Tenerife volcano

shield volcano 3715 m
Canary Islands (Spain), 28.27°N / -16.64°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Last update: 16 Jun 2019

The large triangular island of Tenerife is composed of a complex of overlapping Miocene-to-Quaternary stratovolcanoes that have remained active into historical time.

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Typical eruption style: Explosive
Tenerife volcano eruptions: 1909, 1798, 1706, 1704, 1492, 1444?, 1396?, 1341?

Latest nearby earthquakes

TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Mon, 21 Jun 2021 (GMT) (1 earthquake)
21 Jun 2021 04:20:42 GMT
1.4

9 km
46 km (29 mi)
Spain: ATLÁNTICO-CANARIAS
Sun, 20 Jun 2021 (GMT) (2 earthquakes)
20 Jun 2021 21:33:11 GMT
0.3

8 km
4 km (2.5 mi)
Spain: NE GU
20 Jun 2021 15:00:57 GMT
1.5

20 km
24 km (15 mi)
8 km south of Güimar, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
Sat, 19 Jun 2021 (GMT) (2 earthquakes)
19 Jun 2021 19:54:03 GMT
0.4

9 km
14 km (8.7 mi)
Spain: SW VILAFLOR DE CHASNA.ITF
19 Jun 2021 02:44:18 GMT
0.4

17 km
18 km (11 mi)
Spain: SW ARICO.ITF

Background

The NE-trending Cordillera Dorsal volcanic massif joins the Las Cañadas volcano on the SW side of Tenerife with older volcanoes, creating the largest volcanic complex of the Canary Islands. Controversy surrounds the formation of the dramatic 10 x 17 km Las Cañadas caldera, which is partially filled by 3715-m-high Teide stratovolcano, the highest peak in the Atlantic Ocean. The origin of the caldera has been considered to be due entirely or in part to either a massive landslide (in a manner similar to the earlier formation of the massive La Orotava and Guimar valleys in the Cordillera Dorsal) or due to major explosive eruptions. The most recent stage of activity beginning in the late Pleistocene included the construction of the Pico Viejo and Teide edifices. Tenerife was perhaps observed in eruption by Christopher Columbus, and several flank vents on the Canary Island's most active volcano have been active during historical time. Source: Smithsonian GVP

Tenerife Photos

Volcanic Cone and small town beside it, near Mount Teide, Tenerife, Canary Islands (Photo: WNomad)
Volcanic Cone and small town beside it, near Mount Teide, Tenerife, Canary Islands (Photo: WNomad)
Above the clouds framing El Teide volcano, Tenerife, Canary islands (Photo: Janka)
Above the clouds framing El Teide volcano, Tenerife, Canary islands (Photo: Janka)
Clouds moving up the hillsides of El Teide volcano, Tenerife, Canary islands (Photo: Janka)
Clouds moving up the hillsides of El Teide volcano, Tenerife, Canary islands (Photo: Janka)
Fumarole at top of highest mountain in Spain and highest volcano in Europe, Pico del Teide (3718m), Tenerife, Canary Islands (Photo: WNomad)
Fumarole at top of highest mountain in Spain and highest volcano in Europe, Pico del Teide (3718m), Tenerife, Canary Islands (Photo: WNomad)
 



Tenerife volcano tours:
Europe's Volcanic Outpost (Walking and study tour to the Canary Islands: Lanzarote, La Palma, El Hierro and Tenerife)

See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
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