Raung volcano

Updated: Jul 6, 2022 07:40 GMT - Refresh
Stratovolcano 3332 m (10,932 ft)
East Java (Indonesia), -8.13°S / 114.04°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Last update: 23 Jun 2022 (Volcanic Alert Level lowered to Green)
View of the immense, 2 km wide summit crater, a small caldera surrounded by steep walls 4-500 m deep.
View of the immense, 2 km wide summit crater, a small caldera surrounded by steep walls 4-500 m deep.

Raung in Eastern Java in the Ijen Plateau is one of Java's most active volcanoes, with frequent explosive eruptions every few years. Raung is a massive stratovolcano constructed SW of the rim of the Ijen caldera. Its 3332-m-high, unvegetated summit of Gunung Raung is truncated by a dramatic steep-walled, 2-km-wide caldera where all of the frequent historical eruptions took place.

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Typical eruption style: Explosive
Raung volcano eruptions: 1586 (?), 1593 (large sub-plinian eruption), 1597, 1638, 1730, 1804+-4y, 1812-14, 1815 +-1y, 1817, 1838, 1849, 1859, 1860, 1864, 1881, 1885, 1890, 1896, 1897, 1902, 1903, 1913, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1921, 1924, 1924, 1927-28, 1928, 1929, 1933, 1936, 1937, 1938-39, 1940, 1941, 1943, 1944-45, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1971, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1982, 1985, 1987-89, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1995 (?), 1997, 1999, Jul 2000, Jun-Aug 2002, Apr-Oct 2004 (?), Jul-Aug 2005 (?), Aug 2007 (?), 2012, 2014-15, 2020-ongoing
Lastest nearby earthquakes: No recent earthquakes

Background

A prehistoric collapse of Gunung Gadung on the west flank produced a large debris avalanche that traveled 79 km from the volcano, reaching nearly to the Indian Ocean. Raung contains several centers constructed along a NE-SW line, with Gunung Suket and Gunung Gadung stratovolcanoes being located to the NE and west, respectively.
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Source: adapted from GVP (Global Volcanism Program)

Raung Photos

Strombolian activity from Raung volcano (East Java, Indonesia) 26 July 2015 (Photo: V. Tricou)
Strombolian activity from Raung volcano (East Java, Indonesia) 26 July 2015 (Photo: V. Tricou)
Sunset light on the eastern caldera walls of Raung volcano (East Java, Indonesia) (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Sunset light on the eastern caldera walls of Raung volcano (East Java, Indonesia) (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Raung volcano (East Java, Indonesia) on June 18, 2016. (Photo: V. Tricou)
Raung volcano (East Java, Indonesia) on June 18, 2016. (Photo: V. Tricou)
Strombolian eruption at Raung volcano on 6 Jan 2015 (Photo: daring-trip)
Strombolian eruption at Raung volcano on 6 Jan 2015 (Photo: daring-trip)
 



See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
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