Volcano News from Iceland:
Friday, Sep 04, 2020
The Icelandic Met Office (IMO) recorded an earthquake with magnitude M 3.1
that occurred at 12:39 local time yesterday
located in the northeastern part of the Katla caldera near Austmannsbunga. ... Lees alle
Thursday, Jul 23, 2020
The Icelandic Met Office (IMO) recorded an earthquake with magnitude M 3.3
that occurred at 05:36 local time
this morning. Another earthquake with magnitude M 2.7 occurred at 01:59 local time today. Few smaller earthquakes have also been detected. ... Lees alle
Iceland and its volcanoes:Iceland has the land area of Virginia and the population of Virginia Beach (about 260,000 people). The country has the highest literacy rate (100%) of any nation in the world. Its history has always been closely related to volcanoes and knowledge of many volcanic eruptions since the middle ages are preserved in accounts.
First settled by Vikings in the 9th century AD, Iceland established its own parliament in 930 and recorded its first historical volcanic eruption only a few years later. After a golden age of literature in the 12th and 13th centuries (when the sagas were written), natural history reporting reached a low around the 15th century. In the years 1707-09 a third of the population died from smallpox, and the 1783-84 Laki eruption killed a fifth of the remaining population by famine. Iceland gained sovereignty from Denmark in 1918 and complete independence in 1944.
Iceland is noted for subglacial and regional fissure eruptions related to the rifting process between the separating plates.
(adapted from GVP/Smithsonian Institution)
Volcanoes of Iceland
IJsland, het land van ijs en vuur, is een waar paradijs voor vulkanologen. Op enkele plaatsen op aarde zijn geologie en menselijke geschiedenis zo nauw verbonden met vulkanisme als op IJsland. Het eiland is eigenaar van zijn bestaan aan een grote vulkanische hotspot zittend op een mid-oceanische rug, een unieke setting. De plaat grens tussen de Amerikaanse en Euraziatische tektonische platen doorkruist IJsland van Zuid naar Noord en de verspreiding proces rechtstreeks kan worden gemeten en waargenomen op het land.
Location of Iceland and the North Atlantic mid-ocean ridge where the American and Eurasian plates separate
Simplified map of Iceland showing its active volcanoes
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