El Tatio volcano

Updated: Jul 6, 2022 16:38 GMT - Refresh
hydrothermal field 4280 m / 14,042 ft
Northern Chile, Bolivia and Argentina (South America), -22.35°S / -68.03°W
Current status: (probably) extinct (0 out of 5)

El Tatio is one of the most impressive thermal areas of the Andes. The geothermal field is located in northern Chile within a depression east of a chain of older volcanoes, Cerro Deslinde, Cerro Volcán, Cerros del Tatio, and Volcán Tatio.
The Hoyada de Los Geisers del Tatio geothermal field covers 30 sq km and contains 85 fumaroles and solfataras, 62 hot springs, 40 geysers, 5 mud volcanoes, and extensive sinter terraces. It is the world's third largest geyser field and the largest geothermal area in the southern hemisphere.
It has been tried to install geothermal energy plants, but the remoteness of the area and difficulty in providing infrastructure prohibited its development.

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Typical eruption style: explosive
El Tatio volcano eruptions: none within the past 10,000 years
Lastest nearby earthquakes:
TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Saturday, July 2, 2022 GMT (1 quake)
Jul 2, 2022 10:07 am (GMT -4) (Jul 2, 2022 14:07 GMT)
3.8

223 km
13 km (8.1 mi)
Departamento de Potosi, Bolivia, 104 km east of Calama, Chile
Wednesday, June 29, 2022 GMT (1 quake)
Jun 29, 2022 4:01 pm (GMT -4) (Jun 29, 2022 20:01 GMT)
3.2

221 km
41 km (25 mi)
POTOSI, BOLIVIA
Tuesday, June 28, 2022 GMT (1 quake)
Jun 28, 2022 7:24 pm (GMT -4) (Jun 28, 2022 23:24 GMT)
3.1

189 km
12 km (7.5 mi)
Departamento de Potosi, Bolivia, 104 km east of Calama, Chile
Monday, June 27, 2022 GMT (1 quake)
Jun 26, 2022 11:54 pm (GMT -4) (Jun 27, 2022 03:54 GMT)
4.5

185 km
31 km (19 mi)
98 km east of Calama, Provincia de El Loa, Antofagasta, Chile

Background

Quaternary (Guest and Sanchez, 1969); not Holocene (Moreno, 1985).
---
Source: Smithsonian / GVP volcano information

El Tatio Photos

Several effusive vents arranged in a row on top of a dyke, feeding lava flows into Puka Nui collapse pit at Pu'u 'O'o crater, Kilauea volcano. hawaii_e7579.jpg (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Several effusive vents arranged in a row on top of a dyke, feeding lava flows into Puka Nui collapse pit at Pu'u 'O'o crater, Kilauea volcano. hawaii_e7579.jpg (Photo: To...
The lava fountain increases and a second vent opens up a few meters down along the fissure. The lava flow branches into two arms.  (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The lava fountain increases and a second vent opens up a few meters down along the fissure. The lava flow branches into two arms. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The seismic station on the old crater rim has suffered a lot of impacts during the eruption (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The seismic station on the old crater rim has suffered a lot of impacts during the eruption (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
A small fountain of liquid lava appears at the lower end of the fissure feeding the lava flow. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
A small fountain of liquid lava appears at the lower end of the fissure feeding the lava flow. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
 



See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
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