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Locaton of Colima volcano
Locaton of Colima volcano

Latest news:
Incandescent avalanche at Colima on 4 April (photo: Sergio Tapiro Velasc)
Thursday, Apr 10, 2014
Weak explosive and effusive activity continues at the slowly growing viscous lava dome of the volcano. Occasionally, explosions and/or small rockfalls from the dome produce incandescent avalanches that reach 1-2 km distance on the steep slope. [more]
Forcasted ash from Colima volcano (VAAC Washington)
Thursday, Mar 20, 2014
The volcano produced a series of small ash puffs last night (23:00 GMT). VAAC Washington alerted of low ash plumes beneath flight level 150 (15,000 ft / 4.5 km altitude) drifting east from the volcano. [more]


Colima volcano

Stratovolcano 3850 m / 12,631 ft
Western Mexico, 19.51°N / -103.62°W
Current status: erupting (4 out of 5)
Colima webcams / live data
Last update: 10 Apr 2014
Typical eruption style: Dominantly explosive. Construction of lava domes, vulcanian eruptions and strombolian activity. In near-constant activity since 1994.
Colima volcano eruptions: 1519, 1560, 1576, 1585, 1590, 1602(?), 1606, 1611-1613, 1622, 1690, 1711, 1743(?), 1744, 1749(?),1769, 1770, 1771, 1780, 1794, 1795, 1804, 1806-1809, 1818, 1819, 1866, 1869, 1870-71, 1872-73, 1874, 1875-78, 1879-80, 1880-81, 1882-84, 1885-1886, 1887, 1889-90, 1890, 1891-92, 1893-1902, 1903, 1904-1906, 1908-09, 1913, 1926-1931(?), 1941(?), 1957-1960, 1961-62, 1963-70, 1973(?), 1975-76, 1977-1982, 1983(?), 1985-86, 1987, 1988(?), 1991, 1994, 1997-2011, 2013
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Wed, 23 Jul
Wed, 23 Jul 19:48 UTCM 3.4 / 26 km24 km13 km al NOROESTE de VILLA DE ALVAREZ, COL
Wed, 23 Jul 14:38 UTCM 3.5 / 26 km24 km16 km al NOROESTE de VILLA DE ALVAREZ, COL
Colima volcano is one of the most active in Central America and one of the potentially most dangerous ones. It has had more than 30 periods of eruptions since 1585, including several significant eruptions in the late 1990s. Scientific monitoring of the volcano began 20 years ago.

Background:

The Colima volcanic complex is the most prominent volcanic center of the western Mexican Volcanic Belt. It consists of two southward-younging volcanoes, Nevado de Colima (the 4320 m high point of the complex) on the north and the 3850-m-high historically active Volcán de Colima at the south.

A group of cinder cones of probable late-Pleistocene age is located on the floor of the Colima graben west and east of the Colima complex. Volcán de Colima (also known as Volcán Fuego) is a youthful stratovolcano constructed within a 5-km-wide caldera, breached to the south, that has been the source of large debris avalanches. Major slope failures have occurred repeatedly from both the Nevado and Colima cones, and have produced a thick apron of debris-avalanche deposits on three sides of the complex. Frequent historical eruptions date back to the 16th century. Occasional major explosive eruptions (most recently in 1913) have destroyed the summit and left a deep, steep-sided crater that was slowly refilled and then overtopped by lava dome growth.

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