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Locaton of Colima volcano
Locaton of Colima volcano

Latest news:
Steam plume from Colima and a small rockfall
Wednesday, Jul 22, 2015
Effusive activity seems to have dropped significantly. The lava flow we observed on the southern side last week is much less active and might be stagnant. ... [more]
Archive photograph showing explosive activity of Colima volcano in February 2015, with the city lights of Colima in the background.
Friday, Jul 17, 2015
Activity remains exclusively effusive, and overall seems to be decreasing. The lava flow on the southern flank continues to advance slowly, approx. 200 meters per day. Rockfalls from other areas of the crater have been more rare than during the previous day. ... [more]


Colima volcano

Stratovolcano 3850 m / 12,631 ft
Western Mexico, 19.51°N / -103.62°W
Current status: erupting (4 out of 5)
Colima webcams / live data
Colima volcano videos
Last update: 22 Jul 2015 (weak lava effusion from summit vent)
Typical eruption style: Dominantly explosive. Construction of lava domes, vulcanian eruptions and strombolian activity. In near-constant activity since 1994.
Colima volcano eruptions: 1519, 1560, 1576, 1585, 1590, 1602(?), 1606, 1611-1613, 1622, 1690, 1711, 1743(?), 1744, 1749(?),1769, 1770, 1771, 1780, 1794, 1795, 1804, 1806-1809, 1818, 1819, 1866, 1869, 1870-71, 1872-73, 1874, 1875-78, 1879-80, 1880-81, 1882-84, 1885-1886, 1887, 1889-90, 1890, 1891-92, 1893-1902, 1903, 1904-1906, 1908-09, 1913, 1926-1931(?), 1941(?), 1957-1960, 1961-62, 1963-70, 1973(?), 1975-76, 1977-1982, 1983(?), 1985-86, 1987, 1988(?), 1991, 1994, 1997-2011, 2013-ongoing
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Tue, 30 Jun
Tue, 30 Jun 21:34 UTCM 3.2 / 90 km39 km35 km al NOROESTE de VILLA DE ALVAREZ, COL
Wed, 3 Jun
Wed, 3 Jun 09:01 UTCM 3.6 / 20 km42 km28 km al SURESTE de COLIMA, COL
Mon, 1 Jun
Mon, 1 Jun 04:42 UTCM 3.8 / 26 km42 km17 km al NOROESTE de COQUIMATLAN, COL
Colima volcano is one of the most active in Central America and one of the potentially most dangerous ones. It has had more than 30 periods of eruptions since 1585, including several significant eruptions in the late 1990s. Scientific monitoring of the volcano began 20 years ago.

Background:

The Colima volcanic complex is the most prominent volcanic center of the western Mexican Volcanic Belt. It consists of two southward-younging volcanoes, Nevado de Colima (the 4320 m high point of the complex) on the north and the 3850-m-high historically active Volcán de Colima at the south.

A group of cinder cones of probable late-Pleistocene age is located on the floor of the Colima graben west and east of the Colima complex. Volcán de Colima (also known as Volcán Fuego) is a youthful stratovolcano constructed within a 5-km-wide caldera, breached to the south, that has been the source of large debris avalanches. Major slope failures have occurred repeatedly from both the Nevado and Colima cones, and have produced a thick apron of debris-avalanche deposits on three sides of the complex. Frequent historical eruptions date back to the 16th century. Occasional major explosive eruptions (most recently in 1913) have destroyed the summit and left a deep, steep-sided crater that was slowly refilled and then overtopped by lava dome growth.

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