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Meru volcano

Updated: Feb 5, 2023 00:01 GMT -
Stratovolcano 4565 m / 14,977 ft
Tanzania, -3.25°S / 36.75°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Last update: 9 Mar 2022 (no eruption - large forest fire)

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Typical eruption style: unspecified
Meru volcano eruptions: 2015, 1910

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Background

Meru volcano, Africa's fourth highest mountain, is dwarfed by neighboring Kilimanjaro volcano, but is an impressive peak in its own right. Seen from the west, Meru has a conical profile, but it contains a 5-km-wide breached caldera on the east side that formed about 7800 years ago when the summit of the volcano collapsed. Associated massive debris avalanches and lahars traveled as far as the western flank of Kilimanjaro volcano. Parasitic cones and lava domes are located on all sides; a maar field is present on the lower north flank. The historically active Ash Cone forms a prominent symmetrical cone inside the breached caldera. A second vent between it and the caldera headwall has fed lava flows that cover much of the caldera floor.
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Smithsonian / GVP volcano information

Meru Photos




See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
Mon, 21 Sep 2015, 18:17

Meru volcano (Tanzania): false eruption report - plume caused by forest fire

The volcano is NOT erupting. The reported eruption turned out to be a false report - what seemed to be an ash plume was in fact caused by a huge forest fire on the slopes of Meru. ... Read all
Mon, 21 Sep 2015, 07:31

Meru volcano (Tanzania): new eruption reported, first in 105 years

Image of Meru's eruption yesterday (image: Selle Higgins @safariwithselle / twitter)
A new eruption has been reported yesterday from the volcano, which has last been active 105 years ago. ... Read all
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