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Chaîne des Puys volcano

Updated: Dec 4, 2022 04:31 GMT -
Lava dome(s), Pyroclastic cone(s), Maar(s) 1464 m / 4802 ft
Massif Central, France, 45.78°N / 2.97°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)

The Chaîne des Puys in the Massif Central of southern France is one of Europe's youngest volcanic fields. It consists of numerous cinder cones and maars roughly arranged on a N-S trending line. The last activity occurred only about 6000 years ago, which is why the volcanoes should be considered still active although there are no signs at present of any new activity to be expected in any near future.

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Typical eruption style: explosive, monogenetic
Chaîne des Puys volcano eruptions: approx. 6000 years ago near Besse-en-Chandesse

Latest nearby earthquakes

TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Friday, December 2, 2022 GMT (1 quake)
Dec 2, 2022 1:01 pm (GMT +1) (Dec 2, 2022 12:01 GMT)
1.6
27 km (17 mi)
13 km north of Riom, Puy-de-Dôme, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France
Tuesday, November 29, 2022 GMT (1 quake)
Nov 29, 2022 10:35 am (GMT +1) (Nov 29, 2022 09:35 GMT)
1.6
28 km (17 mi)
5.9 km northwest of Issoire, Puy-de-Dôme, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France
Wednesday, November 23, 2022 GMT (1 quake)
Nov 23, 2022 11:28 am (GMT +1) (Nov 23, 2022 10:28 GMT)
1.5
27 km (17 mi)
6.4 km northwest of Issoire, Puy-de-Dôme, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France
Tuesday, November 22, 2022 GMT (1 quake)
Nov 22, 2022 1:50 am (GMT +1) (Nov 22, 2022 00:50 GMT)
1.6

5 km
29 km (18 mi)
19 km northwest of Riom, Puy-de-Dôme, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Background

The Chaîne des Puys form a N-S-trending chain of basaltic and trachytic cinder cones, basaltic maars, and trachytic lava domes in France's Massif Central that has been active into the Holocene.
Construction of the present-day Chaîne des Puys began about 70,000 years before present (BP), and was largely completed by the beginning of the Holocene. Holocene eruptions constructed lava domes such as the Puy de Dôme, whose growth was accompanied by pyroclastic flows, cinder cones that fed lengthy lava flows, and maars. The latest well-documented activity took place about 6000 BP near Besse-en-Chandesse and included the powerful explosions that formed the Lac Pavin maar.
The dating of younger tephras has not yet been confirmed, and reports of historical eruptions as late as 1000 BP have been discredited.


See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS

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