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Esjufjöll volcano

Stratovolcano 1760 m (5,774 ft)
Iceland, 64.27°N / -16.65°W
Current status: dormant (1 out of 5)
Esjufjöll volcano books
Typical eruption style: Unknown. (Explosive?)
Esjufjöll volcano eruptions: 1927
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Sun, 10 Dec
Sun, 10 Dec 18:00 UTCM 0.5 / 4.8 km2 km1.4 km WSW of Grímsfjall
Sun, 10 Dec 14:22 UTCM 1.4 / 6 km15 km18.2 km SE of Grímsfjall
Sun, 10 Dec 13:52 UTCM 0.4 / 4.4 km5 km7.2 km ESE of Hvannadalshnjúkur
Sun, 10 Dec 12:48 UTCM 0.6 / 7.2 km6 km23.3 km N of Hvannadalshnjúkur
Sun, 10 Dec 09:01 UTCM 0.7 / 4.9 km3 km4.4 km E of Hvannadalshnjúkur
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The subglacial Esjufjöll volcano at the SE part of the Vatnajökull icecap, north of Öræfajökull volcano, may contain a central caldera. A minor eruption in 1927 that produced a large jökulhlaup is the only known historical activity from Esjufjöll.

Background:

Esjufjöll volcano, like Öraefajökull, is hidden beneath the immense glacier of Vatnajökull at its SE end, north of Öræfajökull volcano. It is actually not known wether it also has a central caldera. A small eruption in 1927, however, caused a relatively large jökulhlaup (glacier meltwater outburst), which is the only known historical eruption from Esjufjöll.


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