Etna volcan

Mise à jour: 6 juil.. 2022 04:41 GMT - Refresh
Complex stratovolcano Currently about 3329 m (changing due to eruptive activity and collapse of its crater rims)
Sicily, Italy, 37.75°N / 14.99°E
Condition actuelle: en éruption (4 sur 5)
Last update: 22 juin 2022 (Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report)
Eruption from Mt Etna volcano (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Eruption from Mt Etna volcano (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)

Mt Etna on Sicily, locally called "Mongibello", is Europe's largest and most active volcano. Its frequent eruptions are often accompanied by large lava flows, but rarely pose danger to inhabited areas. Etna is one of the volcanoes with the longest historic records of eruptions, going back more than 2000 years.

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Style éruptif tipique: Effusive (lava flows) and mildly explosive (strombolian) eruptions. Both summit and frequent flank eruptions, the latter seem to be occurring in clusters lasting few to a few tens of years.
Eruptions du volcan Etna: Near continuously active; some major historic eruptions include 122 BC (large Plinian outbursts that created the small caldera of the "Cratere del Piano"), 1669 AD (devastating flank eruption that destroyed 15 villages and part of Catania), 1787 (Subplinian eruption and one of the most spectacular summit eruptions on record - lava fountains reportedly up to 3000 m high).
Eruptions since 1950 (f: flank / s: summit activity): 1950 (s), 1950-51(f), 1955 (s), 1956 (s), 1956 (f), 1957 (s),1960 (s), 1961 (s), 1964 (f), 1964 (s), 1966 (s), 1966-1971(s), 1968 (f), 1971(f), 1972-1973 (s), 1974 (f), 1974-1975 (s), 1975-1977 (f), 1977-1978 (s), 1978 (f), 1979(s), 1979 (f), 1980 (s), 1981 (s), 1981 (f),1982-1983 (s), 1983(f), 1984(s), 1985(s), 1985(f), 1986(s), 1986-1987 (f), 1987(s), 1988(s), 1989(s), 1989(f), 1990 (s), 1991-93(f), 1995(s), 1996(s), 1997 (s), 1998 (s), 1999 (s), 2000 (s), 2001(s), 2001 (f), 2002(s), 2002-03(f), 2004-2005 (f), 2006 (s), 2007 (s), 2008-2009 (f), 2010(s), 2011-2013(s), 2014-18, 2018(f), 2019-ongoing (s)
Derniers séismes proches:
HeureMag. / ProfondeurDistance/Lieu
mardi, 5 juillet 2022 GMT (1 séisme)
5 juil. 2022 19:00 (GMT +2) (5 juil.. 2022 17:00 GMT)
1.6

6.7 km
6.3 km (3.9 mi)
11 km au nord-ouest de Giarre, Province de Catane, Sicile, Italie
dimanche, 3 juillet 2022 GMT (1 séisme)
3 juil. 2022 13:14 (GMT +2) (3 juil.. 2022 11:14 GMT)
1.5

0.2 km
1 km (0.6 mi)
17 km au nord-est de Adrano, Province de Catane, Sicile, Italie
mardi, 28 juin 2022 GMT (1 séisme)
28 juin 2022 16:19 (GMT +2) (28 juin. 2022 14:19 GMT)
1.9

17 km
16 km (9.9 mi)
7.7 km à l'ouest de Acireale, Province de Catane, Sicile, Italie
samedi, 25 juin 2022 GMT (1 séisme)
25 juin 2022 15:18 (GMT +2) (25 juin. 2022 13:18 GMT)
2.0

33 km
32 km (20 mi)
22 km au sud-ouest de Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto, Italie
vendredi, 24 juin 2022 GMT (1 séisme)
24 juin 2022 03:38 (GMT +2) (24 juin. 2022 01:38 GMT)
1.9

7.9 km
9.8 km (6.1 mi)
12 km au nord-ouest de Acireale, Province de Catane, Sicile, Italie

Introduction

Mount Etna, towering above Catania, Sicily's second largest city, has one of the world's longest documented records of historical volcanism, dating back to 1500 BC. Historical lava flows cover much of the surface of this massive volcano, which makes it the highest and most voluminous in Italy. Ever since ancient times, the volcano seems to have been in near-constant activity. It is considered, after Kilauea on Hawaii, the second most active, i.e. productive volcano on earth.
Two styles of eruptive activity typically occur at Etna: (1) persistent explosive eruptions, sometimes with minor lava emissions, from one or more of the 4 prominent summit craters, the Bocca Nova, Voragine (the former Central Crater), NE Crater, and SE Crater (the latter formed in 1978). (2) Flank eruptions, typically with higher effusion rates, are less frequent and originate from fissures that open on the volcano's flanks. Such flank eruptions, such as the spectacular recent ones in 2001 and 2002-03 commonly form cinder cones, that dot the volcano in their hundreds.

Etna Photos

Group on a narrow ledge that separates two vents on Etna volcano, Italy. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Group on a narrow ledge that separates two vents on Etna volcano, Italy. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Perfect steam ring from Etna volcano on 11 Nov 2013 (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Perfect steam ring from Etna volcano on 11 Nov 2013 (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Activité strombolienne du cratère SE en octobre 2006. Les lumières de Catane au fond. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Activité strombolienne du cratère SE en octobre 2006. Les lumières de Catane au fond. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
A magnificient moment of the lava fountain. This photo was also featured in National Geographic's article about Etna (Feb 2002 issue). (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
A magnificient moment of the lava fountain. This photo was also featured in National Geographic's article about Etna (Feb 2002 issue). (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
 



Voyages au volcan Etna :
Volcans d'Italie - le Grand Tour (15 jours d'expédition du Vésuve à l’Etna)
Etna Volcan Spécial (4/5 jours - expédition sur le volcan du mont Etna, Italie)
Etna Discovery (8-days hiking & study tour on Mt. Etna volcano, Italy)
Montagnes de Feu - du Stromboli à l'Etna (marche et voyage d'étude avec un volcanologue vers les volcans Etna, Vulcano, Lipari et Stromboli)

See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
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