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Vulsini volcano

caldera, cinder cones 800 m
Italy, 42.59°N / 11.94°E
Current status: (probably) extinct (0 out of 5)
Vulsini volcano books
Typical eruption style: Explosive
Vulsini volcano eruptions: 104 BC
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Sat, 21 Oct
Sat, 21 Oct 09:29 UTCM 1.9 / 7.2 km35 km10 km W Todi (PG)
Fri, 20 Oct
Fri, 20 Oct 10:12 UTCM 1.1 / 5.5 km6 km2 km SE Abbadia San Salvatore (SI)
Thu, 12 Oct
Thu, 12 Oct 15:16 UTCM 1.9 / 4.2 km33 km3 km E Guardea (TR)
Sat, 30 Sep
Sat, 30 Sep 07:26 UTCM 1.2 / 9.4 km12 km3 km SW Castel Giorgio (TR)
Thu, 28 Sep
Thu, 28 Sep 00:37 UTCM 1.2 / 9.5 km18 km6 km SW San Casciano dei Bagni (SI)
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The Vulsini volcanic complex in central Italy covers about 2200 sq km at the northern end of the Roman magmatic province.

Background:

Following lava extrusion and explosive eruptions that constructed the main Vulsini complex, the 16-km-wide, lake-filled Bolsena caldera on the east and the 8 x 11 km Latera caldera on the west were formed during major Pleistocene explosive eruptions at about 0.3 and 0.16 million years ago, respectively. Five major plinian fall deposits were erupted from vents at or near Latera caldera during the late Pleistocene. The latest major eruption formed unwelded pumice flows and welded airfall tuffs of the Pitigliano Formation, associated with collapse of the Vepe caldera about 166,000 years ago at the NW end of Latera caldera. Post-caldera volcanism produced scoria cones and lava flows from vents within and to the west of Latera caldera and lasted until subrecent times. Youthful-looking remnants of ash cones in Lake Bolsena may have given rise to a legend of a pre-historical fire-god, Volta. An historical report noted that "a flame shot up near Volsini" in 104 BC. Source: Smithsonian GVP


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