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The lava lake inside Baugur crater at Holuhraun
Monday, Nov 17, 2014
Winter conditions continue to make it difficult to study the fissure eruption at Holuhraun. Rare opportunities for visual observation however revealed that the Baugur crater ceased to eject tall lava fountains and transformed into an elongated, boiling lava lake. Magma seems to be welling up in this lava lake at the same effusion rate as early November. The two images accompanying this update are snapshots from a stunning video recently shot by Jon Gustafson. ... [more]
The latest map showing the extent of the lava flow as estimated from radar images. The lava now covers 69,9 km²  (69,5 km² + 0,4 km²). Analysis by the Institute of Earth Sciences (IES).
Sunday, Nov 09, 2014
The volcanic eruption at Holuhraun gives no signs of weakening and continues to eject an impressive lava fountain from the central Baugur crater at a rate similar to the past few weeks. This record-breaking eruption started on the 31st of August 2014 and formed a more than 17 km long lava flow. Using the successive outlines of this lava flow as drawn on a radar image from the Icelandic Coast Guard, researchers from the Institute of Earth Sciences estimated that by now the lava has covered an area of 70 km². ... [more]

Bardarbunga volcano

Stratovolcano approx. 2000 m / ca. 6,560 ft
Iceland, 64.63°N / -17.53°W
Current status: erupting (4 out of 5)
Bardarbunga webcams / live data
Last update: 17 Nov 2014
Typical eruption style: Large effusive eruptions, some explosive activity.
Bardarbunga volcano eruptions: 1080(?), 1159(?), ca. 1210, ca. 1270, ca. 1350, ca. 1410(?), 1477 (very large effusive-explosive eruption), 1697, 1702, 1706, 1712, 1716, 1717, 1720, 1726, 1729, 1739, 1750, 1766, 1769, 1797, 1807(?), 1862-64, 1872(?), 1902-03, 1910, 2014
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Sun, 23 Nov
Sun, 23 Nov 23:52 UTCM 1.0 / 1.1 km6 km4.5 km NNE of Bárðarbunga
Sun, 23 Nov 23:48 UTCM 1.6 / 1.1 km7 km6.6 km NE of Bárðarbunga
Sun, 23 Nov 23:47 UTCM 1.6 / 1.1 km5 km4.3 km NE of Bárðarbunga
Sun, 23 Nov 23:24 UTCM 1.4 / 0.7 km7 km6.1 km NE of Bárðarbunga
Sun, 23 Nov 22:44 UTCM 1.2 / 12 km21 km17.3 km ENE of Kistufell
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Bardarbunga (Bárðarbunga) is a large central volcano lying underneath Iceland's 500-m thick Vatnajokull glacier in the center of the country. It is located at the junction between the eastern and northern volcanic rift zones in the area where the present-day center of the mantle hot spot beneath Iceland is thought to be.
Bardarbunga has had about 300-400 eruptions during the past 10,000 years which includes only 23 eruptions historic times (approx the past 1000 years), i.e. it seems to erupt currently at rates of approx. twice per century, the last one having occurred in 1910. A massive explosive-effusive eruption (VEI 6) in 1477 resulted in a large ash and pumice fall-out deposit.
Approx 8600 years ago, Bardarbunga produced the largest known lava flow during the past 10,000 years on earth (more than 21 cubic kilometers of volume). The lava was erupted from the Veidivötn fissure system and traveled more than 100 km to the south coast.

Background:

The volcano is hidden beneath the northwestern part of the Vatnajökull glacier, and contains a 700-m-deep caldera that is hidden beneath ice and has extensive flank fissures, from where eruptions have taken place: the Veidivötn fissure extends for over 100 km to the SW, almost reaching Torfajökull volcano, while the Trollagigar fissure extends 50 km to the NE touching Askja volcano.

A major risk from Bárdarbunga are jökulhlaups (glacier-outburst floods), that can be hazardous for areas in all directions around Bárdarbunga.

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