BackgroundThe elongated, 9 x 23 km island of Yunaska in the Islands of the Four Mountains group is comprised of two unnamed volcanic centers of greatly different morphology. The older, 950-m-high western center consists of the eroded remnants of four overlapping stratovolcanoes that form a linear, NNE-trending ridge. Cinder cones and fissure-fed lava flows extend from the western end of the complex. The younger, 550-m-high eastern complex consists of a shield volcano capped by two nested calderas. The 3.5-km-wide Coats caldera is located within an older 10 x 13 km caldera and contains cinder cones and a lava field. Two areas of particularly youthful lava flows extend down the flank through a gap in the SW caldera rim and blanket the upper northern flank of the caldera. Vents are found on the flanks of the caldera within a kilometer of its rim. A post-caldera cone is capped by a small summit crater. The eastern center is presumably the source of the island's historical eruptions, first recorded in 1817.
Smithsonian / GVP volcano information
See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8