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Santa Ana volcano

Updated: Jul 3, 2022 17:09 GMT - Refresh
stratovolcano 2381 m / 7,812 ft
El Salvador, 13.85°N / -89.63°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Last update: 10 Dec 2021 (Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report)

Santa Ana (also known as Ilamatepec) volcano is a stratovolcano about 45 km west of San Salvador city. It is El Salvador's highest volcano and one of its most active.
The broad summit of Santa Ana has a beautiful array of concentric craters with crescent-shaped rims.
Historical activity were mainly small-to-moderate explosive eruptions from both summit and flank vents and has been documented since the 16th century. The San Marcelino cinder cone on the SE flank produced a lava flow in 1722 that traveled 13 km to the east.

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Typical eruption style: explosive
Santa Ana volcano eruptions: 2005, 1920, 1904, 1884, 1882(?), 1880, 1879, 1878(?), 1874, 1734, 1722, 1621(?), 1576, ?1570, 1524, 1521, 1520(?)
Lastest nearby earthquakes:
TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Tuesday, June 28, 2022 GMT (1 quake)
Jun 27, 2022 10:16 pm (GMT -4) (Jun 28, 2022 02:16 GMT)
2.8

10.8 km
3131 km (1946 mi)
Caribbean Sea, 46 km east of Castries, Ciceron, Castries, St. Lucia
Friday, June 24, 2022 GMT (1 quake)
Jun 24, 2022 8:17 am (GMT -6) (Jun 24, 2022 14:17 GMT)
3.8

64 km
226 km (140 mi)
37 km west of Tegucigalpa, Honduras
Tuesday, June 21, 2022 GMT (2 quakes)
Jun 21, 2022 9:27 am (GMT -4) (Jun 21, 2022 13:27 GMT)
2.5

14 km
3161 km (1964 mi)
Caribbean Sea, 75 km east of Castries, Ciceron, Castries, St. Lucia
Jun 20, 2022 7:39 pm (GMT -6) (Jun 21, 2022 01:39 GMT)
2.6

4 km
377 km (234 mi)
36 km east of Ocotal, Departamento de Nueva Segovia, Nicaragua
Monday, June 20, 2022 GMT (1 quake)
Jun 19, 2022 8:02 pm (GMT -6) (Jun 20, 2022 02:02 GMT)
2.7

5 km
263 km (163 mi)
27 km north of Choluteca, Honduras

Background

Santa Ana is dominantly andesitic-to-trachyandesitic. It is located immediately west of Coatepeque caldera. Collapse of Santa Ana during the late Pleistocene produced a voluminous debris avalanche that swept into the Pacific Ocean, forming the Acajutla Peninsula.
Reconstruction of the volcano subsequently filled most of the collapse scarp. There are several parasitic vents and cones which have formed along a 20-km-long fissure system that extends from near the town of Chalchuapa NNW of the volcano to the San Marcelino and Cerro la Olla cinder cones on the SE flank.

2005 eruption
A sudden explosive eruption occurred at Santa Ana volcano at 08:20 local time on 1 October 2005. It produced a violent explosion of 1 hour, generating a 10 km high eruption column. 2 people were killed probably by a boiling lahar, and thousands evacuated. ...more

See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
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