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Latest news
Satellite image of Etna volcano on 24 Oct 2019
Thursday, Oct 24, 2019
Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Toulouse (VAAC) issued the following report: ... [meer...]
Saturday, Oct 19, 2019
Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Toulouse (VAAC) issued the following report: ... [meer...]

Location map of Italy's most active volcanoes (Etna, Stromboli, Vesuvius, Vulcano, Lipari, Campi Flegrei)
Location map of Italy's most active volcanoes (Etna, Stromboli, Vesuvius, Vulcano, Lipari, Campi Flegrei)

Snow-covered Etna volcano with the fresh lava flows from 2002/03
Snow-covered Etna volcano with the fresh lava flows from 2002/03

 

Etna vulkaan

Complex stratovulkaan Currently about 3329 m (changing due to eruptive activity and collapse of its crater rims)
Sicily, Italy, 37.75°N / 14.99°E
Current status: losbarstend (4 out of 5)
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Last update: 24 Oct 2019 (Volcanic Ash Advisory)
Typical eruption style: Effusive (lavastromen) en mild explosief (strombolian) uitbarstingen. Zowel top en frequente flank uitbarstingen, de laatste lijken te worden die zich in clusters duurzame paar tot een paar tientallen jaren.
Etna vulkaanuitbarstingen: Near continuously active; some major historic eruptions include 122 BC (large Plinian outbursts that created the small caldera of the "Cratere del Piano"), 1669 AD (devastating flank eruption that destroyed 15 villages and part of Catania), 1787 (Subplinian eruption and one of the most spectacular summit eruptions on record - lava fountains reportedly up to 3000 m high).
Eruptions since 1950 (f: flank / s: summit activity): 1950 (s), 1950-51(f), 1955 (s), 1956 (s), 1956 (f), 1957 (s),1960 (s), 1961 (s), 1964 (f), 1964 (s), 1966 (s), 1966-1971(s), 1968 (f), 1971(f), 1972-1973 (s), 1974 (f), 1974-1975 (s), 1975-1977 (f), 1977-1978 (s), 1978 (f), 1979(s), 1979 (f), 1980 (s), 1981 (s), 1981 (f),1982-1983 (s), 1983(f), 1984(s), 1985(s), 1985(f), 1986(s), 1986-1987 (f), 1987(s), 1988(s), 1989(s), 1989(f), 1990 (s), 1991-93(f), 1995(s), 1996(s), 1997 (s), 1998 (s), 1999 (s), 2000 (s), 2001(s), 2001 (f), 2002(s), 2002-03(f), 2004-2005 (f), 2006 (s), 2007 (s), 2008-2009 (f), 2010(s), 2011-2013(s), 2014-18, 2018(f), 2019 (s) Eruption from Mt Etna volcano (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
TijdMag. / DiepteAfstandLocatie
Tue, 12 Nov 2019
Tue, 12 Nov 07:00 UTCM 2.6 / 20 km4 kmSicily, Italy
Thu, 7 Nov 2019
Thu, 7 Nov 21:03 UTCM 0.9 / 2.5 km6 km1.0 km SE from M. Denza (CT) (Italy)
Thu, 7 Nov 14:15 UTCM 1.3 / 3.7 km8 km0.1 km NW from Monte Fontane (CT) (Italy)
Thu, 7 Nov 02:50 UTCM 0.9 / 0.4 km4 km1.6 km N from Monte Centenari (CT) (Italy)
Thu, 7 Nov 02:36 UTCM 1.1 / 3.7 km1 km1.4 km E from Crateri Centrali (CT) (Italy)
Bekijk alle recente aardbevingen
Mt Etna on Sicily, locally called "Mongibello", is Europe's largest and most active volcano. Its frequent eruptions are often accompanied by large lava flows, but rarely pose danger to inhabited areas. Etna is one of the volcanoes with the longest historic records of eruptions, going back more than 2000 years.

Background:

Mount Etna, towering above Catania, Sicily's second largest city, has one of the world's longest documented records of historical volcanism, dating back to 1500 BC. Historical lava flows cover much of the surface of this massive volcano, which makes it the highest and most voluminous in Italy. Ever since ancient times, the volcano seems to have been in near-constant activity. It is considered, after Kilauea on Hawaii, the second most active, i.e. productive volcano on earth.
Two styles of eruptive activity typically occur at Etna: (1) persistent explosive eruptions, sometimes with minor lava emissions, from one or more of the 4 prominent summit craters, the Bocca Nova, Voragine (the former Central Crater), NE Crater, and SE Crater (the latter formed in 1978). (2) Flank eruptions, typically with higher effusion rates, are less frequent and originate from fissures that open on the volcano's flanks. Such flank eruptions, such as the spectacular recent ones in 2001 and 2002-03 commonly form cinder cones, that dot the volcano in their hundreds.

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