Get our newsletter!
Check out the volcano tours offered by Volcano-Adventures!
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - new app for Android
Guaranteed tours:
12-18 Mar: Kilauea Volcano Special - Big Island, Hawaiʻi
12-18 Apr: Kilauea Volcano Special - Big Island, Hawaiʻi
22-29 Apr: Pearl of the Aegean - Santorini - Santorini Island, Greece
13-21 May: From Stromboli to Etna - Eolian Islands + Etna volcano (Italy)
20-27(28) May: Fascination Volcano - Santorini Island (Greece)
29 May - 3 Jun: Aegean's Hidden Gem: Isle of Milos - Milos Island (Greece)
3-18 Jun: From Krakatau to Bali - Java (Indonesia)
4-11 Jun: Nyiragongo Lava Lake & Mountain Gorillas - DR Congo + Rwanda
10-18 Jun: From Stromboli to Etna - Eolian Islands + Etna volcano (Italy)
8-23 Jul: From Krakatau to Bali - Java (Indonesia)
: spaces available / : guaranteed / : few spaces left / : booked out
 
Random pictures
Wednesday, Dec 28, 2016
Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Buenos Aires (VAAC) issued the following report: ... [more]
Monday, Nov 25, 2013
VAAC Buenos Aires received a pilot report of a light ash plume between 10,000 and 25,000 ft altitude from the volcano this afternoon. However, this seems to be a false eruption report. ... [more]
 

Llaima volcano

stratovolcano 3125 m / 10,253 ft
Central Chile and Argentina, South America, -38.69°S / -71.73°W
Current status: minor activity or eruption warning (3 out of 5)
Llaima webcams / live data
Llaima volcano books
Last update: 28 Dec 2016
Typical eruption style: explosive and effusive
Llaima volcano eruptions: Jan 2008 - June 2009, 2007 (May-Aug), 2003, 1998, 1997, 1995, 1994, 1992, 1990, 1984, 1979, 1971-72, 1964, 1955-57, 1949, 1946, 1945, 1944, 1942, 1941, 1938, 1937, 1932-33, 1932, 1930, 1929, 1927, 1922, 1917, 1914, 1912, 1907-08, 1903, 1895-96, 1893-94, 1892, 1889, 1887, 1875-76, 1874 (?), 1872, 1869, 1866, 1864, 1862, 1852-53, 1822, 1759, 1751-52, 1640 No recent earthquakes
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Llaima stratovolcano is one of Chile's largest and most active volcanoes. It is located 90 km S of Callaqui in the Araucanía Region of southern-central Chile, in the Conguillio National Park about 80 km from the city of Temuco.
It is one of the volcanoes with the most known historic eruptions in South America. Its eruptions are brief episodes with spectacular lava fountains, strombolian activity and lava flows. Eruptions often occur along NNE trending fissures.

Background:

Llaima contains two main historically active craters, one at the summit and the other, Pichillaima, to the SE. The volcano is dominantly basaltic-to-andesitic and has a volume of 400 cubic km.
About 7200 years ago, activity at Llaima became less explosive and more effusive. Following the end of an explosive phase, the construction of the present edifice began, which consists primarily of lava flows. It overlaps an 8-km-wide caldera that formed about 13,200 years ago, after a violent eruption that deposited the 24 km3 Curacautín Ignimbrite.
Llaima has over 40 flank vents that have formed cinder cones. Its eruptions are characterized by strombolian, hawaiian, and infrequent subplinian eruptions. Frequent moderate explosive eruptions with occasional lava flows have been recorded since the 17th century.

April 2009 eruption
Llaima volcano erupted on Friday 3 April 2009 following several months of low seismic activity. On 2 April at 16:00 h local time, amplitude and frequency of long period earthquakes increased to 45 to 60 per hour and remained constant until 6pm on 3 April, when it evelved into continuous low frequency seismic tremor. The seismic increase during 2-3 April was associated with weak vapour emissions.
From 20:30 h on 3 April, eyewitnesses reported glow in the main crater. At 21:00 h, tremor increased, and at 22:45 h weak strombolian explosions occurred from the main crater.
Until 06:00 h on 4 April, moderate strombolian explosions occurred every 1-3 seconds from 2 vents in the crater. Incandescent bombs were ejected up to 700 m above the crater. Muddy water was observed in drainage ravines, and a lahar warning was sent out.
---
Source: GVP monthly reports

2008 eruption
Llaima volcano erupted again on 1 January 2008, producing lava fountains, lava flows and ash. The eruption persisted on fluctuating levels throughout the year. On 10 July, powerful strombolian eruptions reaching a height of 500 m above the crater. An exclusion zone was placed around the volcano, and residents were evacuated. 3 ash eruptions occurred on 21 August, sending ash to 11,000 ft (ca. 4 km) altitude.

2007 eruption
Ash eruptions at Llaima volcano sent an ash plume to 17,000 ft (ca. 6 km) altitude on 8 August 2007.

2003 eruption
In early January 2003, an increase in ground temperature at Llaima volcano started to melt snow and ice in the north and south craters, exposing bare rock at the summit and Pichillaima crater.
3 ash eruptions occurred on 10 April, causing ash fall on the N slope of Captrén. On 11 April, a helicopter overflight discovered impact craters from bombs on the snow and ash fall on the glaciers on the NE, E, SE, and SW flanks of Llaima, extending to up to 4 km.

1998 eruption
Small ash eruptions occurred at Llaima volcano in April 1998.

1997 eruption
Small phreatic or phreatomagmatic ash eruptions occurred at Llaima volcano during March-September 1997 and were detected by seismographs.

1995 ash eruptions
Llaima volcano started small ash eruptions on 13 October 1995. During the night of 20-21 October, a stronger explosion occurred from the main crater and deposited ash in a 12 km long area towards the SW from the summit.

1994 May 17 explosive eruption - large ash plume & destructive lahars
A powerful vulcanian ash eruption eruption began at Llaima volcano on 17 May 1994. A 5 km tall ash plume was erupted, reaching 8 km altitude and extended 300 km ESE. Ash fall occurred in the towns of Zapala and Cutral-Co, in the Neuquén Province, Argentina.
Lava flows underneath the glaciated summit melted ice and snow and caused devastating lahars. One reached the town of Vilcún (43 km W of Llaima), and destroyed 5 bridges across the Rio Calbuco, and left 59 people straded.
---
Source: GVP monthly reports

1992 eruptions
3 small summit eruptions occurred at Llaima volcano between 23 August and 2 September 1992.

1990 eruption
A small explosion occurred on 25 February 1990, followed by a sustained fountain of glowing ash. Small lahars were detected on the east flank. ...more

1984 eruption
Llaima volcano had a strong eruption from its central crater on 20 April 1984. The eruptions were visible from Temuco, 70 km W of the volcano. People living in the immediate surroundings of the volcano were evacuated.

1979 ash eruptions
Eruptions began at Llaima volcano on 15 October 1979. An ash plume of 1 km height above the crater was produced. On 24 November, 2 explosions sent ash up to 2 km above the summit.

Latest satellite images

 

More on VolcanoDiscovery:

Copyrights: VolcanoDiscovery and other sources as noted.
Use of material: Text and images on this webpage are copyrighted. Further reproduction and use without authorization is not consented. If you need licensing rights for photographs, for example for publications and commercial use, please contact us.