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Locaton of Colima volcano
Locaton of Colima volcano

Latest news:
Viscous lava flow on Colima's SW flank on 20 Sep 2014 (photo: Juan Carlos Gavilanes Ruiz / facebook)
Sunday, Sep 21, 2014
The volcano's activity has picked up again recently. A new viscous lava flow has started to descend on the volcano's SW flank. ... [more]
Steam plume from Colima volcano yesterday (image: @tapirofoto)
Saturday, Sep 06, 2014
Although not making headlines, the volcano has remained quite active during the past months. The attached photo by Tapiro (@tapirofoto / twitter, taken yesterday morning, shows intense degassing at the volcano with possibly some ash in the plume. [more]


Colima volcano

Stratovolcano 3850 m / 12,631 ft
Western Mexico, 19.51°N / -103.62°W
Current status: erupting (4 out of 5)
Colima webcams / live data
Last update: 21 Sep 2014 (new lava flow on SW flank)
Typical eruption style: Dominantly explosive. Construction of lava domes, vulcanian eruptions and strombolian activity. In near-constant activity since 1994.
Colima volcano eruptions: 1519, 1560, 1576, 1585, 1590, 1602(?), 1606, 1611-1613, 1622, 1690, 1711, 1743(?), 1744, 1749(?),1769, 1770, 1771, 1780, 1794, 1795, 1804, 1806-1809, 1818, 1819, 1866, 1869, 1870-71, 1872-73, 1874, 1875-78, 1879-80, 1880-81, 1882-84, 1885-1886, 1887, 1889-90, 1890, 1891-92, 1893-1902, 1903, 1904-1906, 1908-09, 1913, 1926-1931(?), 1941(?), 1957-1960, 1961-62, 1963-70, 1973(?), 1975-76, 1977-1982, 1983(?), 1985-86, 1987, 1988(?), 1991, 1994, 1997-2011, 2013 No recent earthquakes
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Colima volcano is one of the most active in Central America and one of the potentially most dangerous ones. It has had more than 30 periods of eruptions since 1585, including several significant eruptions in the late 1990s. Scientific monitoring of the volcano began 20 years ago.

Background:

The Colima volcanic complex is the most prominent volcanic center of the western Mexican Volcanic Belt. It consists of two southward-younging volcanoes, Nevado de Colima (the 4320 m high point of the complex) on the north and the 3850-m-high historically active Volcán de Colima at the south.

A group of cinder cones of probable late-Pleistocene age is located on the floor of the Colima graben west and east of the Colima complex. Volcán de Colima (also known as Volcán Fuego) is a youthful stratovolcano constructed within a 5-km-wide caldera, breached to the south, that has been the source of large debris avalanches. Major slope failures have occurred repeatedly from both the Nevado and Colima cones, and have produced a thick apron of debris-avalanche deposits on three sides of the complex. Frequent historical eruptions date back to the 16th century. Occasional major explosive eruptions (most recently in 1913) have destroyed the summit and left a deep, steep-sided crater that was slowly refilled and then overtopped by lava dome growth.

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