2 spots left on Iceland Geo Tour 16-30 July 2022

Taupo volcano

Updated: Jul 4, 2022 05:58 GMT - Refresh
Caldera 760 m / 2,493 ft
New Zealand, -38.82°S / 176°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Last update: 1 Jun 2022 (seismic swarm continues)

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Typical eruption style: unspecified
Taupo volcano eruptions: 260 AD (?) 
Lastest nearby earthquakes:
TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Wednesday, June 29, 2022 GMT (1 quake)
Jun 30, 2022 2:48 am (GMT +12) (Jun 29, 2022 14:48 GMT)
0.8

4 km
43 km (27 mi)
New Zealand
Friday, June 24, 2022 GMT (2 quakes)
Jun 25, 2022 7:58 am (GMT +12) (Jun 24, 2022 19:58 GMT)
1.8

139 km
42 km (26 mi)
Waikato, 58 km northwest of North Island, New Zealand
Jun 24, 2022 1:53 pm (GMT +12) (Jun 24, 2022 01:53 GMT)
1.6

4.3 km
45 km (28 mi)
20 km southwest of Turangi, Waikato, New Zealand
Thursday, June 23, 2022 GMT (1 quake)
Jun 23, 2022 8:59 pm (GMT +12) (Jun 23, 2022 08:59 GMT)
2.0

113 km
37 km (23 mi)
Manawatu-Wanganui, 42 km west of Taupo, Waikato, New Zealand
Tuesday, June 21, 2022 GMT (1 quake)
Jun 21, 2022 3:14 pm (GMT +12) (Jun 21, 2022 03:14 GMT)
1.8

130 km
36 km (22 mi)
Manawatu-Wanganui, 39 km west of Taupo, Waikato, New Zealand

Background

Taupo, the most active rhyolitic volcano of the Taupo volcanic zone, is a large, roughly 35-km-wide caldera with poorly defined margins. It is a type example of an "inverse volcano" that slopes inward towards the most recent vent location. The Taupo caldera, now filled by Lake Taupo, largely formed as a result of the voluminous eruption of the Oruanui Tephra about 22,600 years before present (BP). This was the largest known eruption at Taupo, producing about 1170 cu km of tephra. This eruption was preceded during the late Pleistocene by the eruption of a large number of rhyolitic lava domes north of Lake Taupo. Large explosive eruptions have occurred frequently during the Holocene from many vents within Lake Taupo and near its margins. The most recent major eruption took place about 1800 years BP from at least three vents along a NE-SW-trending fissure centered on the Horomotangi Reefs. This extremely violent eruption was New Zealand's largest during the Holocene and produced the thin but widespread phreatoplinian Taupo Ignimbrite, which covered 20,000 sq km of North Island.
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Smithsonian / GVP volcano information

Taupo Photos

Panorama over the Taupo volcanic zone seen from the rim of Tarawera volcano (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Panorama over the Taupo volcanic zone seen from the rim of Tarawera volcano (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
 



See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
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