Etna volcano

Complejo estratovolcán Currently about 3329 m (changing due to eruptive activity and collapse of its crater rims)
Sizilien (Italien), 37.75°N / 14.99°E
Current status: erupción (4 out of 5)
Last update: 21 sep 2021
Eruption from Mt Etna volcano (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Eruption from Mt Etna volcano (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)

Mt Etna on Sicily, locally called "Mongibello", is Europe's largest and most active volcano. Its frequent eruptions are often accompanied by large lava flows, but rarely pose danger to inhabited areas. Etna is one of the volcanoes with the longest historic records of eruptions, going back more than 2000 years.

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Typical eruption style: Efusivas (coladas de lava) y ligeramente explosivo (estromboliana) erupciones. Tanto cumbre y frecuentes erupciones de flanco, el último parece estar ocurriendo en racimos que duran unos pocos a unas pocas decenas de años.
Erupciones del volcán Etna: Near continuously active; some major historic eruptions include 122 BC (large Plinian outbursts that created the small caldera of the "Cratere del Piano"), 1669 AD (devastating flank eruption that destroyed 15 villages and part of Catania), 1787 (Subplinian eruption and one of the most spectacular summit eruptions on record - lava fountains reportedly up to 3000 m high).
Eruptions since 1950 (f: flank / s: summit activity): 1950 (s), 1950-51(f), 1955 (s), 1956 (s), 1956 (f), 1957 (s),1960 (s), 1961 (s), 1964 (f), 1964 (s), 1966 (s), 1966-1971(s), 1968 (f), 1971(f), 1972-1973 (s), 1974 (f), 1974-1975 (s), 1975-1977 (f), 1977-1978 (s), 1978 (f), 1979(s), 1979 (f), 1980 (s), 1981 (s), 1981 (f),1982-1983 (s), 1983(f), 1984(s), 1985(s), 1985(f), 1986(s), 1986-1987 (f), 1987(s), 1988(s), 1989(s), 1989(f), 1990 (s), 1991-93(f), 1995(s), 1996(s), 1997 (s), 1998 (s), 1999 (s), 2000 (s), 2001(s), 2001 (f), 2002(s), 2002-03(f), 2004-2005 (f), 2006 (s), 2007 (s), 2008-2009 (f), 2010(s), 2011-2013(s), 2014-18, 2018(f), 2019-ongoing (s)

Fecha / HoraRevista / Prof.Distancia/Ubicación
sábado, 16 octubre 2021 21:49 GMT (1 terremoto)
16 oct 2021 23:49 (GMT +2) (16 oct 2021 21:49 GMT)
2.3

7.9 km
40 km (25 mi)
8 km al suroeste de Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto, Italia
viernes, 15 octubre 2021 07:06 GMT (1 terremoto)
15 oct 2021 09:06 (GMT +2) (15 oct 2021 07:06 GMT)
2.2

19 km
30 km (19 mi)
Ionian Sea, 15 km al noreste de Giarre, Italia
martes, 12 octubre 2021 07:31 GMT (1 terremoto)
12 oct 2021 09:31 (GMT +2) (12 oct 2021 07:31 GMT)
1.9

10.4 km
12 km (7.5 mi)
9.7 km al noroeste de Acireale, Provincia de Catania, Región de Sicilia, Italia
martes, 5 octubre 2021 16:19 GMT (1 terremoto)
5 oct 2021 18:19 (GMT +2) (5 oct 2021 16:19 GMT)
2.9

10 km
29 km (18 mi)
Provincia de Mesina, 19 km al norte de Bronte, Italia

Background

Mount Etna, towering above Catania, Sicily's second largest city, has one of the world's longest documented records of historical volcanism, dating back to 1500 BC. Historical lava flows cover much of the surface of this massive volcano, which makes it the highest and most voluminous in Italy. Ever since ancient times, the volcano seems to have been in near-constant activity. It is considered, after Kilauea on Hawaii, the second most active, i.e. productive volcano on earth.
Two styles of eruptive activity typically occur at Etna: (1) persistent explosive eruptions, sometimes with minor lava emissions, from one or more of the 4 prominent summit craters, the Bocca Nova, Voragine (the former Central Crater), NE Crater, and SE Crater (the latter formed in 1978). (2) Flank eruptions, typically with higher effusion rates, are less frequent and originate from fissures that open on the volcano's flanks. Such flank eruptions, such as the spectacular recent ones in 2001 and 2002-03 commonly form cinder cones, that dot the volcano in their hundreds.

Etna Fotos

Etna's paroxysm from Voragine crater on 4 Dec 2015, seen from Cesarò (Photo: Giuseppe Famiani)
Etna's paroxysm from Voragine crater on 4 Dec 2015, seen from Cesarò (Photo: Giuseppe Famiani)
Grupo sobre una estrecha cornisa que separa dos respiraderos en el volcán Etna, Italia. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Grupo sobre una estrecha cornisa que separa dos respiraderos en el volcán Etna, Italia. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Después de haber alcanzado su punto máximo, la erupción disminuye rápidamente, pero todavía un penacho de ceniza marrón denso sube alto del respiradero de la fisura. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Después de haber alcanzado su punto máximo, la erupción disminuye rápidamente, pero todavía un penacho de ceniza marrón denso sube alto del respiradero de la fisura. (Pho...
Vista del Etna de vuelo de Alitalia desde Trieste a Catania en Apil 21 2012 (Photo: marcofulle)
Vista del Etna de vuelo de Alitalia desde Trieste a Catania en Apil 21 2012 (Photo: marcofulle)
 



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