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Taal volcano

Updated: Dec 6, 2022 14:51 GMT -
caldera 311 m / 1,020 ft
Luzon, Philippines, 14°N / 120.99°E
Current status: minor activity or eruption warning (3 out of 5)
Last update: 6 Dec 2022 (Volcanic Ash Advisory)
Aerial photo of Taal Volcano on December 22, 2012 (image: Mike Gonzalez, Wikimedia Commons, see text for link)
Aerial photo of Taal Volcano on December 22, 2012 (image: Mike Gonzalez, Wikimedia Commons, see text for link)

Taal volcano with its lake-filled 15x20 km wide Talisay (Taal) caldera is a beautiful caldera volcano, but also one of the most active and dangerous volcanoes of the Philippines. Taal has had some of the country's largest and deadliest eruptions: At least 6 eruptions during the recorded history of Taal since 1572 claimed fatalities, mostly from powerful pyroclastic flows, as well as tsunamis produced in the crater lake.

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Typical eruption style: Explosive
Taal volcano eruptions: 2020, 1977, 1976, 1970, 1969, 1968, 1967, 1966, 1965, 1911, 1904, 1903, 1885(?), 1878, 1874, 1873, 1842, 1825, 1808, 1790, 1754, 1749, 1731, 1729, 1716, 1715, 1709, 1707, 1645, 1641, 1635, 1634, 1609, 1591, 1572

Latest nearby earthquakes

TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Sunday, November 27, 2022 GMT (2 quakes)
Nov 28, 2022 3:07 am (GMT +8) (Nov 27, 2022 19:07 GMT)
1.6

66 km
32 km (20 mi)
Philippines: 008 Km N 81° E of Nasugbu (Batangas)
Nov 27, 2022 6:29 pm (GMT +8) (Nov 27, 2022 10:29 GMT)
1.6

110 km
40 km (25 mi)
Philippines: 006 Km S 67° E of Calatagan (Batangas)

Background

The Taal caldera is largely filled by Lake Taal, whose 267 sq km surface lies only 3 m above sea level. The maximum depth of the lake is 160 m, and contains several eruptive centers submerged beneath the lake. All historic eruptions took place from the 5-km-wide volcanic island in the northern-central part of the lake.
The island is formed by overlapping stratovolcanoes, cinder cones and tuff rings (maars). Historic eruptions have seen the constant change and growth of the island.
Taal caused one of the worst volcano disasters in history: its eruption in 1911 killed 1334 people and caused ash fall as far as Manila city. Due to its devastating potential, Taal was declared one of the "Decade Volcanoes" in the Decade Volcanoes program of the 1990s in order to incentive study and monitoring of the volcano. Taal is today one of the most closely monitored volcanoes in the region. An increase in seismic activity under Taal was recorded in November 2006, followed by an increase in hot water springs in the crater in April 2007.

Aerial image of Taal Volcano Island credit: TheCoffee (Mike Gonzalez), CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Taal Photos




See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
Wed, 2 Nov 2022, 15:00

Taal volcano (Luzon, Philippines) - Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for 26 October-1 November 2022 (New Activity / Unrest)

PHIVOLCS reported continuing unrest at Taal during 25-31 October. Sulfur dioxide emissions averaged 544 tonnes per day on 27 October. There were 2-16 daily counts of small phreatomagmatic bursts during 25-29 October. ... Read all
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