Volcano News from Iceland:
Thursday, Oct 25, 2018
The volcano is continuing to show signs of unrest. Over the past months, elevated numbers of small earthquakes have continued to occur beneath the glacier-covered volcano, suggesting that fresh magma has been accumulating at shallow depth around 5 km. ... [meer...]
Saturday, May 05, 2018
On 4 May, the Icelandic Met Office reduced the Aviation Color Code at Öræfajökull from Yellow to Green due to signs of reduced activity. Since September 2017 there has been less earthquake activity, stable hydrological and geochemical measurements, and reduced geothermal heat output. There has been possible minor ongoing inflation, but no signs of an imminent eruption.
Iceland and its volcanoes:Iceland has the land area of Virginia and the population of Virginia Beach (about 260,000 people). The country has the highest literacy rate (100%) of any nation in the world. Its history has always been closely related to volcanoes and knowledge of many volcanic eruptions since the middle ages are preserved in accounts.
First settled by Vikings in the 9th century AD, Iceland established its own parliament in 930 and recorded its first historical volcanic eruption only a few years later. After a golden age of literature in the 12th and 13th centuries (when the sagas were written), natural history reporting reached a low around the 15th century. In the years 1707-09 a third of the population died from smallpox, and the 1783-84 Laki eruption killed a fifth of the remaining population by famine. Iceland gained sovereignty from Denmark in 1918 and complete independence in 1944.
Iceland is noted for subglacial and regional fissure eruptions related to the rifting process between the separating plates.
(adapted from GVP/Smithsonian Institution)
Volcanoes of Iceland
IJsland, het land van ijs en vuur, is een waar paradijs voor vulkanologen. Op enkele plaatsen op aarde zijn geologie en menselijke geschiedenis zo nauw verbonden met vulkanisme als op IJsland. Het eiland is eigenaar van zijn bestaan aan een grote vulkanische hotspot zittend op een mid-oceanische rug, een unieke setting. De plaat grens tussen de Amerikaanse en Euraziatische tektonische platen doorkruist IJsland van Zuid naar Noord en de verspreiding proces rechtstreeks kan worden gemeten en waargenomen op het land.
Location of Iceland and the North Atlantic mid-ocean ridge where the American and Eurasian plates separate
Simplified map of Iceland showing its active volcanoes