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Jebel Zubair volcano
shield volcano 191 m / 627 ft
Red Sea, Yemen, 15.16°N / 42.1°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5) | Reports
Jebel Zubair volcano books
Jebel Zubair volcano eruptions:
2011 Dec - Jan 2012, 1846 (?), 1824
Typical eruption style:
effusive
Last earthquakes nearby
Latest satellite images
 

Jebel Zubair volcano news & activity updates

New island born in the Red Sea at the Zubair archipelago (Jemen)

Wednesday Dec 28, 2011 20:19 PM | BY: T

The new island in the Red Sea seen on 23 Dec 2011 (NASA Earth Observatory)
The new island in the Red Sea seen on 23 Dec 2011 (NASA Earth Observatory)
The same area with no island before
The same area with no island before
NASA satellite images show that the eruption in the Red Sea in the Zubair archipelago has produced a new island. The island is circular, about 500 m wide and located about 1 km north of Rugged Island. It consists of fresh probably basaltic lava flows and an active vent seems to be in its center.
A large steam plume, generated by evaporating sea water at the entry of lava flows into the sea is seen on the satellite image, drifting north.
The island has apparently passed through an explosive Surtseyan phase very quickly, probably because the erupting basalt lava was poor in gas and because the output rate was high, so that the vent could be sealed from water access in short time.
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Links / Sources:
Previous news
MODIS thermal image of the area of the reported eruption (the Zubair islands are in the center). No hot spot is visible, which could indicate either the eruption was extremely short and small, or there was another cause of the report.
Wednesday, Dec 21, 2011
(update 21 Dec:) ... [more]

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