Batur volcano

Caldera 1717 m (5,633 ft)
Bali, Indonesien, -8.24°S / 115.38°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Last update: 10 Oct 2018

Batur is the most active volcano on the popular tourist island of Bali and one of Inondesia's more active ones. During the past centuries, Batur has had a number of small eruptions every few years. Thanks to the scenic beauty of the caldera with its lake and the cone of Batur, it is one of Bali's most popular destinations.

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Typical eruption style: Mildly explosive, sometimes emission of lava flows.
Batur volcano eruptions: 1804, 1821, 1847(?), 1849, 1854, 1888, 1897, 1904, 1921, 1922, 1924, 1925, 1926, 1963-64, 1965, 1966, 1968, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1976(?), 1994, 1998, 1999-2000

TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Friday, October 15, 2021 22:38 GMT (4 earthquakes)
Oct 16, 2021 6:38 am (GMT +8) (Oct 15, 2021 22:38 GMT)
4.2

283 km
40 km (25 mi)
Bali Sea, 43 km northeast of Singaraja, Bali, Indonesia
Oct 16, 2021 4:31 am (GMT +8) (Oct 15, 2021 20:31 GMT)
2.7

10 km
8.3 km (5.2 mi)
48 km northeast of Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
Oct 16, 2021 4:22 am (GMT +8) (Oct 15, 2021 20:22 GMT)
3.6

11 km
8.8 km (5.5 mi)
45 km northeast of Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
Oct 16, 2021 4:18 am (GMT +8) (Oct 15, 2021 20:18 GMT)
5.1

10 km
15 km (9.3 mi)
43 km northeast of Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
Thursday, October 14, 2021 04:21 GMT (1 earthquake)
Oct 14, 2021 12:21 pm (GMT +8) (Oct 14, 2021 04:21 GMT)
3.1

243 km
47 km (29 mi)
Bali Sea, 32 km northeast of Karangasem, Bali, Indonesia

Background

The volcano is located at the center of two concentric calderas NW of Agung volcano. The outer 10 x 13.5 km wide caldera was formed during eruption of the Bali (or Ubud) Ignimbrite about 29,300 years ago and now contains a caldera lake on its SE side, opposite the satellitic cone of 2152-m-high Gunung Abang, the topographic high of the Batur complex.
The inner 6.4 x 9.4 km wide caldera was formed about 20,150 years ago during eruption of the Gunungkawi Ignimbrite. The SE wall of the inner caldera lies beneath Lake Batur; Batur cone has been constructed within the inner caldera to a height above the outer caldera rim. The 1717-m-high Batur stratovolcano has produced vents over much of the inner caldera, but a NE-SW fissure system has localized the Batur I, II, and III craters along the summit ridge.

Historical eruptions have been characterized by mild-to-moderate explosive activity sometimes accompanied by lava emission. Basaltic lava flows from both summit and flank vents have reached the caldera floor and the shores of Lake Batur in historical time.
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Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institution

Batur Photos

View of Batur volcano (1,717 m) from the peak of Agung (3,142 m) at night. (Photo: Anton Jankovoy)
View of Batur volcano (1,717 m) from the peak of Agung (3,142 m) at night. (Photo: Anton Jankovoy)
Mount Batur volcano in Bali (Photo: Ivana Dorn)
Mount Batur volcano in Bali (Photo: Ivana Dorn)
Batur caldera lake (Photo: Uwe Ehlers / geoart.eu)
Batur caldera lake (Photo: Uwe Ehlers / geoart.eu)
Batur caldera lake (Photo: Uwe Ehlers / geoart.eu)
Batur caldera lake (Photo: Uwe Ehlers / geoart.eu)
 



See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
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Links and further information

Geology of Batur volcano / www.vsi.esdm.go.id/volcanoes/batur/geology.html
A brief description with photographs of Batur's geology on the server of the Volcanological Survey of Indonesia
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