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Rungwe volcano

Stratovolcano 2956 m / 9,698 ft
Tanzania, -9.13°S / 33.67°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5) | Reports
Rungwe volcano books
Typical eruption style: unspecified
Rungwe volcano eruptions: 1250 ± 40 yearsNo recent earthquakes
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation

Background:

Rungwe volcano, the largest in the Karonga basin NW of Lake Malawi (Lake Nyasa), is cut by a 4-km-wide caldera that is breached to the WSW. Hummocky terrain from a debris-avalanche deposit produced by collapse of the summit and western flank extends at least 20 km SW of the volcano. The trachytic caldera is largely filled by a series of youthful-looking uneroded and sparsely vegetated pumice cones, lava domes, and explosion craters. The latter are also found on the southern and northern flanks. A large area of basaltic cones and lava flows are found on the NW flank of the volcano, and youthful-looking lava flows extend to the SW from vents inside the caldera. Rungwe produced explosive and effusive eruptions during the Holocene; the largest explosive eruption took place about 4000 years ago and the most recent about about 1200 years ago.
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Smithsonian / GVP volcano information


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