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Parker Volcano

Updated: Apr 24, 2024 11:22 GMT -
stratovolcano 1824 m / 5,984 ft
Mindanao (Philippines), 6.11°N / 124.89°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Last update: 12 Dec 2021 (Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report)

Parker volcano (also known as Falen locally) is a low, but steep-sided vegetated stratovolcano located 30 km west of General Santos City, near the southern tip of Mindanao Island, Philippines.
The andesitic-dacitic volcano contains a 2.9 km diameter summit caldera with a lake, Lake Maughan (2 km diameter).
Parker was recently identified as the source of a major explosive eruption in 1641, which caused devastating pyroclastic flows and lahars, and heavy ash fall and darkness over Mindanao Island. The 1641 eruption was one of 3 large explosions of Parker volcano within the past 3800 years. It created the present-day summit caldera.
The eruption style of Parker volcano is similar to Pinatubo volcano, which had a Plinian eruption in 1991.

[smaller] [larger]
Typical eruption style: highly explosive
Parker volcano eruptions: Dec 1640- Jan 1641 (plinian eruption), 1380 ± 75 years, 1920 BC ± 40 years

Latest nearby earthquakes

TimeMag. / DepthDistance / Location
Apr 24, 02:45 am (Manila)

32 km
Philippines: 021 km S 22° E of T'boli (South Cotabato)
Monday, April 22, 2024 GMT (1 quake)
Apr 22, 07:36 pm (Manila)

36 km
Philippines: 017 km N 16° W of Maasim (Sarangani)
Wednesday, April 17, 2024 GMT (1 quake)
Apr 17, 01:36 pm (Manila)

32 km
13 km (8.3 mi) to the NW Philippines: 000 km S 34° E of T'boli (South Cotabato)
Tuesday, April 16, 2024 GMT (2 quakes)
Apr 17, 01:12 am (Manila)

35 km
Philippines: 019 km S 03° E of T'boli (South Cotabato)
Apr 17, 12:21 am (Manila)

17 km
21 km (13 mi) to the SE Philippines: 011 km N 04° E of Maasim (Sarangani)
Thursday, April 11, 2024 GMT (1 quake)
Apr 11, 11:10 am (Manila)

36 km
Philippines: 005 km N 82° E of T'boli (South Cotabato)

Eruptions of Parker volcano

2002 earthquake & crater lake landslide
A magnitude 7.5 earthquake occurred near Parker volcano on 6 March 2002 and an eruption alarm was triggered. The quake caused a portion of the volcano's crater wall to breach and fall into Lake Maughan at the top of the volcano. The landslide caused a flood from the lake that washed away houses and about 33 families were evacuated from river banks below Lake Maughan.

Latest satellite images

Parker satellite image sat1Parker satellite image sat2
Wed, 6 Mar 2002, 06:00

Parker volcano (Mindanao, Philippines) - Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for 6 March-12 March 2002 (New Activity / Unrest)

PHIVOLCS staff dispelled concerns that Parker might erupt after a M 7.5 earthquake (according to the US Geological Survey NEIC) occurred near the volcano on 6 March at 0516. According to news articles, tremor caused a portion of the volcano's crater wall to breach and fall into Lake Maughan atop the volcano. Articles also stated that tons of water that were released from the lake washed away houses and about 33 families were evacuated from river banks below Lake Maughan due to fears that more of the lake would overflow. ... Read all

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