Papandayan

Schichtvulkan 2665 m / 8,743 ft.
Westjava (Indonesien), -7.32°S / 107.73°E
Aktueller Status: normal / ruhend (1 von 5)
Last update: 9 Dez 2021 (Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report)

Papandayan is a complex stratovolcano with four large summit craters, the youngest of which was breached to the NE by collapse during a brief eruption in 1772 and contains active fumarole fields.

Interaktive Karte zeigen
Typische Tätigkeit:

Explosive. At present strong fumarolic activity.


Ausbrüche: 1772 (moderate eruption followed by a devastating debris avalanche), 1923, 1942, 2002
Letzte Erdbeben in der Nähe: Keine jüngeren Beben

Beschreibung

The broad 1.1-km-wide, flat-floored Alun-Alun crater truncates the summit of Papandayan, and Gunung Puntang to the north gives the volcano a twin-peaked appearance. Several episodes of collapse have given the volcano an irregular profile and produced debris avalanches that have impacted lowland areas beyond the volcano. A sulfur-encrusted fumarole field occupies historically active Kawah Mas ("Golden Crater").
After its first historical eruption in 1772, in which collapse of the NE flank produced a catastrophic debris avalanche that destroyed 40 villages and killed nearly 3000 persons, only small phreatic eruptions had occurred prior to an explosive eruption that began in November 2002.
(Source: GVP)

Papandayan Fotos

Trockene Schlammpfütze (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Trockene Schlammpfütze (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
A drying-out pond containing ill-looking red water inside the crater of Papandayan volcano. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
A drying-out pond containing ill-looking red water inside the crater of Papandayan volcano. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Green acid lake in Papandayan's crater (West Java) (Photo: Dietmar)
Green acid lake in Papandayan's crater (West Java) (Photo: Dietmar)
Red waters of a small creek from Papandayan's crater (Photo: Dietmar)
Red waters of a small creek from Papandayan's crater (Photo: Dietmar)
 



Papandayan Vulkanreisen:
Von Krakatau bis Bali (16-tägige Fotoreise zu den Vulkanen Javas)
Vulkane auf Java (17-tägige Vulkantrekkingtour auf Java)

Siehe auch: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
Fumaroles at Papandayan volcano
Fumaroles at Papandayan volcano
Unrooted tree (2002 eruption of Papandayan volcano)
Unrooted tree (2002 eruption of Papandayan volcano)
Colorful water pools
Colorful water pools
A small pond filled with boiling mud (Papandayan volcano)
A small pond filled with boiling mud (Papandayan volcano)
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