In this photo released by the civil defense unit of the state government of Jalisco, the eruption plume from the initial stage of the powerful vulcanian explosion at Colima volcano on May 23, 2005, has been captured on film. The collapsing eruption column loaded with ash and rock fragments has not yet fully developed, but the flanks of the volcano are already covered by the impacts of ballistics. (AP Photo/Proteccion Civil del estado de Jalisco-HO)
Stratovolcano 3850 m / 12,631 ft
Western Mexico, 19.51°N / -103.62°W
Colima webcams / live data
Colima volcano eruptions:
1519, 1560, 1576, 1585, 1590, 1602(?), 1606, 1611-1613, 1622, 1690, 1711, 1743(?), 1744, 1749(?),1769, 1770, 1771, 1780, 1794, 1795, 1804, 1806-1809, 1818, 1819, 1866, 1869, 1870-71, 1872-73, 1874, 1875-78, 1879-80, 1880-81, 1882-84, 1885-1886, 1887, 1889-90, 1890, 1891-92, 1893-1902, 1903, 1904-1906, 1908-09, 1913, 1926-1931(?), 1941(?), 1957-1960, 1961-62, 1963-70, 1973(?), 1975-76, 1977-1982, 1983(?), 1985-86, 1987, 1988(?), 1991, 1994, 1997-2011, 2013
Typical eruption style:
Dominantly explosive. Construction of lava domes, vulcanian eruptions and strombolian activity. In near-constant activity since 1994.
Last earthquakes nearby
Sunday, Sep 21, 2014
Viscous lava flow on Colima's SW flank on 20 Sep 2014 (photo: Juan Carlos Gavilanes Ruiz / facebook)
The volcano's activity has picked up again recently. A new viscous lava flow has started to descend on the volcano's SW flank. ...more
Saturday, Sep 06, 2014
Steam plume from Colima volcano yesterday (image: @tapirofoto)
Although not making headlines, the volcano has remained quite active during the past months. The attached photo by Tapiro (@tapirofoto / twitter
, taken yesterday morning, shows intense degassing at the volcano with possibly some ash in the plume.
Thursday, Apr 10, 2014
Incandescent avalanche at Colima on 4 April (photo: Sergio Tapiro Velasc)
Weak explosive and effusive activity continues at the slowly growing viscous lava dome of the volcano. Occasionally, explosions and/or small rockfalls from the dome produce incandescent avalanches that reach 1-2 km distance on the steep slope.
Thursday, Mar 20, 2014
Forcasted ash from Colima volcano (VAAC Washington)
The volcano produced a series of small ash puffs last night (23:00 GMT). VAAC Washington alerted of low ash plumes beneath flight level 150 (15,000 ft / 4.5 km altitude) drifting east from the volcano.
Tuesday, Mar 11, 2014
Aerial view of Colima volcano on 7 March, showing the viscous lava dome at the summit (photo: Proteccion Civil Jalisco Uepcbj / facebook)
Mild effusive and explosive activity continue at the volcano. A recent overflight made by the Civil Protection's fire fighting department of Jalisco (UEPCBJ) showed no significant changes in the summit area of the volcano. A flat mass of viscous lava is slowly extruding and overspilling on the western and southern sides of the upper cone, causing incandescent avalanches sometimes visible at night. Intermittent explosions with ash emission also continue to occur.
Wednesday, Jan 22, 2014
Colima's western flank seen during an overflight a week ago (Unidad Estatal de Protección Civil y Bomberos, Jalisco)
The volcano produces small explosions (reportedly 7-12 daily) generating small ash plumes up to about 1 km high. ...more
Colima volcano is one of the most active in Central America and one of the potentially most dangerous ones. It has had more than 30 periods of eruptions since 1585, including several significant eruptions in the late 1990s. Scientific monitoring of the volcano began 20 years ago.
The Colima volcanic complex is the most prominent volcanic center of the western Mexican Volcanic Belt. It consists of two southward-younging volcanoes, Nevado de Colima (the 4320 m high point of the complex) on the north and the 3850-m-high historically active Volcán de Colima at the south.
A group of cinder cones of probable late-Pleistocene age is located on the floor of the Colima graben west and east of the Colima complex. Volcán de Colima (also known as Volcán Fuego) is a youthful stratovolcano constructed within a 5-km-wide caldera, breached to the south, that has been the source of large debris avalanches. Major slope failures have occurred repeatedly from both the Nevado and Colima cones, and have produced a thick apron of debris-avalanche deposits on three sides of the complex. Frequent historical eruptions date back to the 16th century. Occasional major explosive eruptions (most recently in 1913) have destroyed the summit and left a deep, steep-sided crater that was slowly refilled and then overtopped by lava dome growth.
Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institute - Colima information
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Definition of a volcano
: A volcano is the term for any place on the surface of the earth, where hot molten rock (magma) reaches the surface.