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Süphan Dağ volcano

lava dome, strato volcano, pyroclatsic flows 4158 m
Turkey, 38.93°N / 42.83°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5) | Reports
Süphan Dağ volcano books
Typical eruption style: explosive
Süphan Dağ volcano eruptions: 10.000 years ago
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Sun, 27 Sep 2020
Sun, 27 Sep 08:02 UTCM 2.7 / 2 km18 km37 Km SSW of Patnos, Turkey
Mon, 21 Sep 2020
Mon, 21 Sep 07:45 UTCM 2.1 / 3.7 km29 kmEsenkiyi-adilcevaz (bitlis), Turkey
Sat, 8 Aug 2020
Sat, 8 Aug 10:40 UTCM 2.0 / 24.4 km28 kmAdilcevaz (bitlis) (Turkey)
Thu, 2 Jul 2020
Thu, 2 Jul 17:24 UTCM 3.2 / 6 km20 kmEastern Turkey
Sat, 30 May 2020
Sat, 30 May 12:35 UTCM 2.0 / 13.2 km29 kmDuzceli-patnos (agri) (Turkey)
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The huge lava dome and strato-volcano is situated north of the famous lake Van.


A glacial ice cap covers the top of the lava dome. It is the second highest volcano of Turkey. During construction of the volcano andesitic-dacitic lava flows alternated with fluid basaltic flows, followed by construction of a large lava dome over the central vent. The flanks of the volcano are dotted with numerous lava domes and pyroclastic cones erupted along radial and circumferential fissures, particularly on the northern, souther, and eastern sides. The 1.5-km-wide, low-rimmed Aygirgölü maar was erupted on the lower southern flank. During the latest stage of activity, voluminous basaltic lava flows traveled as far as 30 km from the summit. Potassium-Argon dates for Süphan Dağ range from 2 to about 0.1 million years, but the latest basaltic eruption occurred about 10,000 years ago (Yilmaz et al., 1998).

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