Hengill volcano

Crater rows 803 m (2,634 ft)
Iceland, 64.18°N / -21.33°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Last update: 1 Mar 2020 (small earthquake swarms under Hengill volcano caused by pumping of water)

The Hengill volcanic system, cutting through Thingvallavatn lake, consists of a series of NE-SW-trending fissure vents, crater rows, and small shield volcanoes occupying a strongly faulted graben.

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Typical eruption style:

Effusive (lava flows).


Hengill volcano eruptions: none confirmed during historic times
Lastest nearby earthquakes:
TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Tuesday, January 18, 2022 11:50 GMT (1 earthquake)
Jan 18, 2022 11:50 am (GMT +0) (Jan 18, 2022 11:50 GMT)
1.8

1.1 km
36 km (22 mi)
Iceland: 17.1 Km WNW of Skjaldbreið
Tuesday, January 11, 2022 13:50 GMT (1 earthquake)
Jan 11, 2022 1:50 pm (GMT +0) (Jan 11, 2022 13:50 GMT)
1.8

5.6 km
44 km (27 mi)
Iceland: 5.2 Km N of Krýsuvík

Background

Hengill is the easternmost of a series of four closely spaced basaltic fissure systems that cut diagonally across the Reykjanes Peninsula and lies at the triple junction of the Reykjanes Peninsula volcanic zone, the Western volcanic zone, and the South Iceland seismic zone. Postglacial lava flows surface much of the volcanic system. The latest eruption was radiocarbon dated about 1900 years before present. An eruption in the Hellisheidi area once thought to have occurred around 1000 AD at the time of a meeting of the Icelandic parliament at Thingvellir is now known to have occurred at a vent about 5 km away in the Brennisteinsfjöll volcanic system. Geothermally heated greenhouses, hot springs, and geysers are found at the Hveragerdi thermal area.
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Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institute

Hengill Photos

Hengill geothermal area, Iceland (Photo: Janka)
Hengill geothermal area, Iceland (Photo: Janka)
Natural hot water pond in Hengill geothermal area, Iceland (Photo: Janka)
Natural hot water pond in Hengill geothermal area, Iceland (Photo: Janka)
 



See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
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