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LANDSAT 8 false colour image from NASA (15 Oct. 2014) can be helpful in distinguishing new advances. The lava outlines are from 12 Oct. (yellow lines) but a new lava stream has protruded southwards and the lava field has extended towards north (image: Institute of Earth Sciences)
Thursday, Oct 16, 2014
The eruption continues from the Holuhraun fissure with an amazing lava output at approx. 350 cubic meters per second. A large lava pond has formed over the merged main craters on the central part of the fissure, from where a river of lava flows into the plain. ... [more]
Updated map of the lava flows as of 9 Oct (Univ. Iceland / IMO)
Monday, Oct 13, 2014
During the past days, the eruption has continued at similar intensity and with similar lava effusion rates as before. The flow field continues to expand mainly to the north and east and cover now more than 55 square kilometers, with an estimated volume of approx. 0.77 cubic km. ... [more]

Bardarbunga volcano

Stratovolcano approx. 2000 m / ca. 6,560 ft
Iceland, 64.63°N / -17.53°W
Current status: erupting (4 out of 5)
Bardarbunga webcams / live data
Last update: 16 Oct 2014
Typical eruption style: Large effusive eruptions, some explosive activity.
Bardarbunga volcano eruptions: 1080(?), 1159(?), ca. 1210, ca. 1270, ca. 1350, ca. 1410(?), 1477 (very large effusive-explosive eruption), 1697, 1702, 1706, 1712, 1716, 1717, 1720, 1726, 1729, 1739, 1750, 1766, 1769, 1797, 1807(?), 1862-64, 1872(?), 1902-03, 1910, 2014
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Mon, 20 Oct
Mon, 20 Oct 09:31 UTCM 0.9 / 11.4 km9 km7.6 km N of Bárðarbunga
Mon, 20 Oct 09:21 UTCM 0.7 / 1.1 km8 km7.6 km ENE of Bárðarbunga
Mon, 20 Oct 09:04 UTCM 1.3 / 1.1 km6 km4.5 km N of Bárðarbunga
Mon, 20 Oct 08:59 UTCM 1.6 / 1.1 km8 km7.0 km NE of Bárðarbunga
Mon, 20 Oct 08:56 UTCM 1.1 / 1.1 km6 km5.0 km NNE of Bárðarbunga
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Bardarbunga (Bárðarbunga) is a large central volcano lying underneath Iceland's 500-m thick Vatnajokull glacier in the center of the country. It is located at the junction between the eastern and northern volcanic rift zones in the area where the present-day center of the mantle hot spot beneath Iceland is thought to be.
Bardarbunga has had about 300-400 eruptions during the past 10,000 years which includes only 23 eruptions historic times (approx the past 1000 years), i.e. it seems to erupt currently at rates of approx. twice per century, the last one having occurred in 1910. A massive explosive-effusive eruption (VEI 6) in 1477 resulted in a large ash and pumice fall-out deposit.
Approx 8600 years ago, Bardarbunga produced the largest known lava flow during the past 10,000 years on earth (more than 21 cubic kilometers of volume). The lava was erupted from the Veidivötn fissure system and traveled more than 100 km to the south coast.

Background:

The volcano is hidden beneath the northwestern part of the Vatnajökull glacier, and contains a 700-m-deep caldera that is hidden beneath ice and has extensive flank fissures, from where eruptions have taken place: the Veidivötn fissure extends for over 100 km to the SW, almost reaching Torfajökull volcano, while the Trollagigar fissure extends 50 km to the NE touching Askja volcano.

A major risk from Bárdarbunga are jökulhlaups (glacier-outburst floods), that can be hazardous for areas in all directions around Bárdarbunga.

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