2 spots left on Iceland Geo Tour 16-30 July 2022

Pelée volcano

Updated: Jul 5, 2022 16:24 GMT - Refresh
Stratovolcano 1397 m / 4,583 ft
West Indies, France, 14.82°N / -61.17°W
Current status: restless (2 out of 5)
Last update: 22 Dec 2021 (weak seismic unrest)

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Typical eruption style: unspecified
Pelée volcano eruptions: 1929-32
Lastest nearby earthquakes:
TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Monday, June 27, 2022 GMT (2 quakes)
Jun 27, 2022 6:25 am (GMT -4) (Jun 27, 2022 10:25 GMT)
1.1

1.5 km
2 km (1.2 mi)
Martinique: Near Fort-de-France
Jun 27, 2022 3:41 am (GMT -4) (Jun 27, 2022 07:41 GMT)
1.9

100 km
60 km (37 mi)
Martinique: Near Le Lamentin
Wednesday, June 22, 2022 GMT (2 quakes)
Jun 22, 2022 8:15 am (GMT -4) (Jun 22, 2022 12:15 GMT)
1.5

4.4 km
29 km (18 mi)
Martinique: Near Fort-de-France
Jun 22, 2022 5:04 am (GMT -4) (Jun 22, 2022 09:04 GMT)
0.9

6.9 km
29 km (18 mi)
Martinique: Near Fort-de-France

Background

Renowned Montagne Pelée, forming the northern end of the island of Martinique, is the most active volcano of the Lesser Antilles arc. Three major edifice failures since the late Pleistocene, the last about 9000 years ago, have left large horseshoe-shaped calderas breached to the SW inside which the modern volcano has been constructed. More than 20 major eruptions have occurred at Pelée during the past 5000 years. Extensive pyroclastic-flow deposits, incised by steep-walled ravines, mantle the slopes of the volcano. The l'Etang Sec summit crater is filled by two lava domes emplaced during the 1902 and 1929 eruptions. Historical eruptions date back to the 18th century; only two modest phreatic or phreatomagmatic eruptions took place prior to 1902. The catastrophic 1902 eruption, which destroyed the city of St. Pierre, the "Pearl of the Lesser Antilles," became the type-example of pelean eruptions and marked the onset of modern volcanological studies of the behavior of pyroclastic flows.
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Smithsonian / GVP volcano information

Pelée Photos

Mt Pelée volcano on Martinique Island (Photo: Richard Arculus)
Mt Pelée volcano on Martinique Island (Photo: Richard Arculus)
 



See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
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