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Stromboli volcan

stratovolcan 926 m
Eolian Islands, Italy, 38.79°N / 15.21°E
Condition actuelle: en éruption (4 sur 5)
Last update: 13 mai 2022
Powerful strombolian eruption from Stromboli volcano
Powerful strombolian eruption from Stromboli volcano

Stromboli, a small island north of Sicily, is one of the most active volcanoes in the world and famous for its normally small, but regular explosions throwing out glowing lava from several vents inside its summit crater. This activity has been going on for at least 2000 years, as long as there is written memory of the activity, which Stromboli lended its name to, the so-called strombolian activity.

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Style éruptif tipique: Small explosive (strombolian) eruptions, typically every 20-30 mins. Intermittently, ca. every 2-20 years, minor effusive eruptions (lava flows); on average 2-5 times per year larger explosions.
Eruptions du volcan Stromboli: Persistant (near-constant) activity since at least 2-3000 years. Most recent effusive (lava flow) eruptions from Dec. 2002-July 2003, March 2007, Aug-Oct 2014. Paroxysm 3 July 2019
Derniers séismes proches:
HeureMag. / ProfondeurDistance/Lieu
lundi, 9 mai 2022 GMT (1 séisme)
9 mai 2022 05:29 (GMT +2) (9 mai. 2022 03:29 GMT)
2.0

126 km
35 km (22 mi)
Mer Tyrrhénienne, 40 km au nord-ouest de Messine, Sicile, Italie
vendredi, 6 mai 2022 GMT (1 séisme)
6 mai 2022 21:27 (GMT +1) (6 mai. 2022 20:27 GMT)
2.0

159 km
32 km (20 mi)
Mer Tyrrhénienne, 48 km au nord de Messine, Sicile, Italie
lundi, 2 mai 2022 GMT (1 séisme)
2 mai 2022 12:18 (GMT +1) (2 mai. 2022 11:18 GMT)
1.9

139 km
34 km (21 mi)
Mer Tyrrhénienne, 39 km au nord de Messine, Sicile, Italie

Introduction

The N-most island of the Eolian Islands is famous for its spectacular incandescent nighttime explosions, that have long attracted visitors from all over the world and brought the volcano the nickname the "Lighthouse of the Mediterranean." Stromboli has even given its name to this kind of typical small explosions.
As long as there are historical records, Stromboli has been constantly active, which makes it almost unique among the volcanoes in the world. Most of its activity consists of brief and small bursts of glowing lava fragments to heights of 100-200 m above the craters. Occasionally, much stronger explosions or periods of more continuous activity can occur. The most violent eruptions during the past 100 years, in 1919, 1930 and on 5 April 2003, were large enough to take lives and or destroy property even at considerable range from the craters, for example inside the inhabited areas.
Apart from explosive activity, effusive eruptions with outflow of lava occur at irregular intervals ranging from a few years to decades. The most recent one began on 28 December 2002 and ended in July 2003.
Stromboli offers visitors a unique possibility to watch its eruptions. From the rim of an older crater one can stand only 150-250 m almost directly above the active craters,- a perfect viewing terrace. It should be mentioned that this is regarded as surprisingly safe as well: even though there is a small risk of being involved in a sudden, larger explosion (which happen infrequently a few times per year), and then being hit, injured or killed by an ejected bomb from the crater, the risk in terms of numbers is probably much smaller than many other risks in everyday situations. The number of accidents on Stromboli, when compared to the number of visitors at the crater over the years, is extremely small.
For hose who know and learn to love it, Stromboli is a magical place,- even not only for its volcano, but also for its unique charm, its beautiful beaches, the lush vegetation and its characteristic and unspoiled architecture.

Stromboli Photos

Feu d'artifice au Stromboli, un volcan actif en Italie. 
La photo a été prise au printemps 2009 et montre une explosion du cratère nord-est du Stromboli dans le crépuscule du soir. Pendant la première moitié de 2009 en particulier, ce cratère était en activité très spectaculaire et avait rapidement construit un nouveau cône qui dominait la terrasse du cratère du Stromboli. Depuis ailleurs, bien d'autres changements se sont produites, mais ce cône est toujours l'une des principales caractéristiques du cratère aujourd'hui.
Nous avons choisi cette photo comme la "photo du mois" déc 2011 et nous félicitons Christian avec un bon de voyage de 500 euros! (Photo: muepla)
Feu d'artifice au Stromboli, un volcan actif en Italie.
La photo a été prise au printemps 2009 et montre une explosion du cratère nord-est du Stromboli dans le cré...
Forte éruption strombolienne du Krakatau. Beaucoup de bombs ne sont visibles qu'en sortant du panache noir de cendres. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Forte éruption strombolienne du Krakatau. Beaucoup de bombs ne sont visibles qu'en sortant du panache noir de cendres. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Activité strombolienne du cratère SE en octobre 2006. Les lumières de Catane au fond. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Activité strombolienne du cratère SE en octobre 2006. Les lumières de Catane au fond. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Strombolian eruption at Mt. Bromo volcano in Feb 2011 - this photo was selected for the 2012 IAVCEI volcano calendar. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Strombolian eruption at Mt. Bromo volcano in Feb 2011 - this photo was selected for the 2012 IAVCEI volcano calendar. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
 



Voyages au volcan Stromboli :
Volcans d'Italie - le Grand Tour (15 jours d'expédition du Vésuve à l’Etna)
Montagnes de Feu - du Stromboli à l'Etna (marche et voyage d'étude avec un volcanologue vers les volcans Etna, Vulcano, Lipari et Stromboli)

See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
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