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Süphan Dağ volcano

Updated: Sep 30, 2022 20:53 GMT -
lava dome, strato volcano, pyroclatsic flows 4158 m
Turkey, 38.93°N / 42.83°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)

The huge lava dome and strato-volcano is situated north of the famous lake Van.

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Typical eruption style: explosive
Süphan Dağ volcano eruptions: 10.000 years ago

Latest nearby earthquakes

TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Wednesday, September 28, 2022 GMT (1 quake)
Sep 28, 2022 6:08 am (GMT +3) (Sep 28, 2022 03:08 GMT)
1.7

17 km
38 km (24 mi)
31 km northwest of Van, Turkey

Background

A glacial ice cap covers the top of the lava dome. It is the second highest volcano of Turkey. During construction of the volcano andesitic-dacitic lava flows alternated with fluid basaltic flows, followed by construction of a large lava dome over the central vent. The flanks of the volcano are dotted with numerous lava domes and pyroclastic cones erupted along radial and circumferential fissures, particularly on the northern, souther, and eastern sides. The 1.5-km-wide, low-rimmed Aygirgölü maar was erupted on the lower southern flank. During the latest stage of activity, voluminous basaltic lava flows traveled as far as 30 km from the summit. Potassium-Argon dates for Süphan Dağ range from 2 to about 0.1 million years, but the latest basaltic eruption occurred about 10,000 years ago (Yilmaz et al., 1998).


See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
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