Fogo volcano

Stratovolcano 2829 m / 9,281 ft
Cape Verde, 14.95°N / -24.35°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Last update: 1 Mar 2020

The island of Fogo consists of a single massive stratovolcano that is the most prominent of the Cape Verde Islands. Fogo is the most active volcano in the Cape Verde.

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Typical eruption style: unspecified
Fogo volcano eruptions: 2014-15, 1995, 1951

Latest nearby earthquakes

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Background

The roughly circular 25-km-wide island is truncated by a large 9-km-wide caldera that is breached to the east and has a headwall 1 km high. The caldera is located asymmetrically NE of the center of the island and was formed as a result of massive lateral collapse of the ancestral Monte Armarelo edifice. A very youthful steep-sided central cone, Pico, rises more than 1 km above the caldera floor to about 100 m above the caldera rim, forming the 2829 m high point of the island. Pico, which is capped by a 500-m-wide, 150-m-deep summit crater, was apparently in almost continuous activity from the time of Portuguese settlement in 1500 AD until around 1760. Later historical lava flows, some from vents on the caldera floor, reached the eastern coast below the breached caldera.
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Smithsonian / GVP volcano information

Fogo Photos

Fogo Volcano (Cape Verde) 
2014-2015 eruption (23 November 2014 to 08 February 2015).Image taken December 4, 19h 20m local time. 14 56 35 N, 24 21 20 W.
Mario Moreira mario.aa.moreira@gmail.com (Photo: MarioMoreira)
Fogo Volcano (Cape Verde)
2014-2015 eruption (23 November 2014 to 08 February 2015).Image taken December 4, 19h 20m local time. 14 56 35 N, 24 21 20 W.
Mario M...
Fogo volcano (Cape Verde)
2014-2015 eruption (23 November 2014 to 08 February 2015).Image taken 05 December, 19h 40m local time. 14º56'35" N, 24º21'20" W. (Photo: MarioMoreira)
Fogo volcano (Cape Verde)
2014-2015 eruption (23 November 2014 to 08 February 2015).Image taken 05 December, 19h 40m local time. 14º56'35" N, 24º21'20" W. (Photo: Ma...
Bursting lava bubble, Fogo volcano eruption Nov-Dec 2014 (Photo: Martin Rietze)
Bursting lava bubble, Fogo volcano eruption Nov-Dec 2014 (Photo: Martin Rietze)
Bursting lava bubble, Fogo volcano eruption Nov-Dec 2014 (Photo: Martin Rietze)
Bursting lava bubble, Fogo volcano eruption Nov-Dec 2014 (Photo: Martin Rietze)
 



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