BackgroundThe summit of Mount Griggs towers above Knife Creek on the NE side of the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes. The volcano is uniquely offset west of the NE-trending alignment of volcanoes in the Katmai area. The broad, 2317-m-high stratovolcano, formerly known as Knife Peak, consists of a late-Pleistocene volcano with glacial valleys on the north that was truncated on its SW side by an early Holocene edifice collapse. A Holocene volcano was subsequently constructed within the 1.5-km-wide scarp left by the emplacement of a large SW-flank debris avalanche. Nested cones with three concentric craters mostly fill the scarp, and thick, blocky lava flows blanket the SW flanks of the volcano below the collapse scarp. In contrast to the more silicic centers of the Katmai area along the crest of the range, lava flows from Griggs are dominantly andesitic in composition, and dacitic lava flows are uncommon. No historical eruptions have occurred from Griggs, but noisy fumarolic jets near the summit can be heard from the valley floor, 1750 m below.
Smithsonian / GVP volcano information
See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8