Pelée volcano

Stratovolcano 1397 m / 4,583 ft
West Indies, France, 14.82°N / -61.17°W
Current status: restless (2 out of 5)
Last update: 10 Jun 2021 (weak seismic unrest)

Show interactive Map
[hide map] [enlarge]
Typical eruption style: unspecified
Pelée volcano eruptions: 1929-32

Latest nearby earthquakes

TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Sun, 20 Jun 2021 (GMT) (2 earthquakes)
20 Jun 2021 04:38:33 GMT
0.2

1 km
1.9 km (1.2 mi)
Martinique: Near Fort-de-France
20 Jun 2021 00:55:01 GMT
0.2

1 km
0.8 km (0.5 mi)
Martinique: Near Fort-de-France
Tue, 15 Jun 2021 (GMT) (2 earthquakes)
15 Jun 2021 12:53:56 GMT
0.3

1.3 km
0.8 km (0.5 mi)
Martinique: Near Fort-de-France
15 Jun 2021 09:29:19 GMT
0.9

9.5 km
35 km (22 mi)
Martinique: Near Le Lamentin
Mon, 14 Jun 2021 (GMT) (1 earthquake)
14 Jun 2021 18:21:48 GMT
3.1

139 km
44 km (27 mi)
Caribbean Sea, 32 km east of Roseau, Saint George, Dominica

Background

Renowned Montagne Pelée, forming the northern end of the island of Martinique, is the most active volcano of the Lesser Antilles arc. Three major edifice failures since the late Pleistocene, the last about 9000 years ago, have left large horseshoe-shaped calderas breached to the SW inside which the modern volcano has been constructed. More than 20 major eruptions have occurred at Pelée during the past 5000 years. Extensive pyroclastic-flow deposits, incised by steep-walled ravines, mantle the slopes of the volcano. The l'Etang Sec summit crater is filled by two lava domes emplaced during the 1902 and 1929 eruptions. Historical eruptions date back to the 18th century; only two modest phreatic or phreatomagmatic eruptions took place prior to 1902. The catastrophic 1902 eruption, which destroyed the city of St. Pierre, the "Pearl of the Lesser Antilles," became the type-example of pelean eruptions and marked the onset of modern volcanological studies of the behavior of pyroclastic flows.
---
Smithsonian / GVP volcano information

Pelée Photos

 



See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
Show more
Try our free app!
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - new app for Android
Android | iOS version

More on VolcanoDiscovery

Why is there advertising on this site?
Support us - Help us upgrade our services!
We truly love working to bring you the latest volcano and earthquake data from around the world. Maintaining our website and our free apps does require, however, considerable time and resources.
We need financing to increase hard- and software capacity as well as support our editor team. We're aiming to achieve uninterrupted service wherever an earthquake or volcano eruption unfolds, and your donations can make it happen! Every donation will be highly appreciated. If you find the information useful and would like to support our team in integrating further features, write great content, and in upgrading our soft- and hardware, please make a donation (PayPal or Online credit card payment).

Planned features:
  • Weather reports
  • Tsunami alerts
  • Design upgrades
  • Faster responsiveness
Thanks to your past donations, these features have been added recently:
  • Earthquake archive from 1900 onwards
  • Additional seismic data sources
  • Improved content in English
Download and Upgrade the Volcanoes & Earthquakes app to get one of the fastest seismic and volcano alerts online:
Android | IOS
Thank you!
Copyrights: VolcanoDiscovery and other sources as noted.
Use of material: Most texts and images, in particular photographs, on this website are protected by copyright. Further reproduction and use of without authorization is usually not consented. If you are not sure or need licensing rights for photographs, for example for publications and commercial use, please contact us.