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In this photo released by the civil defense unit of the state government of Jalisco, the eruption plume from the initial stage of the powerful vulcanian explosion at Colima volcano on May 23, 2005, has been captured on film. The collapsing eruption column loaded with ash and rock fragments has not yet fully developed, but the flanks of the volcano are already covered by the impacts of ballistics. (AP Photo/Proteccion Civil del estado de Jalisco-HO)
In this photo released by the civil defense unit of the state government of Jalisco, the eruption plume from the initial stage of the powerful vulcanian explosion at Colima volcano on May 23, 2005, has been captured on film. The collapsing eruption column loaded with ash and rock fragments has not yet fully developed, but the flanks of the volcano are already covered by the impacts of ballistics. (AP Photo/Proteccion Civil del estado de Jalisco-HO)


Colima volcano
Stratovolcano 3850 m / 12,631 ft
Western Mexico, 19.51°N / -103.62°W

Colima webcams / live data
Colima volcano videos
Colima volcano eruptions:
1519, 1560, 1576, 1585, 1590, 1602(?), 1606, 1611-1613, 1622, 1690, 1711, 1743(?), 1744, 1749(?),1769, 1770, 1771, 1780, 1794, 1795, 1804, 1806-1809, 1818, 1819, 1866, 1869, 1870-71, 1872-73, 1874, 1875-78, 1879-80, 1880-81, 1882-84, 1885-1886, 1887, 1889-90, 1890, 1891-92, 1893-1902, 1903, 1904-1906, 1908-09, 1913, 1926-1931(?), 1941(?), 1957-1960, 1961-62, 1963-70, 1973(?), 1975-76, 1977-1982, 1983(?), 1985-86, 1987, 1988(?), 1991, 1994, 1997-2011, 2013-ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Dominantly explosive. Construction of lava domes, vulcanian eruptions and strombolian activity. In near-constant activity since 1994.
Last earthquakes nearby

latest (2015) | 2014 | Feb-Dec 2013 | archive
Wed, 22 Jul 2015, 15:30
Steam plume from Colima and a small rockfall
Effusive activity seems to have dropped significantly. The lava flow we observed on the southern side last week is much less active and might be stagnant. ...more
Fri, 17 Jul 2015, 12:35
Archive photograph showing explosive activity of Colima volcano in February 2015, with the city lights of Colima in the background.
Activity remains exclusively effusive, and overall seems to be decreasing. The lava flow on the southern flank continues to advance slowly, approx. 200 meters per day. Rockfalls from other areas of the crater have been more rare than during the previous day. ...more [read all]
Fri, 17 Jul 2015, 00:28
Archive photograph of fuming Colima volcano with the city of Colima in the background, February 2015.
Activity remains exclusively effusive, and overall seems to be decreasing. The lava flow on the southern flank continues to advance slowly, approx. 200 meters per day. Rockfalls from other areas of the crater have been more rare than during the previous day. ...more [read all]
Thu, 16 Jul 2015, 00:24
Colima last night with the active lava flow on the southern side
Activity at the volcano has been relatively calm. No more significant explosions nor pyroclastic flows were observed during the past 24 hours, but the lava flow on the southern side continues to advance slowly, accompanied by occasional smaller and larger incandescent rockfalls. ...more [read all]
Mon, 13 Jul 2015, 22:36
Ash explosion from Colima today
The volcano's activity at least seems to have quieted down and changed in style, now producing less rock avalanches and pyroclastic flows (as result of lava extrusion and overspilling), but more intermittent explosions. ...more [read all]
Fri, 10 Jul 2015, 19:21
Pyroclastic flow from Colima this afternoon
A new eruptive phase has started at the volcano earlier this month. A new lava dome started to grow quickly in the summit crater and has been producing frequent explosions, glowing avalanches and pyroclastic flows (video): ...more
Wed, 3 Jun 2015, 21:39
Strong explosion at Colima this morning (webcams de Mexico)
Explosions of various sizes continue to occur from the volcano's summit vent. A particularly spectacular one this morning around 06:10 local time showered the summit cone with incandescent material and triggered small pyroclastic flows: ...more
Sun, 24 May 2015, 03:05
Eruption at Colima last evening (local time)
Explosions continue to occur from time to time. On 16 May an ash plume rose from Colima to an altitude of 5.5 km (18,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 95 km ESE before dissipating. ...more
Sun, 3 May 2015, 23:37
Eruption from Colima yesterday
Explosions continue to occur, but have decreased in intensity and frequency.
Tue, 31 Mar 2015, 18:03
Eruption of Colima volcano yesterday night (photo: Hernando Rivera)
The volcano continues to produce strong vulcanian-type explosions, with ash plumes rising 2-3 km above the volcano.

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latest (2015) | 2014 | Feb-Dec 2013 | archive

Colima volcano is one of the most active in Central America and one of the potentially most dangerous ones. It has had more than 30 periods of eruptions since 1585, including several significant eruptions in the late 1990s. Scientific monitoring of the volcano began 20 years ago. 


The Colima volcanic complex is the most prominent volcanic center of the western Mexican Volcanic Belt.  It consists of two southward-younging volcanoes, Nevado de Colima (the 4320 m high point of the complex) on the north and the 3850-m-high historically active Volcán de Colima at the south. 


A group of cinder cones of probable late-Pleistocene age is located on the floor of the Colima graben west and east of the Colima complex. Volcán de Colima (also known as Volcán Fuego) is a youthful stratovolcano constructed within a 5-km-wide caldera, breached to the south, that has been the source of large debris avalanches.  Major slope failures have occurred repeatedly from both the Nevado and Colima cones, and have produced a thick apron of debris-avalanche deposits on three sides of the complex.  Frequent historical eruptions date back to the 16th century.  Occasional major explosive eruptions (most recently in 1913) have destroyed the summit and left a deep, steep-sided crater that was slowly refilled and then overtopped by lava dome growth.


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Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institute - Colima information


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