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Inielika volcano

Updated: Dec 3, 2022 12:36 GMT -
complex volcano 1559 m / 5,115 ft
Flores (Indonesia), -8.73°S / 120.98°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Last update: 8 Dec 2021 (Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report)

Inielika volcano in central Flores is a broad, low volcano constructed within the Lobobutu caldera. It covers an area of 190 sq km. The first historical eruption of Inielika was a phreatic explosion that formed a new crater in 1905.

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Typical eruption style: Explosive
Inielika volcano eruptions: 2001, 1908, 1905

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Background

The complex summit of 1559-m-high Inielika volcano contains 10 craters, some of which are lake filled, located in a 5-sq-km area north of the city of Bajawa. The largest of these, Wolo Runu and Wolo Lega North, are 750 m wide. A chain of cinder cones, the Bajawa cinder cone complex, extends southward to Ineri volcano.

1991 eruption
Inielika volcano erupted between 11-16 January 2001. Numerous explosions, some with thundering sounds audible up to 8 km away produced ash plumes that reached heights of 1 km above the volcano, causing light ash fall in the immediate surroundings up to ca. 10 km distance.
2 new craters were formed by the (phreatic?) explosions, the larger one to the SE 50 m wide and 10 m deep, and a smaller crater to the NW 20 m wide and 1 m deep.

See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
Wed, 25 Apr 2001, 06:00

Inielika volcano (Flores Island, Indonesia) - Report for 25 April-1 May 2001 (Continuing Activity)

VSI reported that during 16-23 April seismic activity increased at Inielika in comparison to the previous week. Seismographs recorded five deep volcanic, ten shallow volcanic, and eleven tectonic earthquakes. Inielika is at Alert Level 2 (on a scale of 1-4). ... Read all
Wed, 7 Feb 2001, 06:00

Inielika volcano (Flores Island, Indonesia) - Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for 7 February-13 February 2001 (New Activity / Unrest)

During 6-11 February, Inielika volcano remained active and the VSI reported no significant change in volcanic activity. An ash plume was observed rising 25-500 m above the volcano and there was a slight increase in the number of deep volcanic earthquakes in comparison to the previous week. The Alert Level at the volcano was reduced from 3 to 2 (on a scale of 1-4). ... Read all
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