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In this photo released by the civil defense unit of the state government of Jalisco, the eruption plume from the initial stage of the powerful vulcanian explosion at Colima volcano on May 23, 2005, has been captured on film. The collapsing eruption column loaded with ash and rock fragments has not yet fully developed, but the flanks of the volcano are already covered by the impacts of ballistics. (AP Photo/Proteccion Civil del estado de Jalisco-HO)
In this photo released by the civil defense unit of the state government of Jalisco, the eruption plume from the initial stage of the powerful vulcanian explosion at Colima volcano on May 23, 2005, has been captured on film. The collapsing eruption column loaded with ash and rock fragments has not yet fully developed, but the flanks of the volcano are already covered by the impacts of ballistics. (AP Photo/Proteccion Civil del estado de Jalisco-HO)


Colima volcano
Stratovolcano 3850 m / 12,631 ft
Western Mexico, 19.51°N / -103.62°W

Colima webcams / live data
Colima volcano eruptions:
1519, 1560, 1576, 1585, 1590, 1602(?), 1606, 1611-1613, 1622, 1690, 1711, 1743(?), 1744, 1749(?),1769, 1770, 1771, 1780, 1794, 1795, 1804, 1806-1809, 1818, 1819, 1866, 1869, 1870-71, 1872-73, 1874, 1875-78, 1879-80, 1880-81, 1882-84, 1885-1886, 1887, 1889-90, 1890, 1891-92, 1893-1902, 1903, 1904-1906, 1908-09, 1913, 1926-1931(?), 1941(?), 1957-1960, 1961-62, 1963-70, 1973(?), 1975-76, 1977-1982, 1983(?), 1985-86, 1987, 1988(?), 1991, 1994, 1997-2011, 2013
Typical eruption style:
Dominantly explosive. Construction of lava domes, vulcanian eruptions and strombolian activity. In near-constant activity since 1994.
Last earthquakes nearby

Volcano news: Colima Volcano (Mexico)

latest (2015) | 2014 | Feb-Dec 2013 | archive
Fri, 27 Mar 19:45
Pyroclastic flow from Colima this morning
Strong explosions continue to occur. An eruption at 08:20 local time this morning produced several pyroclastic flows that traveled down the western flank of the volcano: ...more
Tue, 24 Mar 18:59
Eruption at Colima volcano this morning (photo: Hernando Rivera)
The volcano continues to produce sometimes strong vulcanian-type explosions that seem to have picked up in strength over the past days. ...more
Fri, 20 Mar 15:43
Explosion at Colima this morning
Intermittent explosions and ash emissions continue, but at lower frequency and intensity as during the previous weeks. ...more
Fri, 13 Mar 09:37
Eruption of Colima around 1 am on 12 March (photo: Hernando Rivera)
The volcano continues to be highly active, producing intermittent explosions of various size. ...more
Sat, 7 Mar 19:44
A selection of night-time photos of eruptions observed from the west and north of Colima volcano during 22-28 Feb.
Wed, 4 Mar 16:46
Ash eruption from Colima this morning
Activity remains similar as during the past week when we observed it from close - intermittent small to moderate explosions producing ash plumes of 1-2 km height. During our last overflight on Saturday, we could see that the lava dome had disappeared, likely a result of the recent explosions.
Sat, 28 Feb 22:02
Starry sky and large explosive eruption of Colima, photograph by Hernando Rivera.
Dr Tom Pfeiffer is part of a volcano filming expedition in Mexico at the moment. They have been observing Colima volcano over the past few days. ...more [read all]
Thu, 19 Feb 17:59
Explosion from Colima this morning
The volcano remains active with explosions from the summit crater, but its activity has been decreasing a bit. In a report by the Civil Protection, the lava dome is said to have been partially destroyed by the recent explosions, leaving a crater of about 140 m diameter.
Tue, 17 Feb 12:10
Explosion at Colima yesterday evening
Explosive activity remains elevated. At intervals of tens of minutes to few hours, small to moderate vulcanian explosions occur, often producing ash plumes rising 1-2 km above the crater.
Explosion in the evening
Tue, 10 Feb 17:39
Eruption of Colima this morning (webcams de Mexico image)
A small vulcanian-type explosion this morning produced a beautiful, vertical ash column rising approx. 2 km (no wind).

Show more news

latest (2015) | 2014 | Feb-Dec 2013 | archive

Background:

Colima volcano is one of the most active in Central America and one of the potentially most dangerous ones. It has had more than 30 periods of eruptions since 1585, including several significant eruptions in the late 1990s. Scientific monitoring of the volcano began 20 years ago. 


The Colima volcanic complex is the most prominent volcanic center of the western Mexican Volcanic Belt.  It consists of two southward-younging volcanoes, Nevado de Colima (the 4320 m high point of the complex) on the north and the 3850-m-high historically active Volcán de Colima at the south. 


A group of cinder cones of probable late-Pleistocene age is located on the floor of the Colima graben west and east of the Colima complex. Volcán de Colima (also known as Volcán Fuego) is a youthful stratovolcano constructed within a 5-km-wide caldera, breached to the south, that has been the source of large debris avalanches.  Major slope failures have occurred repeatedly from both the Nevado and Colima cones, and have produced a thick apron of debris-avalanche deposits on three sides of the complex.  Frequent historical eruptions date back to the 16th century.  Occasional major explosive eruptions (most recently in 1913) have destroyed the summit and left a deep, steep-sided crater that was slowly refilled and then overtopped by lava dome growth.


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Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institute - Colima information


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