St. Paul volcano

Stratovolcano 268 m / 879 ft
France, Southern Indian Ocean, -38.72°S / 77.53°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)

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Typical eruption style: unspecified
St. Paul volcano eruptions: 1793 

No recent earthquakes
TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location

Background

The uninhabited triangular island of St. Paul is located near the axis of the East Indian Ocean Ridge, 80 km south of Amsterdam Island. St. Paul is composed of a older tuff cone surmounted by a basaltic stratovolcano with a 1.8-km-wide caldera. The entire NE half of the volcano was submerged following collapse along a NW-trending fault. This breached the central caldera, leaving an 80-m-deep bay connected to the ocean by a narrow channel only a few meters deep. Geothermal areas are located near the 268-m-high caldera rim and along the margins of the caldera bay. The only recorded historical eruption took place in 1793 from a vent on the lower SW flank.
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Smithsonian / GVP volcano information

St. Paul Photos

Claude, Olivier and Paul watch the activity of the lava lake. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Claude, Olivier and Paul watch the activity of the lava lake. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
krakatau_paul_0011.jpg (Photo: Paul Reichert)
krakatau_paul_0011.jpg (Photo: Paul Reichert)
Paul taking photos of the eruption (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Paul taking photos of the eruption (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
krakatau_paul_0003.jpg (Photo: Paul Reichert)
krakatau_paul_0003.jpg (Photo: Paul Reichert)
 



See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
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