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Late volcano

Updated: Dec 3, 2022 15:01 GMT -
Stratovolcano 540 m / 1,772 ft
Tonga, Tonga Islands, -18.81°S / -174.65°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)

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Typical eruption style: unspecified
Late volcano eruptions: 1854 

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Background

The small, 6-km-wide circular island of Late, lying along the Tofua volcanic arc about 55 km WSW of the island of Vavau, contains a 400-m-wide, 150-m-deep summit crater with an ephemeral lake. The largely submerged basaltic-andesite to andesitic volcano rises 1500 m from the sea floor, with its conical summit reaching 540 m above sea level. Cinder cones are found north of the summit crater, west and north of a semicircular plateau 100-150 m below the summit, and on the NW coast. A graben-like structure on the NE flank contains two large pit craters, the lower of which is partially filled by a saltwater lake. Only two eruptions have occurred in historical time, both from NE-flank craters, which produced explosive activity and possible lava flows in 1790 and 1854.
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Smithsonian / GVP volcano information

Late Photos




See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS

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