Kelud

Stratovolcano 1731 m (5,679 ft)
Ostjava (Indonesien), -7.93°S / 112.31°E
Aktueller Status: normal / ruhend (1 von 5)
Last update: 8 Dez 2021 (currently quiet)
The new lava dome growing inside the lake of Kelut's crater in Nov 2007
The new lava dome growing inside the lake of Kelut's crater in Nov 2007

Kelud volcano (also spelled Kelut) is one of East Java's most active volcanoes. The volcano has a spectacular large crater that contains a lake, which was a popular weekend destination but also the origin of devastating mud flows (lahars). In Oct-Nov 2007, a new lava dome grew within the lake to form an island, replacing most of the water.
Kelut is notorious among Indonesia's volcanoes for its violent, and often deadly explosive eruptions. One of the worst volcanic disasters occurred during the 1919 eruption, when the (then very large) crater lake drained and formed lahars that killed at least 5160 people. An eruption in 1586 is believed to have caused even more than 10,000 fatalities.

Interaktive Karte zeigen
Typische Tätigkeit: Explosive. Lava domes, pyroclastic flows. Presence of extensive crater lake at low elevation, generating destructive lahars.
Ausbrüche: 1500(?), 1548, 1586 ((sub-)Plinian eruption?), 1641 (sub-Plininan eruption?), 1716, 1752, 1756(?), 1771, 1776, 1785, 1811, 1825, 1826, 1835, 1848, 1849(?), 1864, 1901, 1919, 1920, 1951, 1966, 1967, 1990, Oct-Nov 2007, 13 Feb 2014
Letzte Erdbeben in der Nähe: Keine jüngeren Beben

Beschreibung

The relatively inconspicuous, 1731-m-high Kelud stratovolcano contains a summit crater lake that has been the source of some of Indonesia's most deadly eruptions.
A cluster of summit lava domes cut by numerous craters has given the summit a very irregular profile. Satellitic cones and lava domes are also located low on the eastern, western, and SSW flanks. Eruptive activity has in general migrated in a clockwise direction around the summit vent complex. More than 30 eruptions have been recorded from Gunung Kelud since 1000 AD. The ejection of water from the crater lake during Kelud's typically short, but violent eruptions has created pyroclastic flows and lahars that have caused widespread fatalities and destruction.
After more than 5000 persons were killed during an eruption in 1919, an ambitious engineering project sought to drain the crater lake. This initial effort lowered the lake by more than 50 m, but the 1951 eruption deepened the crater by 70 m, leaving 50 million cubic meters of water after repair of the damaged drainage tunnels.
After more than 200 deaths in the 1966 eruption, a new deeper tunnel was constructed, and the lake's volume before the 1990 eruption was only about 1 million cubic meters.

Kelud Fotos

Der rasch wachsende und glühende Lavadom des Kelud Vulkans in dem Rest des Kratersees. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Der rasch wachsende und glühende Lavadom des Kelud Vulkans in dem Rest des Kratersees. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Der Lavadom im Kelud besteht aus zwei größeren Einheiten. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Der Lavadom im Kelud besteht aus zwei größeren Einheiten. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Weitwinkelaufnahme des Lavadomes im Krater des Kelud. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Weitwinkelaufnahme des Lavadomes im Krater des Kelud. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Der Lavadom des Kelud in Ostjava (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Der Lavadom des Kelud in Ostjava (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
 


13 Feb 2014 explosive eruption
A violent explosion occurred on the evening of 13 Feb 2014, destroying the lava dome.
An ash column rose to 10-15 km altitude and formed a plume of several 100 km length and width that drifted over the Indian Ocean. Heavy ash fall occurred in distances of up to 200 km, and several airports on Java needed to shut down temporarily.
Kelut volcano eruption update

2007 eruption
The 2007 eruption was almost purely effusive and built a new lava dome, replacing the previous lake.

Kelud Vulkanreisen:
Vulkane auf Java (17-tägige Vulkantrekkingtour auf Java)

Siehe auch: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
Mehr zeigen
App herunterladen
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - new app for Android
Android | iOS-Version

Mehr auf VolcanoDiscovery

Warum gibt es Werbung auf dieser Seite?
Unterstützen Sie unsere Arbeit!
Diese Webseite und die dazugehörigen Apps und Tools instandzuhalten und kostenlos Nachrichten zu Vulkanen, Erdbeben und anderen Themen bereitzustellen, verschlingt enorm viel Zeit und auch Geld.
Wenn Sie die Infos mögen und uns in der Arbeit dazu unterstützen wollen, würden wir uns über eine Spende (über PayPal oder mit Kreditkarte) sehr freuen.
Online Zahlung (Kreditkarte)
Damit können wir Ihnen auch in Zukunft neue Features entwickeln und Bestehende laufend verbessern.Vielen Dank!
Copyrights: VolcanoDiscovery and other sources as noted.
Nutzung von Bild- und Textmaterial: Most texts and images, in particular photographs, on this website are protected by copyright. Further reproduction and use of without authorization is usually not consented. If you are not sure or need licensing rights for photographs, for example for publications and commercial use, please contact us.
Home | Travel | Destinations | Volcanoes | Photos | Earthquakes | About | Glossary | News | Contact | Privacy | Imprint | EN | DE | EL | ES | FR | IT | RU
Uns folgen:Folge uns auf FacebookFollow us on InstagramFolge uns auf TwitterBesuch unseren Youtube Kanal