25 Nov 2018Typical eruption style
: ExplosiveIbu volcano eruptions
: 2012-ongoing, 2009, 2008, 2004-05, 2001, 1998-99, 1911
No recent earthquakes
|Time||Mag. / Depth||Distance||Location|
Only a few eruptions have been recorded from Ibu in historical time, the first was a small explosive eruption from the summit crater in 1911. An eruption producing a lava dome that eventually covered much of the floor of the inner summit crater began in December 1998.
Ibu volcano, located along the NW coast of Halmahera Island, is a stratovolcano with a truncated summit and a number of large nested summit craters. The inner crater, 1 km wide and 400 m deep, contained several small crater lakes through much of historical time. The outer crater, 1.2 km wide, is breached on the north side, creating a steep-walled valley. A large parasitic cone is located ENE of the summit. A smaller one to the WSW has fed a lava flow down the western flank. A group of maars is located below the northern and western flanks of the volcano.
The temple of Ephaistos in Athens, tribute to the God of Volcanoes. (Photo: Nathalie Livingstone)
Ash emission from Ibu volcano's lava dome. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Strombolian eruption from the central vent of Ibu volcano (Halmahera, Indonesia) in Nov 2014 (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Ash emission from Ibu volcano, Halmahera Island (Indonesia) (Photo: Aris)
Birthday Dinner at Geoffrey's Malibu (Photo: rjbugiada)
A large cinder cone has grown in the center of the lava dome of Ibu. At its eastern base, steam rises from the effusive vent. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)