Reykjanes peninsula (SW Iceland), 63.89°N / -22.52°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Reykjanes volcano on the peninsula of the same name is a vast fissure system in SW Iceland. It is located where the Mid Atlantic Ridge emerges onto land.
It forms a vast area with many eruptive fissures, lava fields, hot springs and mud pools. In 2000, a large earthquake lowered the water level in Lake Kleifarvatn by 5 metres, but has gradually returned to normal since then.
Reykjanes volcano eruptions: 1211, 1226
Latest nearby earthquakes
|Time||Mag. / Depth||Distance/Location|
|Sunday, September 25, 2022 GMT (1 quake)|
|Sep 25, 2022 5:53 pm (GMT +0) (Sep 25, 2022 17:53 GMT)|
|22 km (14 mi)|
Iceland: 6.3 Km NE of Eldey
|Wednesday, September 21, 2022 GMT (1 quake)|
|Sep 21, 2022 1:19 pm (GMT +0) (Sep 21, 2022 13:19 GMT)|
|7.9 km (4.9 mi)|
Iceland: 3.9 Km NE of Grindavík
|Wednesday, September 14, 2022 GMT (1 quake)|
|Sep 14, 2022 6:31 am (GMT +0) (Sep 14, 2022 06:31 GMT)|
|3 km (1.9 mi)|
Iceland: 4.6 Km NNW of Grindavík
BackgroundThe Reykjanes volcanic system at the SW tip of the Reykjanes Peninsula, where the Mid Atlantic Ridge rises above sea level, comprises a broad area of postglacial basaltic crater rows and small shield volcanoes.
The Reykjanes volcanic system is the westernmost of a series of four closely-spaced fissure systems that extend diagonally across the Reykjanes Peninsula. Most of the volcanic system is covered by Holocene lavas and eruptions have occurred in historical time during the 13th century at several locations on the NE-SW-trending fissure system.
Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institute
Gunnuhver geothermal area, Reykjanes peninsula, Iceland (Photo: Janka)
Aerial view towards the SW over the active cone and the lava flow. Reykjanes southern coastline is visible in the background. (Photo: World-Geographic)
Sulphur deposits in Gunnuhver geothermal area, Reykjanes peninsula, Iceland (Photo: Janka)
View on the colourful bird cliff of Krýsuvíkurbjarg on the southern coast of Reykjanes peninsula, Iceland (Photo: Janka)
See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS