Colima

Stratovolcano 3850 m / 12,631 ft
Western Mexico, 19.51°N / -103.62°W
Aktueller Status: normal / ruhend (1 von 5)
Last update: 17 Mai 2022
Strong explosion at Colima volcano in Feb 2015
Strong explosion at Colima volcano in Feb 2015

Colima volcano is one of the most active volcanoes in North America and one of the potentially most dangerous ones. It has had more than 30 periods of eruptions since 1585, including several significant eruptions in the late 1990s. Scientific monitoring of the volcano began 20 years ago.

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Typische Tätigkeit: Dominantly explosive. Construction of lava domes, vulcanian eruptions and strombolian activity. In near-constant activity since 1994.
Ausbrüche: 1519, 1560, 1576, 1585, 1590, 1602(?), 1606, 1611-1613, 1622, 1690, 1711, 1743(?), 1744, 1749(?),1769, 1770, 1771, 1780, 1794, 1795, 1804, 1806-1809, 1818, 1819, 1866, 1869, 1870-71, 1872-73, 1874, 1875-78, 1879-80, 1880-81, 1882-84, 1885-1886, 1887, 1889-90, 1890, 1891-92, 1893-1902, 1903, 1904-1906, 1908-09, 1913, 1926-1931(?), 1941(?), 1957-1960, 1961-62, 1963-70, 1973(?), 1975-76, 1977-1982, 1983(?), 1985-86, 1987, 1988(?), 1991, 1994, 1997-2011, 2013-ongoing
Letzte Erdbeben in der Nähe:
ZeitStärke / TiefeEntfernung / Lage
Dienstag, 9. August 2022 GMT (1 Beben)
9. Aug. 2022 16:28 (GMT -5) (9. Aug. 2022 21:28 GMT)
3.7

6 km
40 km (25 mi)
44 km östlich von Autlan de Navarro, Jalisco, Mexiko
Mittwoch, 3. August 2022 GMT (1 Beben)
3. Aug. 2022 11:55 (GMT -5) (3. Aug. 2022 16:55 GMT)
3.7

43 km
75 km (47 mi)
Jalisco, 30 km nördlich von Manzanillo, Colima, Mexiko

Beschreibung

The Colima volcanic complex is the most prominent volcanic center of the western Mexican Volcanic Belt. It consists of two southward-younging volcanoes, Nevado de Colima (the 4320 m high point of the complex) on the north and the 3850-m-high historically active Volcán de Colima at the south.

A group of cinder cones of probable late-Pleistocene age is located on the floor of the Colima graben west and east of the Colima complex. Volcán de Colima (also known as Volcán Fuego) is a youthful stratovolcano constructed within a 5-km-wide caldera, breached to the south, that has been the source of large debris avalanches. Major slope failures have occurred repeatedly from both the Nevado and Colima cones, and have produced a thick apron of debris-avalanche deposits on three sides of the complex. Frequent historical eruptions date back to the 16th century. Occasional major explosive eruptions (most recently in 1913) have destroyed the summit and left a deep, steep-sided crater that was slowly refilled and then overtopped by lava dome growth.

Colima Fotos

Strong vulcanian eruption at Colima volcano with volcanic lightning (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Strong vulcanian eruption at Colima volcano with volcanic lightning (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Steaming Colima volcano in Mexico with an active lava flow, mirrored in a small lake. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Steaming Colima volcano in Mexico with an active lava flow, mirrored in a small lake. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Night-time view of Colima volcano with an active lava flow (July 2015). (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Night-time view of Colima volcano with an active lava flow (July 2015). (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Sunrise on 16 July. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Sunrise on 16 July. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
 



Colima Vulkanreisen:
Colima Volcano Special (5 days expedition to observe and photograph Colima volcano, Mexico)

Siehe auch: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
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