Zitácuaro-Valle de Bravo volcano

caldera 3500+ m / 11,483 ft
Central Mexico, 19.4°N / -100.25°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)

Zitácuaro-Valle de Bravo volcano is a volcanic field in the central part of the Mexican Volcanic Belt 80 km SW of Mexico City. It consists of the Zitácuaro complex which formed above the giant, 30 km wide Las Tres Chicas caldera near city of Heroica de Zitácuaro, and the Valle de Bravo field to the south.
The field contains andesitic lava shields, lava domes, and more than 100 cinder cones. The last activity was west of the Valle de Bravo lake.

Show interactive Map
[hide map] [enlarge]
Typical eruption style: explosive
Zitácuaro-Valle de Bravo volcano eruptions: 3050 BC ± 1000 years

Latest nearby earthquakes

No recent earthquakes
TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location

Background

The Las Tres Chicas caldera is of Miocene age and would be classified as the result of a super-volcano eruption. The Zitácuaro complex is the result of activity within the caldera, which occurred during 3 principal episodes, forming dacitic lava domes, pyroclastic flows and andesitic lava flows. The youngest dated activity at the Zitácuaro complex produced the La Dieta airfall deposit about 31,000 years ago. Persistent local seismicity continues at Zitácuaro.
The Valle de Bravo area is located to the south. It contains dominantly andesitic lava domes and flows, many of which were erupted along regional faults. The youngest flows were erupted at the bottom of a fault-controlled canyon; the most recent of these, west of the Valle de Bravo lake, has been Argon-Argon dated at about 5200 +/- 2300 years ago, and its morphology suggests a Holocene age for other cones.
(adapted from: Smithsonian / GVP)


See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
Show more
Try our free app!
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - new app for Android
Android | iOS version

More on VolcanoDiscovery

Why is there advertising on this site?
Support us - Help us upgrade our services!
We truly love working to bring you the latest volcano and earthquake data from around the world. Maintaining our website and our free apps does require, however, considerable time and resources.
We need financing to increase hard- and software capacity as well as support our editor team. We're aiming to achieve uninterrupted service wherever an earthquake or volcano eruption unfolds, and your donations can make it happen! Every donation will be highly appreciated. If you find the information useful and would like to support our team in integrating further features, write great content, and in upgrading our soft- and hardware, please make a donation (PayPal or Online credit card payment).

Planned features:
  • Weather reports
  • Tsunami alerts
  • Design upgrades
  • Faster responsiveness
Thanks to your past donations, these features have been added recently:
  • Earthquake archive from 1900 onwards
  • Additional seismic data sources
  • Improved content in English
Download and Upgrade the Volcanoes & Earthquakes app to get one of the fastest seismic and volcano alerts online:
Android | IOS
Thank you!
Copyrights: VolcanoDiscovery and other sources as noted.
Use of material: Most texts and images, in particular photographs, on this website are protected by copyright. Further reproduction and use of without authorization is usually not consented. If you are not sure or need licensing rights for photographs, for example for publications and commercial use, please contact us.