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Map of earthquakes at Bardabunga volcano (26 Jan)
Saturday, Jan 26, 2013
Earthquakes at shallow depths (around 5 km) continue at reduced rate. [more]
Map of rencent quakes under Bardabunga volcano
Wednesday, Jan 23, 2013
An earthquake swarm at depths between 2-10 km about 8 km NE of Bardabunga volcano under the Vatnajökull icecap has started. ... [more]

Bárdarbunga volcano

Stratovolcano ca. 2000 m (ca. 6,560 ft)
Iceland, 64.63°N / -17.53°W
Current status: restless (2 out of 5)
Bárdarbunga webcams / live data
Last update: 5 Jul 2013
Typical eruption style: Large effusive eruptions, some explosive activity.
Bárdarbunga volcano eruptions: 1080(?), 1159(?), ca. 1210, ca. 1270, ca. 1350, ca. 1410(?), 1477 (very large effusive-explosive eruption), 1697, 1702, 1706, 1712, 1716, 1717, 1720, 1726, 1729, 1739, 1750, 1766, 1769, 1797, 1807(?), 1862-64, 1872(?), 1902-03
Last earthquakes nearby:
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Sun, 20 Apr
Sun, 20 Apr 10:48 UTCM 0.8 / 5 km17 km17.6 km NNE of Grímsfjall
Sun, 20 Apr 09:37 UTCM 1.1 / 3.8 km12 km10.7 km SW of Kistufell
Sun, 20 Apr 07:42 UTCM 0.8 / 5.8 km1 km2.5 km WNW of Grímsfjall
Sat, 19 Apr
Sat, 19 Apr 22:49 UTCM 0.6 / 10.7 km18 km4.9 km SW of Kistufell
Sat, 19 Apr 15:20 UTCM 0.8 / 9.3 km10 km13.1 km NW of Grímsfjall
View all recent quakes
Bárdarbunga, a large central volcano, had its last major eruption in 1477 when it produced a large ash and pumice fall-out deposit. It also produced the largest known lava flow during the past 10,000 years on earth (more than 21 cubic kilometers of volume).


The volcano is hidden beneath the northwestern part of the Vatnajökull glacier, and contains a 700-m-deep caldera that is hidden beneath ice and has extensive flank fissures, from where eruptions have taken place: the Veidivötn fissure extends for over 100 km to the SW, almost reaching Torfajökull volcano, while the Trollagigar fissure extends 50 km to the NE touching Askja volcano.

A major risk from Bárdarbunga are jökulhlaups (glacier-outburst floods), that can be hazardous for areas in all directions around Bárdarbunga.

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