Sulawesi & Sangihe Islands (Indonesia), 3.67°N / 125.5°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
The massive Gunung Awu stratovolcano occupies the northern end of Great Sangihe Island, the largest of the Sangihe arc. Deep valleys that form passageways for lahars dissect the flanks of the 1320-m-high volcano, which was constructed within a 4.5-km-wide caldera.
Highly explosive. Pyroclastic flows and lahars.
Awu volcano eruptions: 1640(?), 1646, 1699(?), 1711, 1812, 1856, 1875, 1883, 1885, 1892, 1893, 1913, 1921, 1922, 1930-31, 1966 (large sub-Plinian explosion), 1968(?), 1992, 2004
Latest nearby earthquakesNo recent earthquakes
BackgroundAwu is one of Indonesia's deadliest volcanoes; powerful explosive eruptions in 1711, 1812, 1856, 1892, and 1966 produced devastating pyroclastic flows and lahars that caused more than 8000 cumulative fatalities during 5 eruptions (in 1711, 1812, 1856, 1892 and 1966).
Awu contained a summit crater lake that was 1 km wide and 172 m deep in 1922, but was largely ejected during the 1966 eruption.
The eruption in 2004 prompted the evacuation of 27,000 people, but the eruption eventually did not escalate into a major event.
After hours of walking through endless lava desert, a patch of trees with their vibrant autumn colors is refreshening. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS