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Jebel Zubair volcano
shield volcano 191 m / 627 ft
Red Sea, Yemen, 15.16°N / 42.1°E
Current status: dormant (1 out of 5)
Jebel Zubair volcano books
Jebel Zubair volcano eruptions:
2011 Dec - Jan 2012, 1846 (?), 1824
Typical eruption style:
effusive
Last earthquakes nearby
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Jebel Zubair volcano news & activity updates

Jebel Zubair (Red Sea, Jemen): new submarine volcanic eruption

Sunday Sep 29, 2013 11:38 AM | BY: T

Steam plume and discolored water around the new submarine eruption site (NASA / Terra satellite image 28 Sep, annotated by Blog Culture Volcan)
Steam plume and discolored water around the new submarine eruption site (NASA / Terra satellite image 28 Sep, annotated by Blog Culture Volcan)
SO2 plume above Jebel Zubair 28 Sep 2013
SO2 plume above Jebel Zubair 28 Sep 2013
A submarine eruption started yesterday (28 Sep) NW of the island Jebel Zubair and SW of the site of the 2011-12 eruption. The activity manifestated itself in form of a strong SO2 anomaly and steam plume spotted on satellite imagery.
No signs of activity are visible on images taken on 27 Sep, which confirms that the eruption started yesterday.
The presence of the significant steam plume suggests that the eruption vent is a shallow depth (less than 100 m), and possibly in the stage of producing so-called surtseyan activity (violent steam-driven explosions breach the surface with jets of water and steam, and become more and more rich in lava fragments as the vent becomes shallower). often
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Links / Sources:
Previous news
The new island seen on January 15, 2012 (NASA Earth Obbservatory)
Wednesday, Jan 18, 2012
It appears from the latest NASA satellite images that the eruption that has formed the new island has ended, leaving an impressive new elongated island about 1000 m long and 500 m wide just 500 m NNW of Rugged Island in the Zubair archipelago. ... [more]

Wednesday, Jan 11, 2012
New images were released from NASA, showing the rapid growth of a new island in the Zubair archipelago in the Red Sea. ... [more]
Surtseyan eruption at the newly formed island in the Red Sea
Wednesday, Jan 04, 2012
A new dramatic video of the recent volcanic eruption in the Red Sea in the Zubayr group of islands west of Jemen has emerged on youtube. The video was taken from a military helicopter and shows the newly-born island in the highly explosive phase, when magma in contact with sea water lead to very strong steam and ash explosions (so-called surtseyan activity), producing huge ash and steam clouds. Unfortunately, the date of the video is not specified, but it is probably from around 22-23 December. [more]
The new island in the Red Sea seen on 23 Dec 2011 (NASA Earth Observatory)
Wednesday, Dec 28, 2011
NASA satellite images show that the eruption in the Red Sea in the Zubair archipelago has produced a new island. The island is circular, about 500 m wide and located about 1 km north of Rugged Island. It consists of fresh probably basaltic lava flows and an active vent seems to be in its center. ... [more]
MODIS thermal image of the area of the reported eruption (the Zubair islands are in the center). No hot spot is visible, which could indicate either the eruption was extremely short and small, or there was another cause of the report.
Wednesday, Dec 21, 2011
(update 21 Dec:) ... [more]

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