Get our newsletter!
Check out our volcano tours on VolcanoAdventures.com!
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - new app for Android
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - app for iPhone & iPad

Guaranteed tours:
12-30 ago 2019: Kamchatka - Land of Colors - Kamchatka (Russia)
13-29 ago 2019: Volcanoes of Java - Java (Indonesia)
14-17 ago 2019: Krakatau Volcano Special - Krakatau volcano (Indonesia)
1-19 sep 2019: Kamchatka - Land of Colors - Kamchatka (Russia)
3-18 sep 2019: From Krakatau to Bali - Java (Indonesia)
21-28 sep 2019: Pearl of the Aegean - Santorini - Isla de Santorini, Grecia
12-20 oct 2019: From Stromboli to Etna - Eolian Islands + Etna volcano (Italy)
: espacios disponibles / : garantizada / : pocos espacios a la izquierda / : una reserva con antelación
Fotos al azar
Latest news:
domingo, ene 22, 2017
Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Washington (VAAC) issued the following report: ... [Leer más]
viernes, oct 11, 2013
OMV informó que la actividad en el volcán Soufriere Hills ha mantenido baja la semana pasada. La cúpula produjo una serie de desprendimientos y algunos sismos volcano-tectónicos. Las emisiones de gases volcánicos fueron en nivel medio. [Leer más]


 

Soufriere Hills volcano

Stratovolcano, lava dome 1050 m / 3300 ft (changing!)
Montserrat, West Indies (UK), 16.72°N / -62.18°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Soufriere Hills webcams / datos en tiempo real | Reports
Soufriere Hills volcano books | Tours
Last update: 22 ene 2017
Typical eruption style: Explosivos. Construcción de domos de lava.
Erupciones del volcán Soufriere Hills: 1995-2011, 2012No hay terremotos recientes
Fecha / HoraRevista / ProfundidadDistanciaUbicación
Soufrière Hills volcano is a complex stratovolcano that forms the northern half of the small Island of Montserrat in the British Lesser Antilles. After 350 years of quiet, it came back into life in 1995 and started to build a new lava dome. The eruption alternated between less or more intense phases including rapid dome growth with associated powerful vulcanian explosions and large pyroclastic flows from dome collapse.
The eruption, in particular the effects of pyroclastic flows and lahars caused by heavy rains have destroyed a large part of the island, including the capital Plymouth, and the population has been relocated to the northern part of the island and has been fighting, with the help of the UK government, to maintain life on the island.
One of the world's most modern volcano observatories, the MVO, has been installed on the island and while largely unknown prior to 1995, Soufrière Hills volcano now counts as one of the best monitored active volcanoes world-wide.

Soufriere Hills Fotos:




Latest satellite images

Background:

Montserrat's Soufrière Hills volcano is a typical subduction volcano. Its existence is due to the subduction of the Atlantic under the Caribbean plate.


Its first historic eruption started in 1995 and is still ongoing. During this eruption, the former capital of the island, Plymouth, as well as a large sector of the southern part of the island including its former airport have been devastated by pyroclastic flows and much of it is now buried beneath a thick layer of ash and mud.


The long-term eruption consists in small-to-moderate ash eruptions accompanied by lava-dome growth and pyroclastic flows. Failed eruptions (non eruptive seismic events) had occurred at Soufriere Hills volcano in the 1890's, 1930's, and 1960's.


The complex dominantly andesitic Soufrière Hills volcano occupies the southern half of the island of Montserrat. The summit area consists primarily of a series of lava domes emplaced along an ESE-trending zone. English's Crater, a 1-km-wide crater breached widely to the east, was formed during an eruption about 4000 years ago in which the summit collapsed, producing a large submarine debris avalanche. Block-and-ash flow and surge deposits associated with dome growth predominate in flank deposits at Soufrière Hills.


With the exception of a 17th-century eruption around 1630 AD that produced the Castle Peak lava dome, no historical eruptions were recorded on Montserrat until 1995.


 

Más en VolcanoDiscovery:

Copyrights: VolcanoDiscovery y otras fuentes como se ha señalado.
Uso de material: Most texts and images, in particular photographs, on this website are protected by copyright. Further reproduction and use of without authorization is usually not consented. If you are not sure or need licensing rights for photographs, for example for publications and commercial use, please contact us.