows (updated 22 Nov 2013)
Copahue (Chile/Argentina): ash venting (updated 16 Nov 2013)
Dieng (Central Java): increased degassing (updated 28 Mar 2013)
Galeras (Colombia): sporadic ash emissions (updated 18 Dec 2013)
Heard (Australia, Southern Indian Ocean): likely lava lake in summit crater (updated 23 Dec 2013)
Iliwerung (Lesser Sunda Islands): possible submarine eruption from Mt Hobal on 20 August (updated 20 Aug 2013)
Jebel Zubair (Red Sea): no signs of activity after 24 Nov 2013 (updated 26 Nov 2013)
Karangetang (Siau Island, Sangihe Islands, Indonesia): lava extrusion at summit crater, strombolian activity, glowing avalanches (updated 4 Sep 2013)
Ketoi (Kurile Islands, Russia)
Kirishima (Kyushu): degassing, slightly increased seismic activity (updated 30 Jul 2012)
Kizimen (Kamchatka): degassing (updated 27 Dec 2013)
Langila (New Britain, Papua New Guinea): occasional ash explosions (updated 22 Nov 2013)
Lokon-Empung (North Sulawesi, Indonesia): small explosions, lava flow? (updated 24 Sep 2013)
Manam (Papua New Guinea): degassing, occasional ash venting (updated 5 Dec 2013)
Marapi (Western Sumatra, Indonesia): occasional ash explosions (updated 9 Dec 2013)
Merapi (Central Java): sporadic phreatic explosions (updated 12 Dec 2013)
Paluweh (off Flores Island, Indonesia): active growing lava dome (updated 27 Dec 2013)
Papandayan (West Java): strong hydrothermal activity, increased seismicity (updated 6 May 2013)
Poas (Costa Rica): occasional small phreatic explosions from lake (updated 22 Aug 2013)
Popocatépetl (Central Mexico): steam/gas/ash emissions (updated 2 Jan 2014)
Rabaul (Tavurvur) (New Britain, Papua New Guinea): weak ash explosions (updated 5 Dec 2013)
Raung (East Java): strombolian activity in summit crater (updated 5 Aug 2013)
San Miguel (El Salvador): new eruption on 29 Dec 2013 (updated 2 Jan 2014)
Tangkubanparahu (West Java): occasional phreatic explosions (updated 15 Oct 2013)
Turrialba (Costa Rica): ash venting, strong degassing (updated 24 Jul 2013)
Ulawun (New Britain, Papua New Guinea): degassing, ash venting (updated 5 Dec 2013)

Previous news
Ash emission from Etna's NE crater this morning
Saturday, Jan 04, 2014
Etna (Sicily, Italy): Again few days after the end of the last paroxysm at the New SE crater, weak ash emissions have started to occur from the North-East crater over night or this morning. Tremor is low. ... [more]
Eruption from Sinabung this morning (VSI webcam)
Friday, Jan 03, 2014
Sinabung (Sumatra, Indonesia): More explosions (and probably pyroclastic flows) occurred this morning. An ash plume rose to estimated 24,000 ft (7.3 km) altitude. ... [more]
Glow from Shiveluch's active lava dome this evening (KVERT webcam)
Thursday, Jan 02, 2014
The new year begins with intense and dangerous activity in Indonesia: ... [more]
view of Etna this morning from Catania
Wednesday, Jan 01, 2014
Etna (Sicily, Italy): For the first day of the year, Etna is wearing a beautiful snow dress. ... [more]
Strombolian explosions at the New SE crater on the evening of 29 Dec (Photo: Emaunela / VolcanoDiscovery Italia)Tremor amplitude (
Tuesday, Dec 31, 2013
Etna (Sicily, Italy): The fireworks on Etna seem to be coming to an end, although there is currently no visibility due to bad weather. Tremor has gradually decreased after another long, but rather weak paroxysm at the New SE crater (photos). ... [more]

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