Mount Baker volcano
stratovolcano 3285 m / 10,777 ft
Washington, Canada and USA (mainland), 48.78°N / -121.81°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Mt Baker 50 km east of Bellingham, Washington, is the northernmost of Washington's volcanoes and one of the lesser known ones in the Cascade Range.
Typical eruption style
Mt Baker Volcano has been very active during the last centuries, but has been in repose now for more than 130 years.
Early settlers in the Puget Sound region observed 19th-century activity, which consisted of relatively small phreatic eruptions. Sherman Crater, the historically active crater immediately south of the summit, started to emit steam since 1975, but no other signs suggest a reawakening in the near future.
The main hazard from Mt Baker are lahars, caused by melting of glacial ice covering the upper slopes. Baker is drained in the north by North Fork Nooksack River, in the west by Middle Fork Nooksack River, and east by Baker River. These valley are at risk of such lahars in case of a new eruption.
The eruption in 1843 killed fish in Baker River, ignited forest and caused minor ash fall in nearby areas. Steam emissions continued at the Sherman Crater and Dorr fumarole field on the north flank until the 1940's and 1950's.
Mount Baker volcano eruptions
: 1884(?), 1880, 1870, 1869(?), 1867(?), 1865(?), 1863, 1860(?), 1859-60, 1858, 1856(?), 1854, 1852-53, 1850(?), 1846(?), 1843, 1820(?), 1792
Latest nearby earthquakes
No recent earthquakes
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