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Esjufjöll volcano

Stratovolcano 1760 m (5,774 ft)
Iceland, 64.27°N / -16.65°W
Current status: dormant (1 out of 5)
Esjufjöll volcano books
Typical eruption style: Unknown. (Explosive?)
Esjufjöll volcano eruptions: 1927
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Sat, 18 Mar
Sat, 18 Mar 13:13 UTCM 1.3 / 3.2 km2 km5.5 km NW of Grímsfjall
Sat, 18 Mar 13:13 UTCM 0.7 / 1.1 km4 km6.4 km NNW of Grímsfjall
Fri, 17 Mar
Fri, 17 Mar 20:51 UTCM 1.0 / 2.1 km3 km4.2 km ESE of Bárðarbunga
Fri, 17 Mar 08:19 UTCM 1.3 / 19.3 km18 km17.9 km ESE of Bárðarbunga
Fri, 17 Mar 08:19 UTCM 0.5 / 17.2 km15 km15.3 km SE of Bárðarbunga
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The subglacial Esjufjöll volcano at the SE part of the Vatnajökull icecap, north of Öræfajökull volcano, may contain a central caldera. A minor eruption in 1927 that produced a large jökulhlaup is the only known historical activity from Esjufjöll.

Background:

Esjufjöll volcano, like Öraefajökull, is hidden beneath the immense glacier of Vatnajökull at its SE end, north of Öræfajökull volcano. It is actually not known wether it also has a central caldera. A small eruption in 1927, however, caused a relatively large jökulhlaup (glacier meltwater outburst), which is the only known historical eruption from Esjufjöll.


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