2 spots left on Iceland Geo Tour 16-30 July 2022

Ruapehu volcano

Updated: Jul 1, 2022 23:38 GMT - Refresh
Stratovolcano 2797 m / 9,176 ft
North Island (New Zealand), -39.28°S / 175.57°E
Current status: restless (2 out of 5)
Last update: 29 Jun 2022 (Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report)
Ruhapehu volcano
Ruhapehu volcano

Ruapehu is one of New Zealand's most active volcanoes and forms the highest peak of the North Island. The andesitic stratovolcano has an age of around 200,000 years and contains a large summit crater containing a lake. Eruptions from the vent inside the lake often cause the lake to drain and form dangerous lahars.

Show interactive Map
[hide map] [enlarge]
Typical eruption style: Mildly explosive, formation of lahars
Ruapehu volcano eruptions:
Lastest nearby earthquakes:
TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Sunday, June 26, 2022 GMT (1 quake)
Jun 27, 2022 3:04 am (GMT +12) (Jun 26, 2022 15:04 GMT)
1.0

5 km
33 km (21 mi)
New Zealand
Saturday, June 25, 2022 GMT (1 quake)
Jun 25, 2022 2:26 pm (GMT +12) (Jun 25, 2022 02:26 GMT)
1.7

77 km
33 km (21 mi)
63 km north of Whanganui, Wanganui District, Manawatu-Wanganui, New Zealand

Background

Ruapehu is a complex volcanic edifice constructed over several cycles and has a NNE-SSW elongated shape. The cone is surrounded by a large plain formed by debris from flank collapse and lahar deposits.
A series of very explosive (Plinian) eruptions occurred at Ruapehu between about 22,600 and 10,000 years ago. Since then, only one vent has probably been active, Crater Lake in the summit region. Activity in historic time consisted of mild explosive phreatic and phreatomagmatic eruptions often accompanied by lahars threatening the popular ski area on the volcano as well as structures in the surrounding valleys.
On 24th December 1953, a tephra dam holding in the crater lake failed passively, hence the lake drained to produce a catastrophic lahar that destroyed a rail bridge 42 km from the volcano, just as the Wellington-Auckland passenger train was crossing and fell into the valley, causing 151 fatalities.


See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
Try our free app!
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - new app for Android
Android | iOS version

More on VolcanoDiscovery

Why is there advertising on this site?
Support us - Help us upgrade our services!
We truly love working to bring you the latest volcano and earthquake data from around the world. Maintaining our website and our free apps does require, however, considerable time and resources.
We need financing to increase hard- and software capacity as well as support our editor team. We're aiming to achieve uninterrupted service wherever an earthquake or volcano eruption unfolds, and your donations can make it happen! Every donation will be highly appreciated. If you find the information useful and would like to support our team in integrating further features, write great content, and in upgrading our soft- and hardware, please make a donation (PayPal or Online credit card payment).

Planned features:
  • Improved multilanguage support
  • Tsunami alerts
  • Faster responsiveness
Thanks to your past donations, these features have been added recently:
  • Earthquake archive from 1900 onwards
  • Detailed quake stats
  • Additional seismic data sources
Download and Upgrade the Volcanoes & Earthquakes app to get one of the fastest seismic and volcano alerts online:
Android | IOS
Thank you!
Copyrights: VolcanoDiscovery and other sources as noted.
Use of material: Most texts and images, in particular photographs, on this website are protected by copyright. Further reproduction and use of without authorization is usually not consented. If you are not sure or need licensing rights for photographs, for example for publications and commercial use, please contact us.
Home | Travel | Destinations | Volcanoes | Photos | Earthquakes | About | Glossary | News | Contact | Privacy | Imprint | EN | DE | EL | ES | FR | IT | RU
Follow us:Follow us on facebookFollow us on InstagramFollow us on TwitterVisit our Youtube channel