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Earthquakes and subsidence of the Bardarbunga caldera since 12 Sep (Icelandic Met Office)
Tuesday, Nov 25, 2014
The eruption at Holuhraun continues strongly. The only apparent change is that during the past days, the intensity of lava output seems to be less stable and fluctuating. ... [more]
The lava lake inside Baugur crater at Holuhraun
Monday, Nov 17, 2014
Winter conditions continue to make it difficult to study the fissure eruption at Holuhraun. Rare opportunities for visual observation however revealed that the Baugur crater ceased to eject tall lava fountains and transformed into an elongated, boiling lava lake. Magma seems to be welling up in this lava lake at the same effusion rate as early November. The two images accompanying this update are snapshots from a stunning video recently shot by Jon Gustafson. ... [more]

Bardarbunga volcano

Stratovolcano approx. 2000 m / ca. 6,560 ft
Iceland, 64.63°N / -17.53°W
Current status: erupting (4 out of 5)
Bardarbunga webcams / live data
Last update: 25 Nov 2014
Typical eruption style: Large effusive eruptions, some explosive activity.
Bardarbunga volcano eruptions: 1080(?), 1159(?), ca. 1210, ca. 1270, ca. 1350, ca. 1410(?), 1477 (very large effusive-explosive eruption), 1697, 1702, 1706, 1712, 1716, 1717, 1720, 1726, 1729, 1739, 1750, 1766, 1769, 1797, 1807(?), 1862-64, 1872(?), 1902-03, 1910, 2014
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Tue, 25 Nov
Tue, 25 Nov 21:00 UTCM 3.8 / 1.1 km6 km5.0 km NE of Bárðarbunga
Tue, 25 Nov 20:57 UTCM 1.0 / 1.1 km6 km5.3 km NE of Bárðarbunga
Tue, 25 Nov 20:55 UTCM 2.0 / 1.1 km5 km4.5 km NE of Bárðarbunga
Tue, 25 Nov 20:48 UTCM 1.2 / 3.5 km8 km6.7 km NE of Bárðarbunga
Tue, 25 Nov 20:42 UTCM 0.5 / 1.9 km8 km7.1 km ENE of Bárðarbunga
View all recent quakes
Bardarbunga (Bárðarbunga) is a large central volcano lying underneath Iceland's 500-m thick Vatnajokull glacier in the center of the country. It is located at the junction between the eastern and northern volcanic rift zones in the area where the present-day center of the mantle hot spot beneath Iceland is thought to be.
Bardarbunga has had about 300-400 eruptions during the past 10,000 years which includes only 23 eruptions historic times (approx the past 1000 years), i.e. it seems to erupt currently at rates of approx. twice per century, the last one having occurred in 1910. A massive explosive-effusive eruption (VEI 6) in 1477 resulted in a large ash and pumice fall-out deposit.
Approx 8600 years ago, Bardarbunga produced the largest known lava flow during the past 10,000 years on earth (more than 21 cubic kilometers of volume). The lava was erupted from the Veidivötn fissure system and traveled more than 100 km to the south coast.

Background:

The volcano is hidden beneath the northwestern part of the Vatnajökull glacier, and contains a 700-m-deep caldera that is hidden beneath ice and has extensive flank fissures, from where eruptions have taken place: the Veidivötn fissure extends for over 100 km to the SW, almost reaching Torfajökull volcano, while the Trollagigar fissure extends 50 km to the NE touching Askja volcano.

A major risk from Bárdarbunga are jökulhlaups (glacier-outburst floods), that can be hazardous for areas in all directions around Bárdarbunga.

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