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Latest news:

Sat, 25 Feb 2012, 11:05
Small earthquake swarms occurred at Hengill volcano on 24 and 25 Feb 2012. The seismic activity is thought to be related to the hydrothermal power plane Orkuveita Reykjavíkur which continues to pump down water in this area. ... read all
Thu, 19 Jan 2012, 00:01
A small earthquake swarm started in Hengill volcano on 17 Jan 2012 in the area of the Orkuveita Reykjavíkur hydrothermal plant that has been pumping down cold water into the ground. So far the largest earthquake is just M2.0 and at depth of around 5 km. read all

Hengill volcano

Crater rows 803 m (2,634 ft)
Iceland, 64.18°N / -21.33°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Last update: 1 Mar 2020 (small earthquake swarms under Hengill volcano caused by pumping of water)

The Hengill volcanic system, cutting through Thingvallavatn lake, consists of a series of NE-SW-trending fissure vents, crater rows, and small shield volcanoes occupying a strongly faulted graben.

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Typical eruption style:

Effusive (lava flows).


Hengill volcano eruptions: none confirmed during historic times

Latest nearby earthquakes

TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Wed, 27 Jan 2021 (GMT)
27 Jan 2021 4:34 pm (GMT +0) (27 Jan 2021 16:34:42 GMT)
1.8

2.5 km - More
49 km13.5 Km N of Skjaldbreið, Iceland
27 Jan 2021 4:05 pm (GMT +0) (27 Jan 2021 16:05:24 GMT)
2.3

4.6 km - More
48 km13.1 Km N of Skjaldbreið, Iceland
27 Jan 2021 3:46 pm (GMT +0) (27 Jan 2021 15:46:10 GMT)
1.9

2.9 km - More
49 km14.0 Km N of Skjaldbreið, Iceland
27 Jan 2021 3:07 pm (GMT +0) (27 Jan 2021 15:07:06 GMT)
2.0

3.9 km - More
49 km14.1 Km N of Skjaldbreið, Iceland
27 Jan 2021 2:46 pm (GMT +0) (27 Jan 2021 14:46:05 GMT)
1.7

1.6 km - More
49 km12.9 Km NNE of Skjaldbreið, Iceland

Background

Hengill is the easternmost of a series of four closely spaced basaltic fissure systems that cut diagonally across the Reykjanes Peninsula and lies at the triple junction of the Reykjanes Peninsula volcanic zone, the Western volcanic zone, and the South Iceland seismic zone. Postglacial lava flows surface much of the volcanic system. The latest eruption was radiocarbon dated about 1900 years before present. An eruption in the Hellisheidi area once thought to have occurred around 1000 AD at the time of a meeting of the Icelandic parliament at Thingvellir is now known to have occurred at a vent about 5 km away in the Brennisteinsfjöll volcanic system. Geothermally heated greenhouses, hot springs, and geysers are found at the Hveragerdi thermal area.
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Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institute

Hengill Photos

 



See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8

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