Taal volcano

caldera 311 m / 1,020 ft
Luzon, Philippines, 14°N / 120.99°E
Current status: minor activity or eruption warning (3 out of 5)
Last update: 23 Nov 2021 (three short-lived phreatomagmatic bursts today)
Aerial photo of Taal Volcano on December 22, 2012 (image: Mike Gonzalez, Wikimedia Commons, see text for link)
Aerial photo of Taal Volcano on December 22, 2012 (image: Mike Gonzalez, Wikimedia Commons, see text for link)

Taal volcano with its lake-filled 15x20 km wide Talisay (Taal) caldera is a beautiful caldera volcano, but also one of the most active and dangerous volcanoes of the Philippines. Taal has had some of the country's largest and deadliest eruptions: At least 6 eruptions during the recorded history of Taal since 1572 claimed fatalities, mostly from powerful pyroclastic flows, as well as tsunamis produced in the crater lake.

Show interactive Map
[hide map] [enlarge]
Typical eruption style: Explosive
Taal volcano eruptions: 2020, 1977, 1976, 1970, 1969, 1968, 1967, 1966, 1965, 1911, 1904, 1903, 1885(?), 1878, 1874, 1873, 1842, 1825, 1808, 1790, 1754, 1749, 1731, 1729, 1716, 1715, 1709, 1707, 1645, 1641, 1635, 1634, 1609, 1591, 1572

TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Friday, December 3, 2021 00:26 GMT (1 earthquake)
Dec 3, 2021 8:26 am (GMT +8) (Dec 3, 2021 00:26 GMT)
2.3

158 km
49 km (30 mi)
South China Sea, 23 km southwest of Balayan, Batangas, Calabarzon, Philippines
Tuesday, November 30, 2021 19:03 GMT (1 earthquake)
Dec 1, 2021 3:03 am (GMT +8) (Nov 30, 2021 19:03 GMT)
2.3

115 km
49 km (30 mi)
South China Sea, 13 km south of Calatagan, Batangas, Calabarzon, Philippines
Monday, November 29, 2021 15:29 GMT (1 earthquake)
Nov 29, 2021 11:29 pm (GMT +8) (Nov 29, 2021 15:29 GMT)
2.5

113 km
62 km (39 mi)
South China Sea, 24 km northwest of Nasugbu, Batangas, Calabarzon, Philippines
Saturday, November 27, 2021 20:19 GMT (1 earthquake)
Nov 28, 2021 4:19 am (GMT +8) (Nov 27, 2021 20:19 GMT)
2.3

103 km
48 km (30 mi)
South China Sea, 24 km south of Nasugbu, Batangas, Calabarzon, Philippines
Tuesday, November 23, 2021 00:44 GMT (1 earthquake)
Nov 23, 2021 8:44 am (GMT +8) (Nov 23, 2021 00:44 GMT)
2.3

114 km
67 km (42 mi)
South China Sea, 27 km west of Nasugbu, Batangas, Calabarzon, Philippines

Background

The Taal caldera is largely filled by Lake Taal, whose 267 sq km surface lies only 3 m above sea level. The maximum depth of the lake is 160 m, and contains several eruptive centers submerged beneath the lake. All historic eruptions took place from the 5-km-wide volcanic island in the northern-central part of the lake.
The island is formed by overlapping stratovolcanoes, cinder cones and tuff rings (maars). Historic eruptions have seen the constant change and growth of the island.
Taal caused one of the worst volcano disasters in history: its eruption in 1911 killed 1334 people and caused ash fall as far as Manila city. Due to its devastating potential, Taal was declared one of the "Decade Volcanoes" in the Decade Volcanoes program of the 1990s in order to incentive study and monitoring of the volcano. Taal is today one of the most closely monitored volcanoes in the region. An increase in seismic activity under Taal was recorded in November 2006, followed by an increase in hot water springs in the crater in April 2007.

Aerial image of Taal Volcano Island credit: TheCoffee (Mike Gonzalez), CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Taal Photos

ErtaAleMondlicht.jpg (Photo: Reinhard Radke)
ErtaAleMondlicht.jpg (Photo: Reinhard Radke)
ertaale_d21533_5-7.jpg (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
ertaale_d21533_5-7.jpg (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
 



See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
Show more
Try our free app!
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - new app for Android
Android | iOS version

More on VolcanoDiscovery

Why is there advertising on this site?
Support us - Help us upgrade our services!
We truly love working to bring you the latest volcano and earthquake data from around the world. Maintaining our website and our free apps does require, however, considerable time and resources.
We need financing to increase hard- and software capacity as well as support our editor team. We're aiming to achieve uninterrupted service wherever an earthquake or volcano eruption unfolds, and your donations can make it happen! Every donation will be highly appreciated. If you find the information useful and would like to support our team in integrating further features, write great content, and in upgrading our soft- and hardware, please make a donation (PayPal or Online credit card payment).

Planned features:
  • Improved multilanguage support
  • Tsunami alerts
  • Faster responsiveness
Thanks to your past donations, these features have been added recently:
  • Earthquake archive from 1900 onwards
  • Detailed quake stats
  • Additional seismic data sources
Download and Upgrade the Volcanoes & Earthquakes app to get one of the fastest seismic and volcano alerts online:
Android | IOS
Thank you!
Copyrights: VolcanoDiscovery and other sources as noted.
Use of material: Most texts and images, in particular photographs, on this website are protected by copyright. Further reproduction and use of without authorization is usually not consented. If you are not sure or need licensing rights for photographs, for example for publications and commercial use, please contact us.
Home | Travel | Destinations | Volcanoes | Photos | Earthquakes | About | Glossary | News | Contact | Privacy | Imprint | EN | DE | EL | ES | FR | IT | RU
Follow us:Follow us on facebookFollow us on InstagramFollow us on TwitterVisit our Youtube channel