Chaîne des Puys volcano
Massif Central, France, 45.78°N / 2.97°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
The Chaîne des Puys in the Massif Central of southern France is one of Europe's youngest volcanic fields. It consists of numerous cinder cones and maars roughly arranged on a N-S trending line. The last activity occurred only about 6000 years ago, which is why the volcanoes should be considered still active although there are no signs at present of any new activity to be expected in any near future.
Chaîne des Puys volcano eruptions: approx. 6000 years ago near Besse-en-Chandesse
Latest nearby earthquakes
|Time||Mag. / Depth||Distance/Location|
|Friday, November 24, 2023 GMT (1 quake)|
|Nov 24, 11:43 am (Paris)|
(Nov 24, 10:43 GMT)
|30 km (19 mi)|
41 km west of Vichy, Allier, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France
|Monday, November 20, 2023 GMT (1 quake)|
|Nov 20, 11:32 am (Paris)|
(Nov 20, 10:32 GMT)
|30 km (19 mi)|
32 km northwest of Augustonemetum, Puy-de-Dôme, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France
|Friday, November 17, 2023 GMT (1 quake)|
|Nov 17, 01:06 pm (Paris)|
(Nov 17, 11:06 GMT)
|27 km (17 mi)|
25 km north of Augustonemetum, Puy-de-Dôme, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France
BackgroundThe Chaîne des Puys form a N-S-trending chain of basaltic and trachytic cinder cones, basaltic maars, and trachytic lava domes in France's Massif Central that has been active into the Holocene.
Construction of the present-day Chaîne des Puys began about 70,000 years before present (BP), and was largely completed by the beginning of the Holocene. Holocene eruptions constructed lava domes such as the Puy de Dôme, whose growth was accompanied by pyroclastic flows, cinder cones that fed lengthy lava flows, and maars. The latest well-documented activity took place about 6000 BP near Besse-en-Chandesse and included the powerful explosions that formed the Lac Pavin maar.
The dating of younger tephras has not yet been confirmed, and reports of historical eruptions as late as 1000 BP have been discredited.
See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS