BackgroundHydrothermal activity was detected during a 2003 NOAA expedition at a submarine volcano about 70 km WSW of Guam. The summit of the volcano, referred to as Seamount X, lies 1230 m below the sea surface. Diffuse sites of thermal venting colonized by shrimps, crabs, and scaleworms were detected near the summit during a 2006 NOAA expedition, and thick deposits of sulfur flows originating from the hydrothermal vent were observed that were covered with thousands of squat lobsters. Basaltic rocks were recovered along with sulfur samples. The summit of the volcano is cut by an elongated caldera.
Smithsonian / GVP volcano information
See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS