Taal

caldera 311 m / 1,020 ft
Luzon, Philippines, 14°N / 120.99°E
Aktueller Status: unruhig (2 von 5)
Last update: 14 Apr 2022 (Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report)
Aerial photo of Taal Volcano on December 22, 2012 (image: Mike Gonzalez, Wikimedia Commons, see text for link)
Aerial photo of Taal Volcano on December 22, 2012 (image: Mike Gonzalez, Wikimedia Commons, see text for link)

Taal volcano with its lake-filled 15x20 km wide Talisay (Taal) caldera is a beautiful caldera volcano, but also one of the most active and dangerous volcanoes of the Philippines. Taal has had some of the country's largest and deadliest eruptions: At least 6 eruptions during the recorded history of Taal since 1572 claimed fatalities, mostly from powerful pyroclastic flows, as well as tsunamis produced in the crater lake.

Interaktive Karte zeigen
Typische Tätigkeit: Explosiv
Ausbrüche: 2020, 1977, 1976, 1970, 1969, 1968, 1967, 1966, 1965, 1911, 1904, 1903, 1885(?), 1878, 1874, 1873, 1842, 1825, 1808, 1790, 1754, 1749, 1731, 1729, 1716, 1715, 1709, 1707, 1645, 1641, 1635, 1634, 1609, 1591, 1572
Letzte Erdbeben in der Nähe:
ZeitStärke / TiefeEntfernung / Lage
Mittwoch, 6. Juli 2022 GMT (1 Beben)
7. Jul. 2022 03:12 (GMT +8) (6. Jul. 2022 19:12 GMT)
2.1

90 km
56 km (35 mi)
Philippines: 014 Km S 37° W of Calatagan (Batangas)
Sonntag, 3. Juli 2022 GMT (1 Beben)
3. Jul. 2022 21:13 (GMT +8) (3. Jul. 2022 13:13 GMT)
3.5

116 km
66 km (41 mi)
Philippines: 026 Km N 80° W of Nasugbu (Batangas)
Donnerstag, 30. Juni 2022 GMT (1 Beben)
1. Jul. 2022 05:18 (GMT +8) (30. Jun. 2022 21:18 GMT)
2.8

83 km
56 km (35 mi)
Philippines: 013 Km N 89° W of Calatagan (Batangas)
Montag, 27. Juni 2022 GMT (1 Beben)
28. Jun. 2022 03:19 (GMT +8) (27. Jun. 2022 19:19 GMT)
2.6

111 km
63 km (39 mi)
Philippines: 021 Km S 38° W of Calatagan (Batangas)
Sonntag, 26. Juni 2022 GMT (1 Beben)
26. Jun. 2022 15:35 (GMT +8) (26. Jun. 2022 07:35 GMT)
3.0

119 km
48 km (30 mi)
Philippines: 014 Km S 52° W of Lian (Batangas)

Beschreibung

The Taal caldera is largely filled by Lake Taal, whose 267 sq km surface lies only 3 m above sea level. The maximum depth of the lake is 160 m, and contains several eruptive centers submerged beneath the lake. All historic eruptions took place from the 5-km-wide volcanic island in the northern-central part of the lake.
The island is formed by overlapping stratovolcanoes, cinder cones and tuff rings (maars). Historic eruptions have seen the constant change and growth of the island.
Taal caused one of the worst volcano disasters in history: its eruption in 1911 killed 1334 people and caused ash fall as far as Manila city. Due to its devastating potential, Taal was declared one of the "Decade Volcanoes" in the Decade Volcanoes program of the 1990s in order to incentive study and monitoring of the volcano. Taal is today one of the most closely monitored volcanoes in the region. An increase in seismic activity under Taal was recorded in November 2006, followed by an increase in hot water springs in the crater in April 2007.

Aerial image of Taal Volcano Island credit: TheCoffee (Mike Gonzalez), CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Taal Fotos

ErtaAleMondlicht.jpg (Photo: Reinhard Radke)
ErtaAleMondlicht.jpg (Photo: Reinhard Radke)
ertaale_d21533_5-7.jpg (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
ertaale_d21533_5-7.jpg (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
 



Siehe auch: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
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