Taupo volcano

Caldera 760 m / 2,493 ft
New Zealand, -38.82°S / 176°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)

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Typical eruption style: unspecified
Taupo volcano eruptions: 260 AD (?) 

Latest nearby earthquakes

TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Sun, 13 Jun 2021 (GMT) (1 earthquake)
13 Jun 2021 17:28:38 GMT
1.4

120 km
32 km (20 mi)
New Zealand
Sat, 12 Jun 2021 (GMT) (1 earthquake)
12 Jun 2021 13:21:58 GMT
3.1

126 km
23 km (14 mi)
29 km west of Taupo, Waikato, New Zealand
Fri, 11 Jun 2021 (GMT) (3 earthquakes)
11 Jun 2021 22:52:15 GMT
2.6

144 km
41 km (25 mi)
Taupo District, Waikato, 46 km southwest of Rotorua, Bay of Plenty, New Zealand
11 Jun 2021 21:31:45 GMT
0.3
49 km (30 mi)
New Zealand
11 Jun 2021 20:08:40 GMT
0.5

3.2 km
49 km (30 mi)
New Zealand

Background

Taupo, the most active rhyolitic volcano of the Taupo volcanic zone, is a large, roughly 35-km-wide caldera with poorly defined margins. It is a type example of an "inverse volcano" that slopes inward towards the most recent vent location. The Taupo caldera, now filled by Lake Taupo, largely formed as a result of the voluminous eruption of the Oruanui Tephra about 22,600 years before present (BP). This was the largest known eruption at Taupo, producing about 1170 cu km of tephra. This eruption was preceded during the late Pleistocene by the eruption of a large number of rhyolitic lava domes north of Lake Taupo. Large explosive eruptions have occurred frequently during the Holocene from many vents within Lake Taupo and near its margins. The most recent major eruption took place about 1800 years BP from at least three vents along a NE-SW-trending fissure centered on the Horomotangi Reefs. This extremely violent eruption was New Zealand's largest during the Holocene and produced the thin but widespread phreatoplinian Taupo Ignimbrite, which covered 20,000 sq km of North Island.
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Smithsonian / GVP volcano information

Taupo Photos

 



See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
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