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Taupo volcano

Caldera 760 m / 2,493 ft
New Zealand, -38.82°S / 176°E
Current status: dormant (1 out of 5)
Taupo volcano books
Typical eruption style: unspecified
Taupo volcano eruptions: 260 AD (?) 
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Mon, 11 Dec
Mon, 11 Dec 20:06 UTCM 1.3 / 5.1 km3 kmNew Zealand
Mon, 11 Dec 17:23 UTCM 1.7 / 91.3 km24 kmNew Zealand
Mon, 11 Dec 14:34 UTCM 1.9 / 101.6 km16 kmNew Zealand
Sun, 10 Dec
Sun, 10 Dec 18:07 UTCM 0.8 / 5.1 km4 kmNew Zealand
Sun, 10 Dec 12:39 UTCM 1.6 / 58.4 km21 kmNew Zealand
View all recent quakes

Background:

Taupo, the most active rhyolitic volcano of the Taupo volcanic zone, is a large, roughly 35-km-wide caldera with poorly defined margins. It is a type example of an "inverse volcano" that slopes inward towards the most recent vent location. The Taupo caldera, now filled by Lake Taupo, largely formed as a result of the voluminous eruption of the Oruanui Tephra about 22,600 years before present (BP). This was the largest known eruption at Taupo, producing about 1170 cu km of tephra. This eruption was preceded during the late Pleistocene by the eruption of a large number of rhyolitic lava domes north of Lake Taupo. Large explosive eruptions have occurred frequently during the Holocene from many vents within Lake Taupo and near its margins. The most recent major eruption took place about 1800 years BP from at least three vents along a NE-SW-trending fissure centered on the Horomotangi Reefs. This extremely violent eruption was New Zealand's largest during the Holocene and produced the thin but widespread phreatoplinian Taupo Ignimbrite, which covered 20,000 sq km of North Island.
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Smithsonian / GVP volcano information

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