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Fantale volcano

Updated: Jul 5, 2022 11:48 GMT - Refresh
stratovolcano 2007 m / 6,585 ft
Ethiopia, 8.98°N / 39.93°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Fantale volcano's caldera
Fantale volcano's caldera

Fantale (also spelled Fantalle, Fentale, or Fantala) is a large stratovolcano in the Ethiopian Rift Valley west of Lake Awash. It contains a large spectacular summit caldera.
Fantale's historic eruptions produced lava flows that descended to the east side into the valley and lake Awash. An eruption during the 13th century destroyed a town and church located south of the volcano. In 1820, a 4 km long fissure eruption occured on the east flank and sent basaltic lava flows both into the caldera and outside, reaching the bottom of the Rift valley.

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Typical eruption style: Explosive and effusive.
Fantale volcano eruptions: 1820 (?), 1250 (+-50y)
Lastest nearby earthquakes: No recent earthquakes

Background

Fantale is known for welded ash flows thought to correspond to violent eruptions that were followed by the formation of its 2.5 x 4.5 km summit caldera surrounded by steep walls up to 500 m high. The volcano was built on a WNW-ESE-trending orientation perpendicular to the axis of Ethiopian Rift and flank vents exist on the same line.

Fantale Photos

Fantale is a large stratovolcano on the floor of the Ethiopian Rift Valley, truncated by a 6km wide caldera, which shows numerous deposits of young lava eruptions. The last one took place around 1820.  (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Fantale is a large stratovolcano on the floor of the Ethiopian Rift Valley, truncated by a 6km wide caldera, which shows numerous deposits of young lava eruptions. The la...
The truncated cone of Fantale volcano. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The truncated cone of Fantale volcano. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Lake Awash at the bottom of the RIft Valley mirrors Fantale volcano. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Lake Awash at the bottom of the RIft Valley mirrors Fantale volcano. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
1700 m a.s.l. Finally,- Franz is the first to arrive on the rim and get a vew of the large caldera of Fantale volcano. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
1700 m a.s.l. Finally,- Franz is the first to arrive on the rim and get a vew of the large caldera of Fantale volcano. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
 



See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
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